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Objective Fitting Evaluation Model for Dressing Fit Based on Wrinkle Index of Dressing Image 预览
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作者 张蒙蒙 庄梅玲 张晓枫 《东华大学学报:英文版》 EI CAS 2019年第1期37-45,共9页
An effective model(image to wrinkle, ITW) for garment fitting evaluation is presented. The proposed model is to improve the accuracy of garment fitting evaluation based on dressing image. The ITW model is an objective... An effective model(image to wrinkle, ITW) for garment fitting evaluation is presented. The proposed model is to improve the accuracy of garment fitting evaluation based on dressing image. The ITW model is an objective evaluation model of fitting based on the wrinkle index of dressing image. The ITW model consists of two main steps, the gray curve-fitting(GCF) threshold segmentation algorithm and Canny edge detection algorithm. In the ITW model, three types of wrinkle trends are defined. And the network dressing image is evaluated and simulated by three quantitative indexes: wrinkle number, wrinkle regularity and wrinkle unevenness. Finally, the fitness of three kinds of dress effects(tight, fit and loose) is quantified by objective fitting evaluation model. 展开更多
关键词 objective FITTING evaluation model IMAGE to wrinkle(ITW) DRESSING IMAGE WRINKLES INDEX
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The use of“Objective Correlative”Theory in T.S. Eliot’s The Love Song of J.Alfred Prufrock 预览
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作者 狄思云 《海外英语》 2019年第9期173-174,176共3页
“Objective Correlative”theory was first proposed by T.S. Eliot, who holds that people’s emotion can find expression in a series of objective correlative. In his poem The Love Song of J.Alfred Prufrock, the use of o... “Objective Correlative”theory was first proposed by T.S. Eliot, who holds that people’s emotion can find expression in a series of objective correlative. In his poem The Love Song of J.Alfred Prufrock, the use of objective correlative fully reflects and reveals modern people’s loneliness, futility and alienation. 展开更多
关键词 objective correlative”theory T.S ELIOT the love song of J.Alfred PRUFROCK ALLUSION FUTILITY alienation
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经验与启示:以奥运会为导向的英国运动员跨项选材 预览
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作者 姜志远 张莉清 《沈阳体育学院学报》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第2期72-77,共6页
英国自2007年开始实施的跨项选材已经成为其运动员人才选拔和培养体系的重要组成部分。运用文献资料法,对英国跨项选材的实施目标、过程特征和效果进行梳理。研究发现:英国跨项选材的实施目标以奥运会取得优异成绩为靶点,填补竞技体育... 英国自2007年开始实施的跨项选材已经成为其运动员人才选拔和培养体系的重要组成部分。运用文献资料法,对英国跨项选材的实施目标、过程特征和效果进行梳理。研究发现:英国跨项选材的实施目标以奥运会取得优异成绩为靶点,填补竞技体育优秀人才缺口,为天赋运动员提供"第二次机会"。英国跨项选材实施的过程特征包括各实施机构协同合作,运动项目的遴选依据明确,宣传途径广泛多样,选材各阶段侧重点突出。英国跨项选材已经取得了一定效果,但仍缺乏明确的基本评价标准。我国跨界跨项选材应该建立实施机构的分工协作机制,组建高标准跨项选材团队,设计激励政策发掘优秀人才,建立明确的选材效果评价目标。 展开更多
关键词 奥运会 跨项选材 英国体育局 目标 过程
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新中国成立70年来高校思想政治教育目标的历史沿革与现代审视 预览
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作者 廖宇婧 李银霞 《江汉大学学报:社会科学版》 2019年第4期118-125,129共9页
高校思想政治教育目标具有历史性和时代性,不同时期随着党和国家中心任务的变化而有着不一样的表达。新时代高校思想政治教育目标演变成培养担当民族复兴大任的时代新人,它是对“四有”新人目标的继承与深化,具有时代内涵,体现新的变化... 高校思想政治教育目标具有历史性和时代性,不同时期随着党和国家中心任务的变化而有着不一样的表达。新时代高校思想政治教育目标演变成培养担当民族复兴大任的时代新人,它是对“四有”新人目标的继承与深化,具有时代内涵,体现新的变化和要求。构建新时代高校思想政治教育的目标体系,可以从目标指向、目标内容、目标要求、目标实现四个维度来进行探索。 展开更多
关键词 目标 高校思想政治教育 新时代
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Evolutionary many objective optimization based on bidirectional decomposition 预览
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作者 LYU Chengzhong LI Weimin 《系统工程与电子技术:英文版》 SCIE EI CSCD 2019年第2期319-326,共8页
The decomposition based approach decomposes a multi-objective problem into a series of single objective subproblems, which are optimized along contours towards the ideal point. But non-dominated solutions cannot sprea... The decomposition based approach decomposes a multi-objective problem into a series of single objective subproblems, which are optimized along contours towards the ideal point. But non-dominated solutions cannot spread uniformly, since the Pareto front shows different features, such as concave and convex. To improve the distribution uniformity of non-dominated solutions, a bidirectional decomposition based approach that constructs two search directions is proposed to provide a uniform distribution no matter what features problems have. Since two populations along two search directions show differently on diversity and convergence, an adaptive neighborhood selection approach is presented to choose suitable parents for the offspring generation. In order to avoid the problem of the shrinking search region caused by the close distance of the ideal and nadir points, a reference point update approach is presented. The performance of the proposed algorithm is validated with four state-of-the-art algorithms. Experimental results demonstrate the superiority of the proposed algorithm on all considered test problems. 展开更多
关键词 MANY objective optimization BIDIRECTIONAL DECOMPOSITION REFERENCE UPDATE EVOLUTIONARY algorithm
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Water Cooperation Priorities in the Lancang-Mekong River Basin Based on Cooperative Events Since the Mekong River Commission Establishment 预览
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作者 FENG Yan WANG Wenling +2 位作者 SUMAN Daniel YU Shiwei HE Daming 《中国地理科学:英文版》 SCIE CSCD 2019年第1期58-69,共12页
The Lancang-Mekong River has attracted much attention from researchers, but the cooperation on water issues in this river basin has been limited, even after the establishment of the Mekong River Commission(MRC). Coope... The Lancang-Mekong River has attracted much attention from researchers, but the cooperation on water issues in this river basin has been limited, even after the establishment of the Mekong River Commission(MRC). Cooperation on water resources has been determined as one of the key priority areas in the Lancang-Mekong Cooperation Mechanism, but there are no details of targets. In order to establish the priorities of water cooperation under the mechanism, we adopted nine categories to classify the objectives of 87 water cooperation events based on the ‘Lancang-Mekong Water Cooperative Events Database’ from 1995 to 2015. Based on the occurrence of cooperative events, cooperative objectives, cooperative scales, and approaches to cooperation, we conducted statistical, correlation, and text analyses. Our analyses indicated the following results: under the impact of economic conditions inside and outside the river basin, full cooperation appeared more difficult than bilateral and multilateral cooperation. Each of the partners adopted different preferences for cooperation targets. Cooperation with more definite objectives was easier to establish than cooperation with broader and more complex objectives. The potential objectives for water cooperation were navigation, hydropower, joint management, data sharing, flood control and water use. Because hydropower development is controversial, and because water cooperation is avoided by most existing regional cooperation mechanisms due to its complexity, we suggest the following priority areas for water cooperation in the Lancang-Mekong River Basin. 1) Navigation and flood control/drought relief are attractive objectives for all the riparian countries across the whole watershed. 2) Data sharing should be a priority for cooperation in the watershed due to its laying the foundation for the equitable and reasonable utilization of transboundary waters. 3) Hydropower is an objective best implemented mainly through bilateral cooperation, and on tributaries. 展开更多
关键词 water COOPERATION objective COOPERATIVE scale the Lancang-Mekong RIVER riparian country MEKONG RIVER COMMISSION
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Towards a simple and safe Objective Caml compiling framework for the synchronous language SIGNAL
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作者 Zhibin YANG Jean-Paul BODEVEIX Mamoun FILALI 《中国计算机科学前沿:英文版》 SCIE EI CSCD 2019年第4期715-734,共20页
This paper presents a simple and safe compiler, called MinSIGNAL, from a subset of the synchronous dataflow language SIGNAL to C, as well as its existing en? hancements. The compiler follows a modular architecture, an... This paper presents a simple and safe compiler, called MinSIGNAL, from a subset of the synchronous dataflow language SIGNAL to C, as well as its existing en? hancements. The compiler follows a modular architecture, and can be seen as a sequence of source-to-source transformations applied to an intermediate representation which is named Synchronous Clocked Guarded Actions (S-CGA) and translation to sequential imperative code. Objective Caml (OCaml) is used for the implementation of MinSIGNAL. As a modem functional language, OCaml is adapted to symbolic computation and so, particularly suitable for compiler design and implementation of formal analysis tools. In particular, the safety of its type checking allows to skip some verification that would be mandatory with other languages. Additionally, this work is a basis for the formal verification of the compilation of SIGNAL with a theorem prover such as Coq. 展开更多
关键词 SYNCHRONOUS LANGUAGES SIGNAL SYNCHRONOUS Clocked Guarded ACTIONS (S-CGA) Objective Caml functional PROGRAMMING
现代汉语客观性范畴
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作者 陈禹 《汉语学习》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第3期38-46,共9页
现代汉语中存在一些强调事实与关注情况本身的客观性范畴。我们通过与主观性范畴的比较,确定了客观性范畴的概念,并从意义与形式两个方面描述了客观性范畴的实现途径与验证方法。本文从会话生成的实际出发,探讨了客观性范畴的认知动因,... 现代汉语中存在一些强调事实与关注情况本身的客观性范畴。我们通过与主观性范畴的比较,确定了客观性范畴的概念,并从意义与形式两个方面描述了客观性范畴的实现途径与验证方法。本文从会话生成的实际出发,探讨了客观性范畴的认知动因,即遵循并强调合作原则中质的准则,从而降低信息的不确定性,排除会话中的消极因素。 展开更多
关键词 客观性 主观性 不确定性 合作原则
论脱贫攻坚中的教育担当 预览
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作者 刘佳 《河北师范大学学报:教育科学版》 北大核心 2019年第3期16-18,共3页
打赢教育脱贫攻坚战是党和国家做出的重大战略部署,也是全面建成小康社会目标的重要标志。回归教育本质与功能,理解教育在贫困治理中的基础性、先导性和可持续性作用,有助于深刻把握教育脱贫的内涵、目标、任务和价值,对进一步聚焦贫困... 打赢教育脱贫攻坚战是党和国家做出的重大战略部署,也是全面建成小康社会目标的重要标志。回归教育本质与功能,理解教育在贫困治理中的基础性、先导性和可持续性作用,有助于深刻把握教育脱贫的内涵、目标、任务和价值,对进一步聚焦贫困地区教育扶贫工作,增强贫困人口可行能力、阻断贫困的代际传递,最终实现个人和社会的可持续发展具有重要意义。教育脱贫攻坚也为世界治贫提供了宝贵的中国经验和智慧。 展开更多
关键词 教育脱贫 教育本质 打赢教育脱贫攻坚战
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推进植保大数据技术研发和应用的思考 预览
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作者 刘万才 黄冲 +2 位作者 陆明红 张炜 谢成军 《植物医生》 2019年第5期9-15,共7页
大数据已被确定为国家重大战略,建设植保大数据,发挥大数据、人工智能技术在重大病虫害监控中的作用,提高监测防控能力,是保障粮食安全生产的现实需要,更是落实国家实施乡村振兴战略的具体措施.作者结合植保工作实际,在初步提出建设目... 大数据已被确定为国家重大战略,建设植保大数据,发挥大数据、人工智能技术在重大病虫害监控中的作用,提高监测防控能力,是保障粮食安全生产的现实需要,更是落实国家实施乡村振兴战略的具体措施.作者结合植保工作实际,在初步提出建设目标和思路的基础上,明确植保大数据平台的基本框架与感知层、计算层和应用层的具体功能.研发植保大数据,必须开发应用实用的大数据产品,将高深的技术集成为简便可操作的工具,使大数据真正成为看得见、摸得着、用得上的新技术.建设应用植保大数据,要切实解决海量数据积累、数据库建设、大数据算法模型构建、大数据运行支撑平台和大数据建设标准等关键问题.我国的植保大数据建设和应用才刚刚起步,可以分阶段稳步推进,最终构建一个完善的国家智慧植保大数据平台,实现从“病虫害数据快速获取—自动化识别与分析—病虫害精准测报—绿色防控—专业化统防统治—绿色农业”全链条智能化植保服务,进一步提升重大病虫害监测防控能力,为确保国家粮食安全保驾护航. 展开更多
关键词 植保大数据 目标 思路 架构 算法引擎 标准
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火电工程基建期技术监督工作探讨 预览
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作者 黄刚清 余武高 安城 《能源研究与管理》 2019年第2期5-7,14共4页
为了促进工程达标投产及工程创优工作,提升工程整体质量水平,避免因基建期间设计缺陷、制造质量、控制不严、安装不符合规范等引起的非停事故,确保新建机组顺利投产,投产后能够安全、稳定、环保、经济运行,保证设备和系统的基础健康。... 为了促进工程达标投产及工程创优工作,提升工程整体质量水平,避免因基建期间设计缺陷、制造质量、控制不严、安装不符合规范等引起的非停事故,确保新建机组顺利投产,投产后能够安全、稳定、环保、经济运行,保证设备和系统的基础健康。在基建期技术监督实施过程中,设立健全的组织机构,编制各技术监督网实施细则,开展月度季度质量检查以及会议,严格执行考核制度,采用技术监督管理信息平台,管理设备技术档案,全过程监督现场设备质量缺陷。通过开展基建期技术监督工作,探索和创新基建技术监督管理体系、工作标准,提升工程质量管理水平,对设备的相关数据进行统计、归纳,对以后的运行、检修维护管理有着非常重要的意义。 展开更多
关键词 技术监督 目的 工作重点 管理信息平台
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高职院校教学团队建设研究与实践--以石家庄职业技术学院管理学院为例 预览
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作者 陈楠 樊莉莉 莫春雷 《石家庄职业技术学院学报》 2019年第3期14-16,共3页
教学团队的建设与发展对于高职院校人才培养目标的实现有着至关重要的作用,有利于教学内容的优化、教学方法的革新、教学资源的开发等。当前教学团队组成结构的合理性不足,权责设计需要进一步明确,激励机制有待完善,保障措施需要加强。... 教学团队的建设与发展对于高职院校人才培养目标的实现有着至关重要的作用,有利于教学内容的优化、教学方法的革新、教学资源的开发等。当前教学团队组成结构的合理性不足,权责设计需要进一步明确,激励机制有待完善,保障措施需要加强。石家庄职业技术学院管理学院在教学团队建设的目标设定、思路确立和建设保障措施等方面进行了有益探索,取得了一定经验。 展开更多
关键词 高职院校 教学团队建设 目标 思路 措施
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APP软件的用户满意度模型研究 预览
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作者 刘婷 姜瑛 《信息技术》 2019年第2期14-18,24共6页
目前多数软件用户满意度模型只关注了用户满意度的部分内容,有些研究只针对部分APP软件。文中基于ISO/IEC25010软件产品质量标准,结合APP软件的特点,从主观和客观的角度出发,从用户、软件、环境三个方面提出了APP软件通用的用户满意度... 目前多数软件用户满意度模型只关注了用户满意度的部分内容,有些研究只针对部分APP软件。文中基于ISO/IEC25010软件产品质量标准,结合APP软件的特点,从主观和客观的角度出发,从用户、软件、环境三个方面提出了APP软件通用的用户满意度模型。通过APP软件用户评论的分析,表明文中提出的APP软件的用户满意度模型是可行的。 展开更多
关键词 APP软件 用户满意度模型 主观 客观
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Perceptual Quality Assessment of Omnidirectional Images: Subjective Experiment and Objective Model Evaluation 预览
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作者 DUAN Huiyu ZHAI Guangtao +3 位作者 MIN Xiongkuo ZHU Yucheng FANG Yi YANG Xiaokang 《中兴通讯技术:英文版》 2019年第1期38-47,共10页
Virtual reality (VR) environment can provide immersive experience to viewers.Under the VR environment,providing a good quality of experience is extremely important.Therefore,in this paper,we present an image quality a... Virtual reality (VR) environment can provide immersive experience to viewers.Under the VR environment,providing a good quality of experience is extremely important.Therefore,in this paper,we present an image quality assessment (IQA) study on omnidirectional images.We first build an omnidirectional IQA (OIQA) database,including 16 source images with their corresponding 320 distorted images.We add four commonly encountered distortions.These distortions are JPEG compression,JPEG2000 compression,Gaussian blur,and Gaussian noise.Then we conduct a subjective quality evaluation study in the VR environment based on the OIQA database.Considering that visual attention is more important in VR environment,head and eye movement data are also tracked and collected during the quality rating experiments.The 16 raw and their corresponding distorted images,subjective quality assessment scores,and the head-orientation data and eye-gaze data together constitute the OIQA database.Based on the OIQA database,we test some state-of- the-art full-reference IQA (FR-IQA) measures on equirectangular format or cubic format omnidirectional images.The results show that applying FR-IQA metrics on cubic format omnidirectional images could improve their performance.The performance of some FR-IQA metrics combining the saliency weight of three different types are also tested based on our database.Some new phenomena different from traditional IQA are observed. 展开更多
关键词 perceptual QUALITY assessment OMNIDIRECTIONAL IMAGES SUBJECTIVE EXPERIMENT objective model evaluation visual SALIENCY
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Optimizing dewatering design for a metro station on the Chengdu Metro Line 7 预览
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作者 LI Ke KANG Xiao-bing 《地下水科学与工程:英文版》 2019年第2期155-164,共10页
At present, most calculation results regarding foundation pit dewatering are ideal values, making construction resources prone to being wasted. In order to optimize the traditional pipe well design of large wells, the... At present, most calculation results regarding foundation pit dewatering are ideal values, making construction resources prone to being wasted. In order to optimize the traditional pipe well design of large wells, the linear programming solution module in Excel is used, with the total water inflow taken as the objective function, the water level drawdown used as the constraint and test condition, and a station project on the Chengdu Metro Line 7 serving as the subject of this study. The total water inflow of the traditional pipe well design is optimized by the simplex method, producing a total water inflow of 4 040.65 m^3/d, which, compared with 4 829.79 m^3/d, the total water inflow calculated by means of the traditional design optimization method, engenders a reduction of roughly 16% per day. The feasibility of the optimization methodology is verified by the drawdown constraint, which reveals the decrease of construction costs and the diminution of the influence that the lowered groundwater level has on the surroundings of the metro station. Finally, references are provided as to optimizing the dewatering designs for other metro stations in similar engineering and hydrogeological conditions. 展开更多
关键词 UNDERGROUND SPACE Objective function DEWATERING design optimization PROGRAMMING SOLVER
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Potential gains from spatially-explicit coordinated planning between two large public ownerships in Minnesota 预览
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作者 Joshua J. Bixby Howard M. Hoganson Yu Wei 《森林生态系统:英文版》 CSCD 2019年第2期102-118,共17页
Background: Many forested landscapes throughout the world involve a mix of public forest ownerships. This study explores how coordinated planning between two large public ownerships in Minnesota impact landscape-level... Background: Many forested landscapes throughout the world involve a mix of public forest ownerships. This study explores how coordinated planning between two large public ownerships in Minnesota impact landscape-level trade-offs between timber production and production of core area of older forest (COF) for the region. COF is an important metric for wildlife habitat. Emphasis is on better understanding potential gains from both coordinated planning at the site-level where ownerships share stand boundaries and from coordinated planning at a broader policy level involving assumed values of COF by the public. The study area involves over 300,000 ha, 150,000 analysis units and a 100-year planning horizon. Methods: The concept of influence zones in modeling spatial interdependencies is described and implemented. The estimated total area of COF is assumed an important landscape metric for forest wildlife habitat condition for each forest planning period. COF has a surrounding buffer protecting it from edge effects. Differences are recognized between COF condition requirements and condition requirements for its surrounding buffer. A spatially-explicit harvest scheduling model is applied in conjunction with moving-windows techniques of GIS to find near-optimal management schedules for the large landscape. Multiple model runs are examined to help better understand both potential gains from coordinated planning and the tradeoffs between timber and COF production. Results: Results demonstrate the ability to incorporate detailed site-level COF production into management scheduling models for broad, landscape-level planning. For the study area and the assumed COF definitions, substantially larger gains are possible by coordinating COF value assumptions across ownerships, as compared to possible gains from coordinating on-the-ground management activities in areas involving shared stand boundaries. Although a general map of the study area shows a definite intertwining mosaic of ownership by the two large public agencies, a deta 展开更多
关键词 Core area Interior space Trade-off analysis Multiple objective PLANNING Landscape PLANNING HARVEST scheduling PATCH size Production possibilities FRONTIER
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作者 杨玲 王怡 《教育教学论坛》 2019年第37期205-206,共2页
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关键词 研究性教学 成长 探讨 目标 实施 模版
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作者 宋雪阳 许朝霞 +1 位作者 王寺晶 王忆勤 《中国中医药信息杂志》 CAS CSCD 2019年第3期141-144,共4页
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关键词 闻诊 声诊 嗅诊 客观化 综述
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作者 刘博文 《开放导报》 2019年第1期107-109,共3页
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作者 毛阳海 贾雁岭 王婷 《西藏民族大学学报:哲学社会科学版》 CSSCI 2019年第3期38-42,154共6页
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