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Women’s Perceptions and Attitudes Related to Family Planning Use among Poor Population in Rural Rwanda 认领
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作者 Costase Ndayishimiye 《生殖科学(英文)》 2021年第1期1-12,共12页
<strong>INTRODUCTION:</strong> In 2012, Rwandan Government has declared family planning (FP) a national priority for poverty reduction and socioeconomic development. However, rural areas still contribute t... <strong>INTRODUCTION:</strong> In 2012, Rwandan Government has declared family planning (FP) a national priority for poverty reduction and socioeconomic development. However, rural areas still contribute to higher fertility rates. <strong>OBJECTIVE:</strong> To explore factors to influence FP uptake in rural families. <strong>METHODS:</strong> This study used mixed (quantitative and qualitative) methods consisted of two separate surveys. The first survey (quantitative-based cross-sectional design) determined FP use in households while the second survey (qualitative-based design) identified socio-cultural factors which hindered FP uptake in households. In total, 119 households with women in reproductive age (15 - 45) were targeted in rural areas in Western province, Karongi District. The data collected during door-to-door visits using paper-based-questionnaires and administered through interviews. A database mask was designed under OnaCollect, then processed in SPSS software. The results were presented in tables of frequencies, the difference between proportions assessed using Chi-Square-test, the difference between means assessed using t-tests, significance at p = or <0.05, confidence level at 0.95, and a margin error of 0.09. <strong>RESULTS:</strong> Socio-cultural norms influenced no use of contraception (32.8%) or only promoted natural methods (12.6%). Social norms were religious in origin (38.5%) where Christianity (91.8%) discouraged modern methods (viewed as killing children) but encouraged using natural methods, preferably abstinence (73.3%). Cultural norms (17.9%) influenced families to have many children as resources of wealth, evidence of productivity, and a way to decrease parents’ workloads including assisting mothers in home-based activities such as cooking, and assisting fathers in farming activities such as keeping cows, goats and pigs. Other attitudes included gender-based issues (2.5%) mainly due to spousal disapproval (men dominated in taking FP decisions in families), whereas other non-users 展开更多
关键词 Family Planning in Rwanda Religion and Family Planning Contraceptive Methods Community Health Workers in Rwanda
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Reflections on Village Planning Path from the Perspective of Participatory Planning 认领
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作者 YU Xuan 《景观研究:英文版》 2021年第1期45-50,共6页
In this study,through village planning practice,we sorted out relevant theories and research foundations,constructed and optimized the participatory planning path of villages,and proposed institutional conditions for ... In this study,through village planning practice,we sorted out relevant theories and research foundations,constructed and optimized the participatory planning path of villages,and proposed institutional conditions for upgrading the main status of villagers.It is recommended to understand the working mode of villages,improve the participation ability of villagers,improve the expression of planning,strengthen the planning feedback link,and truly improve the villagers’participation awareness and ability on the basis of legislative authorization and government empowerment. 展开更多
关键词 Participatory planning Village planning Planning practice Village democracy
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Women’s Attitudes and Knowledge towards the Use of Contraceptive Methods 认领
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作者 Emmanuel Gasaba Fiona Niyomana +4 位作者 Felicité Irakoze Edith Baramana Anitha Ndayizeye Ismaël Nicoyishimiye Edouard Niyongabo 《护理学期刊(英文)》 2021年第1期17-27,共11页
<strong>Background:</strong> Contraceptive use reduces the need for abortion by preventing unwanted pregnancies, and the causes of maternal death worldwide. Contraceptive use helps women to plan their preg... <strong>Background:</strong> Contraceptive use reduces the need for abortion by preventing unwanted pregnancies, and the causes of maternal death worldwide. Contraceptive use helps women to plan their pregnancies and contributes for population growth. This study aims to analyze the attitudes and knowledge of the women attending Van Norma Clinic for the use of contraceptive methods. <strong>Methods:</strong> A cross-sectional study was used to analyze the information. A convenience sampling method has been used to select the 100 women who attended Van Norman Clinic in Family planning service in the period of the study of four months (April to July, 2020). A self-administered questionnaire with four parameters addressing importance of using contraceptive methods, the factors affecting the women’s attitudes for not using contraceptive methods, types of contraceptive methods currently used, advantages and disadvantages of using contraceptive methods was used to collect data. <strong>Results:</strong> Research findings show that the majority of respondents knew the importance of using contraceptive methods like preventing unwanted pregnancies (97%), spacing pregnancies (96%), planning pregnancies (92%), and getting well (70%). Two factors affecting women for not using contraceptive methods had been identified such as religion (73%) and fear (70%). In addition, the women attending Van Norman Clinic prefer using implants (99%) and injectable (99%). It is clear that women do not know the consequences related to the nonuse of contraceptive methods. Some recommendations have been made to the health care facilities, parents, women themselves, churches’ leaders and government in general. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Factors which influence women’s attitudes for not using contraceptive methods were notified in our study such as religion (73.0%) and fear (70.0%) which was explained by the fact that in Burundi most people are catholic which is the most religion prohibiting the use of contraceptive methods. However, the pa 展开更多
关键词 Contraceptive Method Family Planning WOMEN ATTITUDE KNOWLEDGE
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A Multimedia Web GIS Portal for Promotion of Tourism in Kenya 认领
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作者 Charles M. Muriuki Benson Kenduiywo 《地理信息系统(英文)》 2021年第1期19-35,共17页
Tourism is a major foreign exchange earner in Kenya contributing to 10% of the gross domestic product (GDP). Whereas Kenyan government strives to boost its GDP through improved arrivals, lack of effective tourism mark... Tourism is a major foreign exchange earner in Kenya contributing to 10% of the gross domestic product (GDP). Whereas Kenyan government strives to boost its GDP through improved arrivals, lack of effective tourism marketing strategies hinders growth in tourist arrivals in Kenya. To advertise and market the untold wealth of tourist destinations, the government utilizes campaigns through print and electronic media, which are expensive and limited in updating. This study addresses the gap by designing a web Geographic Information System (GIS) portal for marketing and promotion of tourism. To realize this a multimedia GIS database was created using PostgreSQL/PostGIS software to store spatial and multimedia tourism data, while itinerary planning tools were designed using Dijkstra algorithm and Travelling Salesman Problem (TSP) approach. The result was a web GIS portal interface containing tourist information enhanced with text and/or video/audio descriptions. Facebook advertisement was used to popularize the tourism products available in Kenya through visitor engagements as well as directing traffic to the portal fast and inexpensively. 展开更多
关键词 DIJKSTRA Travelling Salesman Problem Approach Trip Planning GIS in Travel Optimal Path
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Deficient Developmental Planning Leading to Water Conflicts across Political Borders: The Way Forward 认领
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作者 Elias Salameh Nadhir Al-Ansari 《工程(英文)(1947-3931)》 2021年第3期158-172,共15页
In this article, Turkey, Iran and Syria in the Middle East area are taken as examples for deficient planning and development of water resources shared with their downstream countries resulting in severe social, econom... In this article, Turkey, Iran and Syria in the Middle East area are taken as examples for deficient planning and development of water resources shared with their downstream countries resulting in severe social, economic and political percussions to these neighbors. The current situation in the Middle East with wars against terrorism, uprising of population groups, and COVID-19 Pandemic have not allowed the affected countries Jordan, Iraq and Syria to properly react to the assaults of upstream water development and diversions on their fair shares in the transboundary waters. The rivers’ upstream developmental schemes have not taken advantages of recent advanced technological knowhow of water efficient development and use, seemingly because the arising water problems and catastrophes will not affect these upstream countries, but their downstream neighbors. Although, it is by now known that pressurized water conveyance system relative to canals saves 10% - 20% of the transmitted water, and drip and sprinkler irrigation require only 40% - 50% of the water used in surface and furrow irrigation, that is in addition to agricultural production increases when using advanced management strategies. As enhancing policies, tradeoffs between downstream and upstream countries are thought of as a strategic option to improve the water use efficiency in upstream countries in order to help downstream countries in obtaining their fair shares of the transboundary water resources. 展开更多
关键词 Transboundary Water Deficient Planning Water Use Efficiency Middle East TRADEOFFS
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规划机构改革与空间治理现代化的路径选择 认领
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作者 苏冬 刘健 +1 位作者 Li Caige(Translated) Mao Qizhi(Proofread) 《城市规划:英文版》 CSCD 2021年第1期24-35,共12页
In recent years,with the profound changes of"promoting the modernization of the national governance system and capacity,"the reform of state institutions has become an important measure and step.In the field... In recent years,with the profound changes of"promoting the modernization of the national governance system and capacity,"the reform of state institutions has become an important measure and step.In the field of planning management,the establishment of the Ministry of Natural Resources plays a crucial role in the institutional reform over the years.This paper discusses the reform of planning management from the perspective of the public management and urban planning discipline,and tries to explore the internal logic between"institutional reform"and"governance modernization."It demonstrates the interweaving and transforming process between the adjustment of planning agencies and national governance,discussing whether the establishment of the Ministry of Natural Resources has responded to the path selection of governance modernization.The paper makes a diachronic analysis on the 13 state institutional reforms since the founding of People’s Republic of China,especially on the adjustment process of planning management agencies.It builds an"institution-governance"analysis framework with the three elements including institution,function,and management as its core and with the institutional strength and governance effectiveness as the entry and exit,and analyzes the parallel transitions of planning management agencies and spatial governance logic as well as the necessary undertaking mechanisms,with the aim to provide reference for the establishment of a new pattern of spatial governance. 展开更多
关键词 planning management institutional reform national governance territorial and spatial planning system
综合考虑经济-环境-社会因素的多能耦合系统高维多目标规划 认领
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作者 曾博 徐富强 +2 位作者 刘一贤 刘裕 巩敦卫 《电工技术学报》 EI CSCD 北大核心 2021年第7期1434-1445,共12页
提高能源系统运行经济性、减少污染排放、改善能源利用效率是我国未来能源系统发展的重要目标。但是,在实际能源系统规划中,由于上述不同目标之间具有复杂的关联性,因此当问题的目标函数数量多于3个且存在不确定性参数时,现有方法往往... 提高能源系统运行经济性、减少污染排放、改善能源利用效率是我国未来能源系统发展的重要目标。但是,在实际能源系统规划中,由于上述不同目标之间具有复杂的关联性,因此当问题的目标函数数量多于3个且存在不确定性参数时,现有方法往往难以实现对该类问题的有效求解。为应对上述挑战,该文提出一种面向多能耦合系统规划的高维多目标优化分析框架。首先,在深入剖析多能源系统中源荷耦合特性及其对系统运行影响的基础上,提出了综合考虑经济-环境-社会因素的综合能源系统多目标规划范式;然后,鉴于不同规划目标之间存在的天然矛盾性并充分考虑系统中供需侧行为的不确定性,分别以投资运行成本最小、用能效率最高、碳排放最小以及供能不满意度最小作为目标,构建了针对多能系统规划的高维多目标优化模型,该模型综合考虑系统元件容量配置以及终端负荷管理,并利用区间方法计及各不确定性因素的影响,从而使最终规划方案可有效兼顾最优性与鲁棒性;接着,根据所建模型的特点,利用模糊偏好函数法分别对目标函数和约束条件进行处理,将其转换为确定性优化问题,采用基于降维分解的带精英策略非支配排序遗传算法(DNSGAⅡ)对此进行求解;最后,通过相关算例分析,验证所提方法的有效性。 展开更多
关键词 多能耦合系统 高维多目标优化 规划 不确定性 社会因素
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污染气体扩散效应的城市景观环境规划设计方案研究 认领
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作者 王宁 《环境科学与管理》 CAS 2021年第3期34-38,共5页
为降低城市污染气体浓度,维护城市生活环境质量,提出考虑污染气体扩散效应的城市景观环境规划设计方案。基于实际生活情况分析城市污染气体,分别在点源、线源、面源三个角度搭建污染气体扩散模型,获取污染气体扩散特征,通过自然景观与... 为降低城市污染气体浓度,维护城市生活环境质量,提出考虑污染气体扩散效应的城市景观环境规划设计方案。基于实际生活情况分析城市污染气体,分别在点源、线源、面源三个角度搭建污染气体扩散模型,获取污染气体扩散特征,通过自然景观与人工景观两方面规划城市景观环境,优化植物树种、计算植物吸收污染气体能力与增加城市绿地面积;选取建筑形态、确定建筑间距以及布局,实现城市景观环境的规划设计。测试结果表明提出方案在风力等级为3级与5级下,污染气体浓度范围均低于安全浓度30.15 mg/m3 展开更多
关键词 污染气体 扩散 城市景观 环境 规划
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Urban planning construction land standard and its revision based on climate and topography in China 认领
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作者 XU Yong ZHAO Shen FAN Jie 《地理学报:英文版》 SCIE CSCD 2021年第4期603-620,共18页
Urban planning construction land standard is the technical specification for scientifically allocating various types of urban construction land,and it is the basis for drawing up and revising the overall urban plannin... Urban planning construction land standard is the technical specification for scientifically allocating various types of urban construction land,and it is the basis for drawing up and revising the overall urban planning scheme.Considering China’s current urban planning construction land standard,many problems exist,such as the gap in the land use control threshold,the lack of regional differences in the climate revision,and failing to consider the topographic factors.To resolve these problems,this study proposed a step-by-step process framework and quantitative calculation method for the establishment and revision of standards in accordance with the principle of Total-Structure control.By setting the conditions,a universal basic standard for construction land was established.Quantitative analysis was then conducted on the relationship between the basic standard and the selected key indicators,such as urban population size,sunshine spacing coefficient,the width of river valleys or inter-montane basins,and terrain slope,among others.Finally,revised standards were formed for climate conditions,topography,and geomorphologic conditions,which were matched with the basic standards.The key results are three-fold:(1)The per capita construction land standard of 95 m~2/person can be used as the total indicator of China’s urban planning basic standard,and the corresponding per capita single construction land comprises 32.50%of residential land,7.42%of public management and public service land,22.50%of industrial land,17.50%of transportation facilities,12.50%of green space,and 7.58%of other land-use types.The results of the revision of the urban population size indicate that the difference in population size has little effect on the total amount of per capita construction land.(2)The climate revision results of per capita residential land and per capita construction land in major cities reveal that the revised climate value varies greatly between north and south China.The revised climate values of the per capita area of co 展开更多
关键词 urban planning construction land standard climate revision standard topography revision standard
企业土地房屋资产调查研究 认领
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作者 张博华 《科技资讯》 2021年第4期104-107,共4页
为解决国有大型集团公司加强土地房屋资产全生命周期的信息化管理,提高对土地房屋的经营效率,实现土地房屋资产的保值和增值,摸清某集团范围内土地、房屋资产状况。该项目对土地权属、房屋状况调查的技术路线、不动产调查目标和调查方案... 为解决国有大型集团公司加强土地房屋资产全生命周期的信息化管理,提高对土地房屋的经营效率,实现土地房屋资产的保值和增值,摸清某集团范围内土地、房屋资产状况。该项目对土地权属、房屋状况调查的技术路线、不动产调查目标和调查方案,以及调查后的成果制作进行了研究,并且对国有大型集团的土地房屋管理提出了合理性建议,为不动产信息化管理做好数据准备。 展开更多
关键词 规划 土地 权属调查 不动产调查
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园区能源互联网的规划与运行研究综述 认领 被引量:1
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作者 王奖 邓丰强 +2 位作者 张勇军 苏洁莹 谢小瑜 《电力自动化设备》 EI CSCD 北大核心 2021年第2期24-32,55,共10页
园区能源互联网作为"源-网-荷-储-充"协调互补的能源系统,具有多能耦合互补的特性,有助于降低社会供能成本,提升能源利用效率。首先阐述了园区能源互联网的内涵,对其进行结构划分,并讨论了园区能源互联网的功率平衡模型与电-... 园区能源互联网作为"源-网-荷-储-充"协调互补的能源系统,具有多能耦合互补的特性,有助于降低社会供能成本,提升能源利用效率。首先阐述了园区能源互联网的内涵,对其进行结构划分,并讨论了园区能源互联网的功率平衡模型与电-气-热网潮流模型;然后分别从设备规划、多能流优化调度、负荷侧多类型响应和计及储能的优化调度4个环节对该领域的研究现状进行了综述;最后对有待深入研究的方向进行了展望,分析了园区能源互联网在广义规划、智能优化以及市场交互方面的研究前景,以期为园区能源互联网规划与运行未来的研究提供参考。 展开更多
关键词 园区能源互联网 能源集线器 规划 优化调度
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吉林省生态环境保护“十四五”规划基本思路研究 认领 被引量:1
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作者 聂英芝 王雪 《绿色科技》 2021年第2期158-160,共3页
以吉林省“十三五”期间的结构、环境污染、治理体系“三个没有根本转变”的问题为导向,以“十四五”时期推进资源利用高效化、生态保护系统化、环境治理体系现代化“三化目标”为抓手,以习近平生态文明思想为战略指导,围绕建立和完善... 以吉林省“十三五”期间的结构、环境污染、治理体系“三个没有根本转变”的问题为导向,以“十四五”时期推进资源利用高效化、生态保护系统化、环境治理体系现代化“三化目标”为抓手,以习近平生态文明思想为战略指导,围绕建立和完善以推动高质量发展为目标的绿色生产体系、以改善生态环境质量为核心的目标责任体系、以生态系统良性循环和环境风险有效防控为重点的生态安全体系、以治理体系和治理能力现代化为保障的生态文明制度体系和生态文化体系等“五大体系”为目标,设计了“八大举措”任务,研究构建了《吉林省生态环境保护“十四五”规划》的基本思路。以供参考。 展开更多
关键词 “十四五” 生态环境保护 规划 基本思路 吉林省
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考虑城市场景需求的中压直流配电网规划选优分析方法 认领
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作者 曹华珍 王天霖 +4 位作者 陈沛东 高崇 杨墨缘 张真 欧阳森 《电力自动化设备》 EI CSCD 北大核心 2021年第2期77-83,共7页
针对城市配电网规划中多个中压直流配电网的建设优先次序尚无量化分析方法的问题,提出一种考虑城市场景需求的中压直流配电网规划选优分析方法。从供电质量提升需求、城市场景需求和配电网经济性3个层面建立了一套城市中压直流配电网规... 针对城市配电网规划中多个中压直流配电网的建设优先次序尚无量化分析方法的问题,提出一种考虑城市场景需求的中压直流配电网规划选优分析方法。从供电质量提升需求、城市场景需求和配电网经济性3个层面建立了一套城市中压直流配电网规划选优综合指标体系,在供电质量提升需求方面考虑与目标水平之间的差距,在城市场景需求方面考虑中压交流配电网的建设局限性与中压直流配电网的建设驱动力,在经济性方面关注缺电损失成本严重性。通过云模型对定性指标量化,基于德尔菲-熵权法的层次加性加权计算各配电网综合评价值,并以此排序,在年度总投资约束下,以方案总体综合评价值最大为目标实现规划对象选优,从而安排多个中压直流配电网的建设优先级。以某地区配电网为例,验证了所提方法的实用性。 展开更多
关键词 城市场景需求 中压直流配电网 规划 选优分析方法
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Homotopy based optimal configuration space reduction for anytime robotic motion planning 认领
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作者 Yang LIU Zheng ZHENG Fangyun QIN 《中国航空学报:英文版》 SCIE EI CAS CSCD 2021年第1期364-379,共16页
Anytime sampling-based motion planning algorithms are widely used in practical applications due to limited real-time computing resources.The algorithm quickly finds feasible paths and incrementally improves them to th... Anytime sampling-based motion planning algorithms are widely used in practical applications due to limited real-time computing resources.The algorithm quickly finds feasible paths and incrementally improves them to the optimal ones.However,anytime sampling-based algorithms bring a paradox in convergence speed since finding a better path helps prune useless candidates but also introduces unrecognized useless candidates by sampling.Based on the words of homotopy classes,we propose a Homotopy class Informed Preprocessor(HIP)to break the paradox by providing extra information.By comparing the words of path candidates,HIP can reveal wasteful edges of the sampling-based graph before finding a better path.The experimental results obtained in many test scenarios show that HIP improves the convergence speed of anytime sampling-based algorithms. 展开更多
关键词 Collision avoidance HOMOTOPY Motion planning Rapidly-exploring Random Tree(RRT) ROBOTS
An intelligent target detection method of UAV swarms based on improved KM algorithm 认领
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作者 Xiangming ZHENG Chunyao MA 《中国航空学报:英文版》 SCIE EI CAS CSCD 2021年第2期539-553,共15页
Complete and efficient detection of unknown targets is the most popular application of UAV swarms. Under most situations, targets have directional characteristics so that they can only be successfully detected within ... Complete and efficient detection of unknown targets is the most popular application of UAV swarms. Under most situations, targets have directional characteristics so that they can only be successfully detected within specific angles. In such cases, how to coordinate UAVs and allocate optimal paths for them to efficiently detect all the targets is the primary issue to be solved. In this paper, an intelligent target detection method is proposed for UAV swarms to achieve real-time detection requirements. First, a target-feature-information-based disintegration method is built up to divide the search space into a set of cubes. Theoretically, when the cubes are traversed, all the targets can be detected. Then, a Kuhn-Munkres(KM)-algorithm-based path planning method is proposed for UAVs to traverse the cubes. Finally, to further improve search efficiency, a 3 D realtime probability map is established over the search space which estimates the possibility of detecting new targets at each point. This map is adopted to modify the weights in KM algorithm, thereby optimizing the UAVs’ paths during the search process. Simulation results show that with the proposed method, all targets, with detection angle limitations, can be found by UAVs. Moreover, by implementing the 3 D probability map, the search efficiency is improved by 23.4%–78.1%. 展开更多
关键词 3D probability map Kuhn-Munkres algorithm Path planning Real-time control Swarm intelligence Target detection Unmanned aerial vehicle(UAV)
中国生态城市建设的思考--以西方生态城规划发展为例 认领
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作者 曹晨阳 武启颖 《智能建筑与智慧城市》 2021年第2期17-18,21,共3页
生态城市规划是实现城市物质空间向生态化发展的有效途径,通过梳理西方生态城市规划思想演进及实践探索过程,并结合德国林茨太阳城的规划设计,进一步理解生态城市规划的脉络与要点,由此引发对我国生态城市规划发展与建设的思考。
关键词 生态城市 规划 实践探索 土地集约
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大连港太平湾港区选址研究 认领
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作者 崔柳 杜木子 陈云飞 《水运工程》 北大核心 2021年第1期60-65,共6页
针对大连港太平湾港区选址问题,为弥补大连港腹地运距劣势、解决港产城矛盾、顺应辽宁省港口整合导向、助推东北振兴、优化运输布局、承接产业转移,迫切需要对太平湾港区进行规划。采用定性定量结合、比选分析、数模试验等方法,分析得... 针对大连港太平湾港区选址问题,为弥补大连港腹地运距劣势、解决港产城矛盾、顺应辽宁省港口整合导向、助推东北振兴、优化运输布局、承接产业转移,迫切需要对太平湾港区进行规划。采用定性定量结合、比选分析、数模试验等方法,分析得知拟选址区域岸线开发弱,风、浪、潮汐条件优越,流场简单,水清沙少,海床稳定,基岩承载力高,水深条件好等特点,据此得出在太平角—太平角南岸线处,选定对应的水、陆域组成太平湾港区的规划建设范围的结果。太平湾港区将成为大连港的重要港区,是东北振兴和辽宁沿海经济带开发开放的重要支撑以及辽港整合、布局调整和转型升级的重要载体。 展开更多
关键词 大连港 港区 选址 太平湾 规划
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岳阳市国家森林城市建设规划研究 认领
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作者 王孟欣 《陕西林业科技》 2021年第1期90-93,共4页
本文从国家层面、湖南省层面对岳阳市国家森林城市建设的背景进行了分析,提出了岳阳“创森”的总体目标,以及“千年山水古郡,大美森林岳阳”的规划愿景。结合岳阳市自然条件及城市发展格局,规划形成“一核六极、一江一湖、三网多点”的... 本文从国家层面、湖南省层面对岳阳市国家森林城市建设的背景进行了分析,提出了岳阳“创森”的总体目标,以及“千年山水古郡,大美森林岳阳”的规划愿景。结合岳阳市自然条件及城市发展格局,规划形成“一核六极、一江一湖、三网多点”的全域空间总体布局。在此基础上,结合《国家森林城市评价指标》相关要求,设立“森林生态体系、森林健康体系、生态福利体系、生态文化体系和支撑保障体系”五大规划体系,有针对性地布局工程项目,稳步推进岳阳森林城市建设。 展开更多
关键词 岳阳市 国家森林城市 总体规划
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社会可持续视角下的历史街区保护更新策略——以法国图尔为例 认领
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作者 万婷婷 《城市发展研究》 CSCD 北大核心 2021年第1期94-103,共10页
历史街区社会价值和社会可持续性的目标主要体现在建设文化多样性和包容性社会上。这一研究角度对我国以社区为导向的小规模微更新实践探索尤为重要。因此选取法国图尔历史街区作为研究对象,通过对法国保护规划变革的阐释、现行图尔历... 历史街区社会价值和社会可持续性的目标主要体现在建设文化多样性和包容性社会上。这一研究角度对我国以社区为导向的小规模微更新实践探索尤为重要。因此选取法国图尔历史街区作为研究对象,通过对法国保护规划变革的阐释、现行图尔历史街区保护规划中地方身份的打造、人居环境质量的改善、社会的多元和包容等策略的解析及规划实施效果的评介,结合我国国情和实践提出三点借鉴:首先,应重视历史街区的社会价值——维护利益相关者在街区空间重构中的权利和公平;其次,保护规划应从单纯文物保护管理工具转向重视现实人居环境的社会—空间规划;再次,需注重街区发展的动态变化,迈向政策导向的精细化趋势管理。 展开更多
关键词 历史街区 保护更新 规划 社会价值 社会可持续性 策略
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山区城市道路规划设计要点 认领
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作者 耿占宇 王文红 王山川 《内蒙古公路与运输》 2021年第1期39-43,共5页
文章结合山区的具体特征,采用经验总结、定性分析与定量分析相结合等方法,从山区城市道路设计与规划的衔接、山区城市道路网的布局、“低影响”设计、道路与市政管线的统筹设计、桥涵标准的选取、交叉口的竖向规划设计等方面进行了论述... 文章结合山区的具体特征,采用经验总结、定性分析与定量分析相结合等方法,从山区城市道路设计与规划的衔接、山区城市道路网的布局、“低影响”设计、道路与市政管线的统筹设计、桥涵标准的选取、交叉口的竖向规划设计等方面进行了论述,以东黄山谭家桥国际小镇和承德临空经济区市政基础设施工程为例,总结山区城市道路规划设计要点,以期对类似工作提供一些技术参考。 展开更多
关键词 山区 城市道路 规划 设计
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