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Protective effects of organic extracts of Alpinia oxyphylla against hydrogen peroxide-induced cytotoxicity in PC12 cells 预览
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作者 Li-Hong Duan Meng Li +10 位作者 Chun-Bao Wang Qing-Mei Wang Quan-Quan Liu Wan-Feng Shang Ya-Jin Shen Zhuo-Hua Lin Tong-Yang Sun Zheng-Zhi Wu Ying-Hong Li Yu-Long Wang Xun Luo 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第4期682-689,共8页
Alpinia oxyphylla,a traditional herb,is widely used for its neuroprotective,antioxidant and memory-improving effects.However,the neuroprotective mechanisms of action of its active ingredients are unclear.In this study... Alpinia oxyphylla,a traditional herb,is widely used for its neuroprotective,antioxidant and memory-improving effects.However,the neuroprotective mechanisms of action of its active ingredients are unclear.In this study,we investigated the neuroprotective effects of various organic extracts of Alpinia oxyphylla on PC12 cells exposed to hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative injury in vitro.Alpinia oxyphylla was extracted three times with 95%ethanol(representing extracts 1–3).The third 95%ethanol extract was dried and resuspended in water,and then extracted successively with petroleum ether,ethyl acetate and n-butanol(representing extracts 4–6).The cell counting kit-8 assay and microscopy were used to evaluate cell viability and observe the morphology of PC12 cells.The protective effect of the three ethanol extracts(at tested concentrations of 50,100 and 200μg/mL)against cytotoxicity to PC12 cells increased in a concentration-dependent manner.The ethyl acetate,petroleum ether and n-butanol extracts(each tested at 100,150 and 200μg/mL)had neuroprotective effects as well.The optimum effective concentration ranged from 50–200μg/mL,and the protective effect of the ethyl acetate extract was comparatively robust.These results demonstrate that organic extracts of Alpinia oxyphylla protect PC12 cells against apoptosis induced by hydrogen peroxide.Our findings should help identify the bioactive neuroprotective components in Alpinia oxyphylla. 展开更多
关键词 active INGREDIENTS ALPINIA oxyphylla apoptosis ethanol crude extract fraction hydrogen PEROXIDE nerve regeneration NEUROPROTECTIVE agent NEUROPROTECTIVE effects PC12 cells traditional HERB
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Pathological significance of tRNA-derived small RNAs in neurological disorders 预览
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作者 Chuan Qin Pei-Pei Xu +7 位作者 Xin Zhang Chao Zhang Chang-Bin Liu De-Gang Yang Feng Gao Ming-Liang Yang Liang-Jie Du Jian-Jun Li 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第2期212-221,共10页
Non-coding RNAs(ncRNAs) are a type of RNA that is not translated into proteins. Transfer RNAs(tRNAs), a type of ncRNA, are the second most abundant type of RNA in cells. Recent studies have shown that tRNAs can be cle... Non-coding RNAs(ncRNAs) are a type of RNA that is not translated into proteins. Transfer RNAs(tRNAs), a type of ncRNA, are the second most abundant type of RNA in cells. Recent studies have shown that tRNAs can be cleaved into a heterogeneous population of ncRNAs with lengths of 18–40 nucleotides, known as tRNA-derived small RNAs(tsRNAs). There are two main types of tsRNA, based on their length and the number of cleavage sites that they contain: tRNA-derived fragments and tRNA-derived stress-induced RNAs. These RNA species were first considered to be byproducts of tRNA random cleavage. However, mounting evidence has demonstrated their critical functional roles as regulatory factors in the pathophysiological processes of various diseases, including neurological diseases. However, the underlying mechanisms by which tsRNAs affect specific cellular processes are largely unknown. Therefore, this study comprehensively summarizes the following points:(1) The biogenetics of tsRNA, including their discovery, classification, formation, and the roles of key enzymes.(2) The main biological functions of tsRNA, including its miRNA-like roles in gene expression regulation, protein translation regulation, regulation of various cellular activities, immune mediation, and response to stress.(3) The potential mechanisms of pathophysiological changes in neurological diseases that are regulated by tsRNA, including neurodegeneration and neurotrauma.(4) The identification of the functional diversity of tsRNA may provide valuable information regarding the physiological and pathophysiological mechanisms of neurological disorders, thus providing a new reference for the clinical treatment of neurological diseases. Research into tsRNAs in neurological diseases also has the following challenges: potential function and mechanism studies, how to accurately quantify expression, and the exact relationship between tsRNA and miRNA. These challenges require future research efforts. 展开更多
关键词 EPIGENETICS molecular biology NEUROLOGICAL disorders review sequencing STRESS tRNA tRNA-derived FRAGMENTS tRNA-derived small RNAs tRNA-derived stress-induced RNA
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Taking central nervous system regenerative therapies to the clinic:curing rodents versus nonhuman primates versus humans 预览
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作者 Magdalini Tsintou Kyriakos Dalamagkas Nikos Makris 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第3期425-437,共13页
The central nervous system is known to have limited regenerative capacity.Not only does this halt the human body’s reparative processes after central nervous system lesions,but it also impedes the establishment of ef... The central nervous system is known to have limited regenerative capacity.Not only does this halt the human body’s reparative processes after central nervous system lesions,but it also impedes the establishment of effective and safe therapeutic options for such patients.Despite the high prevalence of stroke and spinal cord injury in the general population,these conditions remain incurable and place a heavy burden on patients’families and on society more broadly.Neuroregeneration and neural engineering are diverse biomedical fields that attempt reparative treatments,utilizing stem cells-based strategies,biologically active molecules,nanotechnology,exosomes and highly tunable biodegradable systems(e.g.,certain hydrogels).Although there are studies demonstrating promising preclinical results,safe clinical translation has not yet been accomplished.A key gap in clinical translation is the absence of an ideal animal or ex vivo model that can perfectly simulate the human microenvironment,and also correspond to all the complex pathophysiological and neuroanatomical factors that affect functional outcomes in humans after central nervous system injury.Such an ideal model does not currently exist,but it seems that the nonhuman primate model is uniquely qualified for this role,given its close resemblance to humans.This review considers some regenerative therapies for central nervous system repair that hold promise for future clinical translation.In addition,it attempts to uncover some of the main reasons why clinical translation might fail without the implementation of nonhuman primate models in the research pipeline. 展开更多
关键词 animal models central nervous system regeneration clinical translation exosomes HYDROGELS neural tissue engineering nonhuman PRIMATES spinal cord injury stem cells stroke
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Therapeutic effect of regulating autophagy in spinal cord injury: a network meta-analysis of direct and indirect comparisons 预览
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作者 Duo Zhang Di Zhu +4 位作者 Fang Wang Ji-Chao Zhu Xu Zhai Yuan Yuan Chen-Xi Li 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第6期1120-1132,共13页
Objective:An increasing number of studies indicate that autophagy plays an important role in the pathogenesis of spinal cord injury,and that regulating autophagy can enhance recovery from spinal cord injury.However,th... Objective:An increasing number of studies indicate that autophagy plays an important role in the pathogenesis of spinal cord injury,and that regulating autophagy can enhance recovery from spinal cord injury.However,the effect of regulating autophagy and whether autophagy is detrimental or beneficial after spinal cord injury remain unclear.Therefore,in this study we evaluated the effects of autophagy regulation on spinal cord injury in rats by direct and indirect comparison,in an effort to provide a basis for further research.Data source:Relevant literature published from inception to February 1,2018 were included by searching Wanfang,CNKI,Web of Science,MEDLINE(OvidSP),PubMed and Google Scholar in English and Chinese.The keywords included"autophagy","spinal cord injury",and"rat".Data selection:The literature included in vivo experimental studies on autophagy regulation in the treatment of spinal cord injury(including intervention pre-and post-spinal cord injury).Meta-analyses were conducted at different time points to compare the therapeutic effects of promoting or inhibiting autophagy,and subgroup analyses were also conducted.Outcome measure:Basso,Beattie,and Bresnahan scores.Results:Of the 622 studies,33 studies of median quality were included in the analyses.Basso,Beattie,and Bresnahan scores were higher at 1 day(MD=1.80,95%CI:0.81-2.79,P=0.0004),3 days(MD=0.92,95%CI:0.72-1.13,P<0.00001),1 week(MD=2.39,95%CI:1.85-2.92,P<0.00001),2 weeks(MD=3.26,95%CI:2.40-4.13,P<0.00001),3 weeks(MD=3.13,95%CI:2.51-3.75,P<0.00001)and 4 weeks(MD=3.18,95%CI:2.43-3.92,P<0.00001)after spinal cord injury with upregulation of autophagy compared with the control group(drug solvent control,such as saline group).Basso,Beattie,and Bresnahan scores were higher at 1 day(MD=6.48,95%CI:5.83-7.13,P<0.00001),2 weeks(MD=2.43,95%CI:0.79-4.07,P=0.004),3 weeks(MD=2.96,95%CI:0.09-5.84,P=0.04)and 4 weeks(MD=4.41,95%CI:1.08-7.75,P=0.01)after spinal cord injury with downregulation of autophagy compared with the control group.Indirect comparison of upr 展开更多
关键词 AUTOPHAGY Basso Beattie and Bresnahan scores indirect comparison META-ANALYSIS nerve regeneration neural regeneration neurological function rat models REGULATION spinal cord injury strategy analysis
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Polymorphic ventricular tachycardia during phaseⅡcardiac rehabilitation in a patient with heart failure:a case report 预览
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作者 Hee-Eun Choi Chul Kim +5 位作者 Se-Heum Park Doo-Il Kim Ki-Hun Kim Dong-Kie Kim Seunghwan Kim Jino Park 《老年心脏病学杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第1期64-66,共3页
A 67-year-old man with a history of a prior cardiac arrest with ventricular fibrillation(VF)due to myocardial infarction underwent phase I(inpatient)and II(outpatient)cardiac rehabilitation(CR)exercise training.On the... A 67-year-old man with a history of a prior cardiac arrest with ventricular fibrillation(VF)due to myocardial infarction underwent phase I(inpatient)and II(outpatient)cardiac rehabilitation(CR)exercise training.On the 33th CR session,15 min after the start of exercise training,the patient had syncope with evidence of a polymorphic and wide QRS complex tachycardia on electrocardiogram(ECG)monitoring.The initiation of a polymorphic ventricular tachycardia was evidenced by the coupled premature ventricular complex observed in the ECG monitoring screen(Figure 1). 展开更多
关键词 Cardiac rehabilitation Heart failure Ventricular tachycardia
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Modified constraint-induced movement therapy alters synaptic plasticity of rat contralateral hippocampus following middle cerebral artery occlusion 预览
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作者 Bei-Yao Gao Dong-Sheng Xu +6 位作者 Pei-Le Liu Ce Li Liang Du Yan Hua Jian Hu Jia-Yun Hou Yu-Long Bai 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第6期1045-1057,共13页
Modified constraint-induced movement therapy is an effective treatment for neurological and motor impairments in patients with stroke by increasing the use of their affected limb and limiting the contralateral limb.Ho... Modified constraint-induced movement therapy is an effective treatment for neurological and motor impairments in patients with stroke by increasing the use of their affected limb and limiting the contralateral limb.However,the molecular mechanism underlying its efficacy remains unclear.In this study,a middle cerebral artery occlusion(MCAO)rat model was produced by the suture method.Rats received modified constraint-induced movement therapy 1 hour a day for 14 consecutive days,starting from the 7^th day after middle cerebral artery occlusion.Day 1 of treatment lasted for 10 minutes at 2r/min,day 2 for 20 minutes at 2 r/min,and from day 3 onward for 20 minutes at 4 r/min.CatWalk gait analysis,adhesive removal test,and Y-maze test were used to investigate motor function,sensory function as well as cognitive function in rodent animals from the 1st day before MCAO to the 21^st day after MCAO.On the 21^st day after MCAO,the neurotransmitter receptor-related genes from both contralateral and ipsilateral hippocampi were tested by micro-array and then verified by western blot assay.The glutamate related receptor was shown by transmission electron microscopy and the glutamate content was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography.The results of behavior tests showed that modified constraint-induced movement therapy promoted motor and sensory functional recovery in the middle cerebral artery-occluded rats,but had no effect on cognitive function.The modified constraint-induced movement therapy upregulated the expression of glutamate ionotropic receptor AMPA type subunit 3(Gria3)in the hippocampus and downregulated the expression of the beta3-adrenergic receptor gene Adrb3 and arginine vasopressin receptor 1 A,Avprla in the middle cerebral artery-occluded rats.In the ipsilateral hippocampus,only Adra2 a was downregulated,and there was no significant change in Gria3.Transmission electron microscopy revealed a denser distribution the more distribution of postsynaptic glutamate receptor 2/3,which is an a-amino-3-hydrox 展开更多
关键词 brain-derived neurotrophic factor glutamate HIPPOCAMPUS m CIMT middle cerebral artery occlusion modified constraint-induced movement therapy α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionic acid receptor
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Brain activation induced by different strengths of hand grasp:a functional magnetic resonance imaging study 预览
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作者 Hyeok Gyu Kwon Ju Sang Kim Mi Young Lee 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第5期875-879,共5页
Mirror neuron system can be activated by observation and execution of an action.It has an important function of action understanding.We investigated brain activations in humans by observing the strength of a hand gras... Mirror neuron system can be activated by observation and execution of an action.It has an important function of action understanding.We investigated brain activations in humans by observing the strength of a hand grasp using functional magnetic resonance imaging.Twenty right-handed healthy individuals,consisting of 10 males and 10 females,aged 22.40 ± 2.04 years,were recruited into this study from September to November 2017 via posters.Light hand grasp task video showed a hand lightly grasping and releasing a ball repeatedly.Powerful hand grasp task video showed a hand tightly grasping and releasing a ball repeatedly.Functional magnetic resonance imaging block design paradigm comprised five stimulation blocks alternating with five baseline blocks.Stimulation blocks were presented with two stimulus tasks,consisting of a light grasp and a powerful grasp.Region of interest was defined around the inferior parietal lobule,inferior frontal gyrus,and superior temporal sulcus which have been called mirror neuron system.The inferior parietal lobule,fusiform,postcentral,occipital,temporal,and frontal gyri were activated during light and powerful grasp tasks.The BOLD signal response of a powerful grasp was stronger than that of a light grasp.These results suggest that brain activation of the inferior parietal lobule,which is the core brain region of the mirror neuron system,was stronger in the powerful grasp task than in the light grasp task.We believe that our results might be helpful for instructing rehabilitation of brain injury.This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Daegu Oriental Hospital of Daegu Haany University on September 8,2017 (approval No.DHUMC-D-17020-PRO-01). 展开更多
关键词 BRAIN activation fMRI human BRAIN INFERIOR PARIETAL lobule light GRASP mirror NEURON system POWERFUL GRASP
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Electrical stimulation and denervated muscles after spinal cord injury 预览
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作者 Subhalakshmi Chandrasekaran John Davis +2 位作者 Ines Bersch Gary Goldberg Ashraf S.Gorgey 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第8期1397-1407,共11页
Spinal cord injury(SCI)population with injury below T10 or injury to the cauda equina region is characterized by denervated muscles,extensive muscle atrophy,infiltration of intramuscular fat and formation of fibrous t... Spinal cord injury(SCI)population with injury below T10 or injury to the cauda equina region is characterized by denervated muscles,extensive muscle atrophy,infiltration of intramuscular fat and formation of fibrous tissue.These morphological changes may put individuals with SCI at higher risk for developing other diseases such as various cardiovascular diseases,diabetes,obesity and osteoporosis.Currently,there is no available rehabilitation intervention to rescue the muscles or restore muscle size in SCI individuals with lower motor neuron denervation.We,hereby,performed a review of the available evidence that supports the use of electrical stimulation in restoration of denervated muscle following SCI.Long pulse width stimulation(LPWS)technique is an upcoming method of stimulating denervated muscles.Our primary objective is to explore the best stimulation paradigms(stimulation parameters,stimulation technique and stimulation wave)to achieve restoration of the denervated muscle.Stimulation parameters,such as the pulse duration,need to be 100–1000 times longer than in innervated muscles to achieve desirable excitability and contraction.The use of electrical stimulation in animal and human models induces muscle hypertrophy.Findings in animal models indicate that electrical stimulation,with a combination of exercise and pharmacological interventions,have proven to be effective in improving various aspects like relative muscle weight,muscle cross sectional area,number of myelinated regenerated fibers,and restoring some level of muscle function.Human studies have shown similar outcomes,identifying the use of LPWS as an effective strategy in increasing muscle cross sectional area,the size of muscle fibers,and improving muscle function.Therefore,displaying promise is an effective future stimulation intervention.In summary,LPWS is a novel stimulation technique for denervated muscles in humans with SCI.Successful studies on LPWS of denervated muscles will help in translating this stimulation technique to the clinical le 展开更多
关键词 DENERVATION DXA electrical stimulation LMN injury LPWS MRI spinal cord injury stimulation parameters
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Clinical Study on CT-guided Modified Akupotomye in the Treatment of Lumbar Nerve Posterior Branch Compression 预览
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作者 乔晋琳 李金牛 +3 位作者 林井副 汲广成 向东东 沈红星 《世界中西医结合杂志(英文)》 2020年第1期26-31,共6页
Objective: To observe the clinical effect of modified akupotomye closed lysis under CT guidance on compression of posterior lumbar nerve branch.Methods: Patients were diagnosed by HRCT 3-D reconstruction combined with... Objective: To observe the clinical effect of modified akupotomye closed lysis under CT guidance on compression of posterior lumbar nerve branch.Methods: Patients were diagnosed by HRCT 3-D reconstruction combined with clinical symptoms and signs.After HRCT three-dimensional reconstruction combined with clinical symptoms and signs, the patients were confirmed as posterior lumbar nerve compression.After CT accurate surface positioning, CT-guided modified akupotomye was used for closed lysis of the posterior lumbar nerve branch.Oswestry Dysfunction Index Questionnaire(ODI) was used for quantitative scoring, 7 days before and after treatment and 6 months after treatment.Results: In 62 cases, 20 cases were cured, with 25 cases markedly effective, 11 cases effective, and 36 cases ineffective.The total effective rate was 90.3%.ODI score: Self-paired t test 7 days before after treatment, P < 0.01;Before treatment and 6 months after treatment, self-paired t test(P < 0.01);Self-paired t-test was performed 7 days after treatment and 6 months after treatment(P > 0.05).Conclusion: With CT precise positioning, the modified akupotomye can be used to do closed lysis, to relieve the adhesion and compression, so that the low back pain can be relieved, with good clinical.The akupotomye closed lysis, combined with modern imaging technology has not only achieved good clinical effect, but also can improve the accuracy, safety and scientificity of akupotomye treatment. 展开更多
关键词 Compression of posterior branch of lumbar nerve Akupotomye CT Three-dimensional reconstruction
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Neuroprotective mechanism of TMP269, a selective class ⅡA histone deacetylase inhibitor, after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury 预览
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作者 Lu Su Dan Liang +3 位作者 Shen-Yi Kuang Qiang Dong Xiang Han Zheng Wang 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第2期277-284,共8页
TMP269 is a selective class ⅡA histone deacetylase inhibitor that has a protective effect on the central nervous system, whose specific mechanism of action is unclear. We aimed to reveal the optimal concentration of ... TMP269 is a selective class ⅡA histone deacetylase inhibitor that has a protective effect on the central nervous system, whose specific mechanism of action is unclear. We aimed to reveal the optimal concentration of TMP269 for protecting against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury and its neuroprotective mechanism. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham, ischemia/reperfusion, and 1, 4, 10 and 16 mg/kg TMP269 groups. Cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion. TMP269 was intraperitoneally administered at different doses 0.5 hours before ischemia induction. Western blot assay and immunohistochemistry were used to detect effects of TMP269 on histone 2 acetylation. The results showed that the level of histone 2 acetylation was increased 24 hours after TMP269 injection. 2,3,5-Triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining was utilized to examine effect of TMP269 on infarct volume. The results found that different doses of TMP269 could reduce the infarct volume. Western blot assay, immunohistochemistry and Evans blue staining were employed to measure the effect of TMP269 on blood-brain barrier. The results showed that TMP269 counteracted the abnormal endothelial cell permeability changes caused by cerebral ischemia/reperfusion. Western blot assay and immunohistochemistry were used to determine the effect of TMP269 on tissue kallikrein. The results found that TMP269 up-regulated the expression of tissue kallikrein. Western blot assay further determined the optimal concentration to be 4 mg/kg. In conclusion, TMP269 plays a neuroprotective role by up-regulating the level of histone 2 acetylation, alleviating endothelial cell injury after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion, and up-regulating the expression of tissue kallikrein. The experimental protocol was approved in 2014 by the Department of Laboratory Animal Science, Fudan University, China(approval No. 20140143 C001). 展开更多
关键词 blood-brain barrier drug treatment endothelial cell permeability HISTONE DEACETYLASE inhibitor NEUROPROTECTION stroke tissue KALLIKREIN TMP269
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Effect of stromal cell-derived factor-1/CXCR4 axis in neural stem cell transplantation for Parkinson’s disease 预览
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作者 Jiao-Tian Xu Yuan Qian +7 位作者 Wei Wang Xiao-Xiang Chen Yang Li Yu Li Zhi-Yong Yang Xiao-Bin Song Di Lu Xing-Li Deng 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第1期112-119,共8页
Previous studies have shown that neural stem cell transplantation has the potential to treat Parkinson’s disease,but its specific mechanism of action is still unclear.Stromal cell-derived factor-1 and its receptor,ch... Previous studies have shown that neural stem cell transplantation has the potential to treat Parkinson’s disease,but its specific mechanism of action is still unclear.Stromal cell-derived factor-1 and its receptor,chemokine receptor 4(CXCR4),are important regulators of cell migration.We speculated that the CXCR4/stromal cell-derived factor 1 axis may be involved in the therapeutic effect of neural stem cell transplantation in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease.A Parkinson’s disease rat model was injected with 6-hydroxydopamine via the right ascending nigrostriatal dopaminergic pathway,and then treated with 5μL of neural stem cell suspension(1.5×104/L)in the right substantia nigra.Rats were intraperitoneally injected once daily for 3 days with 1.25 mL/kg of the CXCR4 antagonist AMD3100 to observe changes after neural stem cell transplantation.Parkinson-like behavior in rats was detected using apomorphine-induced rotation.Immunofluorescence staining was used to determine the immunoreactivity of tyrosine hydroxylase,CXCR4,and stromal cell-derived factor-1 in the brain.Using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction,the mRNA expression of stromal cell-derived factor-1 and CXCR4 in the right substantia nigra were measured.In addition,western blot assays were performed to analyze the protein expression of stromal cell-derived factor-1 and CXCR4.Our results demonstrated that neural stem cell transplantation noticeably reduced apomorphine-induced rotation,increased the mRNA and protein expression of stromal cell-derived factor-1 and CXCR4 in the right substantia nigra,and enhanced the immunoreactivity of tyrosine hydroxylase,CXCR4,and stromal cell-derived factor-1 in the brain.Injection of AMD3100 inhibited the aforementioned effects.These findings suggest that the stromal cell-derived factor-1/CXCR4 axis may play a significant role in the therapeutic effect of neural stem cell transplantation in a rat model of Parkinson’s disease.This study was approved by the Animal Care and Use Committee of Kunming 展开更多
关键词 AMD3100 CORPUS STRIATUM CXCR4 neural stem cells Parkinson’s disease STROMAL cell-derived factor-1 substantia nigra
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Action of trichostatin A on Alzheimer’s disease-like pathological changes in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells 预览
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作者 Li-Hua Li Wen-Na Peng +2 位作者 Yu Deng1 Jing-Jing Li Xiang-Rong Tian 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第2期293-301,共9页
The histone deacetylase inhibitor, trichostatin A, is used to treat Alzheimer’s disease and can improve learning and memory but its underlying mechanism of action is unknown. To determine whether the therapeutic effe... The histone deacetylase inhibitor, trichostatin A, is used to treat Alzheimer’s disease and can improve learning and memory but its underlying mechanism of action is unknown. To determine whether the therapeutic effect of trichostatin A on Alzheimer’s disease is associated with the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2(Nrf2) and Kelch-like epichlorohydrin-related protein-1(Keap1) signaling pathway, amyloid β-peptide 25–35(Aβ25–35) was used to induce Alzheimer’s disease-like pathological changes in SH-SY5 Y neuroblastoma cells. Cells were then treated with trichostatin A. The effects of trichostatin A on the expression of Keap1 and Nrf2 were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blot assays and immunofluorescence. Total antioxidant capacity and autophagy activity were evaluated by total antioxidant capacity assay kit and light chain 3-I/II levels, respectively. We found that trichostatin A increased cell viability and Nrf2 expression, and decreased Keap1 expression in SH-SY5 Y cells. Furthermore, trichostatin A increased the expression of Nrf2-related target genes, such as superoxide dismutase, NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 and glutathione S-transferase, thereby increasing the total antioxidant capacity of SH-SY5 Y cells and inhibiting amyloid β-peptide-induced autophagy. Knockdown of Keap1 in SH-SY5 Y cells further increased trichostatin A-induced Nrf2 expression. These results indicate that the therapeutic effect of trichostatin A on Alzheimer’s disease is associated with the Keap1-Nrf2 pathway. The mechanism for this action may be that trichostatin A increases cell viability and the antioxidant capacity of SH-SY5 Y cells by alleviating Keap1-mediated inhibition Nrf2 signaling, thereby alleviating amyloid β-peptide-induced cell damage. 展开更多
关键词 Alzheimer's disease amyloid-β peptide autophagy KEAP1 signal neurocytotoxicity oxidative stress damage SH-SY5Y cells total antioxidant capacity transcription factor Nrf2 TSA
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Altered Brain Regional Homogeneity Following Contralateral Acupuncture at Quchi (LI 11) and Zusanli (ST 36) in Ischemic Stroke Patients with Left Hemiplegia: An fMRI Study
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作者 CHEN Shu-qi CAI De-chun +2 位作者 CHEN Ji-xin YANG Han LIU Lian-sheng 《中国结合医学杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第1期20-25,共6页
Objective: To study the effect of contralateral acupuncture(CAT) at acupoints of Quchi(LI 11) and Zusanli(ST 36) on the unaffected limbs of ischemic stroke patients with left hemiplegia based on regional homogeneity(R... Objective: To study the effect of contralateral acupuncture(CAT) at acupoints of Quchi(LI 11) and Zusanli(ST 36) on the unaffected limbs of ischemic stroke patients with left hemiplegia based on regional homogeneity(ReHo) indices. Methods: Ten ischemic stroke patients with left hemiplegia received CAT on right side at LI 11 and ST 36. Functional magnetic resonance imaging(fMRI) was performed before and after acupuncture. A ReHo analytical method was used to compare brain responses of patients before and after CAT operated by REST software. Results: The stimulation at both LI 11 and ST 36 on the unaffected limbs produced significantly different neural activities. CAT elicited increased ReHo values at the right precentral gyrus and superior frontal gyrus, decreased ReHo value at right superior parietal lobule, left fusiform gyrus and left supplementary motor area. Conclusions: Acupuncture at one side could stimulate bilateral regions. CAT could evoke the gyrus which was possibly related to motor recovery from stroke. A promising indicator of neurobiological deficiencies could be represented by ReHo values in post-stroke patients. 展开更多
关键词 contralateral acupuncture ischemic stroke functional magnetic resonance imaging regional homogeneity
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor mediates macrophage migration inhibitory factor to protect neurons against oxygen-glucose deprivation 预览
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作者 Su Hwan Bae Mi Ran Yoo +4 位作者 Ye Yeong Kim In Kyung Hong Mi Hee Kim Seung Hak Lee Dae Yul Kim 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第8期1483-1489,共7页
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor(MIF)is a chemokine that plays an essential role in immune system function.Previous studies suggested that MIF protects neurons in ischemic conditions.However,few studies are repo... Macrophage migration inhibitory factor(MIF)is a chemokine that plays an essential role in immune system function.Previous studies suggested that MIF protects neurons in ischemic conditions.However,few studies are reported on the role of MIF in neurological recovery after ischemic stroke.The purpose of this study is to identify the molecular mechanism of neuroprotection mediated by MIF.Human neuroblastoma cells were incubated in Dulbecco’s modified Eagle’s medium under oxygen-glucose deprivation(OGD)for 4 hours and then returned to normal aerobic environment for reperfusion(OGD/R).30 ng/mL MIF recombinant(30 ng/mL)or ISO-1(MIF antagonist;50μM)was administered to human neuroblastoma cells.Then cell cultures were assigned to one of four groups:control,OGD/R,OGD/R with MIF,OGD/R with ISO-1.Cell viability was analyzed using WST-1 assay.Expression levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor(BDNF),microtubule-associated protein 2(MAP2),Caspase-3,Bcl2,and Bax were detected by western blot assay and immunocytochemistry in each group to measure apoptotic activity.WST-1 assay results revealed that compared to the OGD/R group,cell survival rate was significantly higher in the OGD/R with MIF group and lower in the OGD/R with ISO-1 group.Western blot assay and immunocytochemistry results revealed that expression levels of BDNF,Bcl2,and MAP2 were significantly higher,and expression levels of Caspase-3 and Bax were significantly lower in the MIF group than in the OGD/R group.Expression levels of BDNF,Bcl2,and MAP2 were significantly lower,and expression levels of Caspase-3 and Bax were significantly higher in the ISO-1 group than in the OGD/R group.MIF administration promoted neuronal cell survival and induced high expression levels of BDNF,MAP2,and Bcl2(anti-apoptosis)and low expression levels of Caspase-3 and Bax(pro-apoptosis)in an OGD/R model.These results suggest that MIF administration is effective for inducing expression of BDNF and leads to neuroprotection of neuronal cells against hypoxic injury. 展开更多
关键词 apoptosis brain-derived neurotrophic factor HYPOXIA in vitro ischemic stroke macrophage migration inhibitory factor nerve regeneration neuroprotective effect REPERFUSION
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Aphasia rehabilitation based on mirror neuron theory:a randomized-block-design study of neuropsychology and functional magnetic resonance imaging 预览
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作者 Wen-Li Chen Qian Ye +5 位作者 Si-Cong Zhang Yang Xia Xi Yang Ti-Fei Yuan Chun-Lei Shan Jian-An Li 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第6期1004-1012,共9页
When watching someone performs an action,mirror neurons are activated in a way that is very similar to the activation that occurs when actually performing that action.Previous single-sample case studies indicate that ... When watching someone performs an action,mirror neurons are activated in a way that is very similar to the activation that occurs when actually performing that action.Previous single-sample case studies indicate that hand-action observation training may lead to activation and remodeling of mirror neuron systems,which include important language centers,and may improve language function in aphasia patients.In this randomized-block-design experiment,we recruited 24 aphasia patients from,Zhongda Hospital,Southeast University,China.The patients were divided into three groups where they underwent hand-action observation and repetition,dynamic-object observation and repetition,or conventional speech therapy.Training took place 5 days per week,35 minutes per day,for 2 weeks.We assessed language function via picture naming tests for objects and actions and the Western Aphasia Battery.Among the participants,one patient,his wife and four healthy student volunteers underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging to analyze changes in brain activation during hand-action observation and dynamic-object observation.Results demonstrated that,compared with dynamic-object observation,hand-action observation led to greater performance with respect to the aphasia quotient and affiliated naming sub-tests and a greater Western Aphasia Battery test score.The overall effect was similar to that of conventional aphasia training,yet hand-action observation had advantages compared with conventional training in terms of vocabulary extraction and spontaneous speech.Thus,hand-action observation appears to more strongly activate the mirror neuron system compared with dynamic-object observation.The activated areas included Broca’s area,Wernicke’s area,and the supramarginal gyrus.These results suggest that hand-action observation combined with repetition might better improve language function in aphasia patients compared with dynamic-object observation combined with repetition.The therapeutic mechanism of this intervention may be associated wi 展开更多
关键词 nerve REGENERATION mirror NEURON hand-action observation APHASIA REHABILITATION stroke functional magnetic resonance imaging NEUROPSYCHOLOGY neural REGENERATION
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Effects of combined rTMS and visual feedback on the rehabilitation of supernumerary phantom limbs in a patient with spinal cord injury: A case report 预览
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作者 Yin-Shan Lu Pei Tong +3 位作者 Tie-Cheng Guo Xin-Hua Ding Song Zhang Xiu-Juan Zhang 《世界临床病例杂志》 2019年第19期3120-3125,共6页
BACKGROUND Supernumerary phantom limb(SPL)caused by spinal cord injury(SCI)has previously been reported in several studies.However,the mechanisms and management of SPL in SCI patients are still not fully understood.He... BACKGROUND Supernumerary phantom limb(SPL)caused by spinal cord injury(SCI)has previously been reported in several studies.However,the mechanisms and management of SPL in SCI patients are still not fully understood.Herein,we report a rare case of SPL in a patient with incomplete SCI.CASE SUMMARY A 46-year-old man complained of four hands 7 d after SCI.He was diagnosed with SPL complicated with actual limb neuropathic pain.Following a period of treatment with neurotrophic agents and Chinese traditional and analgesic medications,SPL symptoms and actual limb pain did not improve.However,his symptoms gradually lessened after combined treatment with high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation(rTMS),a promising neuromodulation technique,over the M1 cortex and visual feedback.After 7 wk of this treatment,SPL disappeared completely and actual limb pain was significantly relieved.CONCLUSION Cerebral plasticity changes may be a mechanism underlying the occurrence of non-painful SPL in SCI patients,and high-frequency rTMS applied to the M1 cortex could be a promising treatment method for SPL. 展开更多
关键词 SUPERNUMERARY PHANTOM LIMB Spinal cord injury REPETITIVE TRANSCRANIAL magnetic stimulation Visual feedback Case report
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Modulatory effect of International Standard Scalp Acupuncture on brain activation in the elderly as revealed by resting-state fMRI 预览
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作者 Wai-Yeung Chung Song-Yan Liu +7 位作者 Jing-Chun Gao Yi-Jing Jiang Jing Zhang Shan-Shan Qu Ji-Ping Zhang Xiao-Long Tan Jun-Qi Chen Sheng-Xu Wang 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第12期2126-2131,共6页
The specific mechanisms by which acupuncture affects the central nervous system are unclear. In the International Standard Scalp Acupuncture system, acupuncture needles are applied at the middle line of the vertex, an... The specific mechanisms by which acupuncture affects the central nervous system are unclear. In the International Standard Scalp Acupuncture system, acupuncture needles are applied at the middle line of the vertex, anterior parietal-temporal oblique line, and the posterior parietal-temporal oblique line. We conducted a single-arm prospective clinical trial in which seven healthy elderly volunteers (three men and four women;50–70 years old) received International Standard Scalp Acupuncture at MS5 (the mid-sagittal line between Baihui (DU20) and Qianding (DU21)), the left MS6 (line joining Sishencong (EX-HN1) and Xuanli (GB6)), and the left MS7 (line joining DU20 and Qubin (GB7)). After acupuncture, resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated changes in the fractional amplitude of low frequency fluctuations and regional homogeneity in various areas, showing remarkable enhancement of regional homogeneity in the bilateral anterior cingulate, left medial frontal gyrus, supramarginal gyrus, right middle frontal gyrus, and inferior frontal gyrus. Functional connectivity based on a seed region at the right middle frontal gyrus (42, 51, 9) decreased at the bilateral medial superior frontal gyrus. Our data preliminarily indicates that the international standard scalp acupuncture in healthy elderly participants specifcally enhances the correlation between the brain regions involved in cognition and implementation of the brain network regulation system and the surrounding adjacent brain regions. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the China-Japan Union Hospital at Jilin University, China, on July 18, 2016 (approval No. 2016ks043). 展开更多
关键词 nerve REGENERATION RESTING-STATE FUNCTIONAL magnetic resonance imaging International Standard SCALP Acupuncture acupoint specificity brain FUNCTIONAL CONNECTIVITY healthy elderly volunteers low frequency fluctuation regional homogeneity FUNCTIONAL CONNECTIVITY neural REGENERATION
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Electrical Stimulation in Addition to Passive Exercise Has a Small Effect on Spasticity and Range of Motion in Bedridden Elderly Patients: A Pilot Randomized Crossover Study 预览
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作者 Hideki Kataoka Shunpei Nakashima +7 位作者 Hideki Aoki Kyo Goto Junichiro Yamashita Yuichiro Honda Yasutaka Kondo Tatsuya Hirase Junya Sakamoto Minoru Okita 《健康(英文)》 2019年第8期1072-1086,共15页
Purpose: Belt electrode skeletal muscle electrical stimulation (B-SES) can stimulate large portions of muscles including deep sites without localisation of the stimulation area. The purpose of this study is to investi... Purpose: Belt electrode skeletal muscle electrical stimulation (B-SES) can stimulate large portions of muscles including deep sites without localisation of the stimulation area. The purpose of this study is to investigate both immediate treatment effects of B-SES and long-term treatment effects of B-SES with passive exercise on range of motion (ROM) and muscle tone of lower extremities in bedridden elderly patients. Methods: Outcome measures before and after B-SES treatment alone (4 Hz, 20 min, both lower extremities) were examined for the immediate effect. Outcome measures were: ROM and Modified Ashworth scale (MAS) of hip flexion and adduction;knee flexion and extension;and knee joint distance at position of flexion abduction in hip (distance of knee). A randomized crossover trial was conducted to examine the long-term effect of adding B-SES to passive exercise on ROM and MAS. Results and Discussion: The immediate effect study had 18 patients. ROM and MAS of 4 joint angles in 2 joints and distance of knee significantly improved after B-SES treatment. The long-term effect study had 11 patients. Friedman test revealed ROM and MAS of 4 joint angles in 2 joints and distance of knee significantly improved during B-SES intervention but not control intervention. B-SES in addition to passive stretch has a more statistically significant effect on contracture and spasticity in large portions of the lower extremities of bedridden elderly patients than passive stretching alone. Conclusions: We consider B-SES a useful tool to improve the ROM in lower extremities of bedridden patients. 展开更多
关键词 BEDRIDDEN Patients Belt Electrode SKELETAL MUSCLE Electrical Stimulation Lower EXTREMITY MUSCLE Tone RESTRICTION of Range of Joint Motion
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Paired associative stimulation improves synaptic plasticity and functional outcomes after cerebral ischemia 预览
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作者 Yan Hu Tie-Cheng Guo +2 位作者 Xiang-Yu Zhang Jun Tian Yin-Shan Lu 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第11期1968-1976,共9页
Paired associative stimulation is a relatively new non-invasive brain stimulation technique that combines transcranial magnetic stimulation and peripheral nerve stimulation. The effects of paired associative stimulati... Paired associative stimulation is a relatively new non-invasive brain stimulation technique that combines transcranial magnetic stimulation and peripheral nerve stimulation. The effects of paired associative stimulation on the excitability of the cerebral cortex can vary according to the time interval between the transcranial magnetic stimulation and peripheral nerve stimulation. We established a model of cerebral ischemia in rats via transient middle cerebral artery occlusion. We administered paired associative stimulation with a frequency of 0.05 Hz 90 times over 4 weeks. We then evaluated spatial learning and memory using the Morris water maze. Changes in the cerebral ultra-structure and synaptic plasticity were assessed via transmission electron microscopy and a 64-channel multi-electrode array. We measured mRNA and protein expression levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor 1 in the hippocampus using a real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot assay. Paired associative stimulation treatment significantly improved learning and memory in rats subjected to cerebral ischemia. The ultra-structures of synapses in the CA1 area of the hippocampus in rats subjected to cerebral ischemia were restored by paired associative stimulation. Long-term potentiation at synapses in the CA3 and CA1 regions of the hippocampus was enhanced as well. The protein and mRNA expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor 1 increased after paired associative stimulation treatment. These data indicate that paired associative stimulation can protect cog-nition after cerebral ischemia. The observed effect may be mediated by increases in the mRNA and protein expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor 1, and by enhanced synaptic plasticity in the CA1 area of the hippocampus. The animal experiments were approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science & Technology, China(appr 展开更多
关键词 cerebral ischemia paired ASSOCIATIVE stimulation cognitive function long-term POTENTIATION SYNAPTIC plasticity Morris water maze SYNAPTIC structure N-methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor BRAIN-DERIVED NEUROTROPHIC factor MULTI-ELECTRODE array neural regeneration
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Treatment of laryngopharyngeal reflux disease: A systematic review 预览
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作者 Jerome R Lechien Francois Mouawad +7 位作者 Maria R Barillari Andrea Nacci Seyyedeh Maryam Khoddami Necati Enver Sampath Kumar Raghunandhan Christian Calvo-Henriquez Young-Gyu Eun Sven Saussez 《世界临床病例杂志》 2019年第19期2995-3011,共17页
BACKGROUNG For a long time,laryngopharyngeal reflux disease(LPRD)has been treated by proton pump inhibitors(PPIs)with an uncertain success rate.AIM To shed light the current therapeutic strategies used for LPRD in ord... BACKGROUNG For a long time,laryngopharyngeal reflux disease(LPRD)has been treated by proton pump inhibitors(PPIs)with an uncertain success rate.AIM To shed light the current therapeutic strategies used for LPRD in order to analysis the rationale in the LPRD treatment.METHODS Three authors conducted a PubMed search to identify papers published between January 1990 and February 2019 about the treatment of LPRD.Clinical prospective or retrospective studies had to explore the impact of medical treatment(s)on the clinical presentation of suspected or confirmed LPRD.The criteria for considering studies for the review were based on the population,intervention,comparison,and outcome framework.RESULTS The search identified 1355 relevant papers,of which 76 studies met the inclusion criteria,accounting for 6457 patients.A total of 64 studies consisted of empirical therapeutic trials and 12 were studies where authors formally identified LPRD with pH-monitoring or multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH monitoring(MII-pH).The main therapeutic scheme consisted of once or twice daily PPIs for a duration ranged from 4 to 24 wk.The most used PPIs were omeprazole,esomeprazole,rabeprazole,lansoprazole and pantoprazole with a success rate ranging from 18%to 87%.Other composite treatments have been prescribed including PPIs,alginate,prokinetics,and H2 Receptor antagonists.CONCLUSION Regarding the development of MII-pH and the identification of LPRD subtypes(acid,nonacid,mixed),future studies are needed to improve the LPRD treatment considering all subtypes of reflux. 展开更多
关键词 Laryngopharyngeal REFLUX LARYNGITIS TREATMENT PROTON PUMP INHIBITORS
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