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当“居住”照进“住宿”--浅析9h胶囊新旅馆 认领
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作者 汤璇 《建筑创作》 2020年第1期86-90,共5页
平田晃久的东京9h(nine hours)胶囊旅馆的爆红,引发了对黑川纪章的中银胶囊塔(1972)的回顾:同是胶囊,缘何一个流行一个没落?本文分析现代以来柯布西耶定义的"居住",在功能城市理论下降维成"住宿"的实质,道出胶囊公... 平田晃久的东京9h(nine hours)胶囊旅馆的爆红,引发了对黑川纪章的中银胶囊塔(1972)的回顾:同是胶囊,缘何一个流行一个没落?本文分析现代以来柯布西耶定义的"居住",在功能城市理论下降维成"住宿"的实质,道出胶囊公寓昙花一现的原因。而9h胶囊新旅馆则理清了居住与住宿的关系,对接了当代青年旅行者"生活在别处"的需求,在并不消弭、依然标榜极限住宿的同时,将城市引入,用"居住"照进"住宿",因此取得了成功。 展开更多
关键词 居住 住宿 功能城市 微型居住 在别处
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Comment on pediatric living donor liver transplantation decade progress in Shanghai: Characteristics and risks factors of mortality 认领
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作者 Sami Akbulut Tevfik Tolga Sahin Sezai Yilmaz 《世界胃肠病学杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS 2020年第30期4564-4566,共3页
Since the first successful liver transplantation was performed five decades ago,pediatric liver transplantation has become the gold standard treatment choice for pediatric liver disease,including metabolic diseases,li... Since the first successful liver transplantation was performed five decades ago,pediatric liver transplantation has become the gold standard treatment choice for pediatric liver disease,including metabolic diseases,liver tumors,and some acute liver failure.With improvements in immunosuppression,surgical techniques,and postoperative medical care,long-term outcomes of patients after liver transplantation have markedly improved,especially in pediatric patients. 展开更多
关键词 Pediatric end stage liver disease Living donor pediatric liver transplantation Survival analysis Risk factors Living donor liver transplantation OUTCOMES
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文章速递Effectiveness and Influencing Factors of Comprehensive Rehabilitation Therapy in Patients with Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage 认领
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作者 Tong Zhang 《行为与脑科学期刊(英文)》 2020年第10期387-399,共13页
This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of comprehensive rehabilitation for patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) and to explore the factors influencing the prognosis of rehabilitation. This ... This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of comprehensive rehabilitation for patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) and to explore the factors influencing the prognosis of rehabilitation. This was a retrospective study. Twenty-five patients with aSAH were treated with physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, cognitive therapy, music therapy, Chinese acupuncture, hyperbaric oxygen, and transcranial magnetic stimulation. The general data of all patients were collected, and the functional scores at admission were compared with those at discharge. The Mini Mental State Examination, Fugl-Meyer Assessment Scale (FMAS) for motor and balance assessment, Holden Functional Ambulation Classification (FAC), modified Rankin Scale, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale, Modified Barthel Index for activities of daily living (ADL), and Glasgow Outcome Scale were significantly improved among 25 patients with aSAH after 1 month of comprehensive rehabilitation training. Hydrocephalus was an independent factor of the ability to perform ADLs (odds ratio, 0.29;95% confidence interval, 2.03. 3.15;p = 0.000). The improvement of ADLs in aSAH patients was not related to sex, surgical method, aneurysm location, age, or smoking status. Comprehensive and professional rehabilitation is effective for the cognition, movement, walking, ADLs, and functional prognosis of patients with aSAH, while early hydrocephalus may be a risk factor for poor ADLs. 展开更多
关键词 Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Rehabilitation Therapy Prognosis Activities of Daily Living
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初中生物课堂生活化教学模式构建 认领
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作者 张振财 《天津教育》 2020年第23期36-37,共2页
随着新课程改革在各个教学领域的不断渗透,越来越多的教学工作者树立了全新的以人为本的教学理念,并且积极探索能够提升自身教学效率的教学方式,生活化教学就是其中的一种,其能够将教学知识内容与学生的日常生活联系在一起。本文围绕初... 随着新课程改革在各个教学领域的不断渗透,越来越多的教学工作者树立了全新的以人为本的教学理念,并且积极探索能够提升自身教学效率的教学方式,生活化教学就是其中的一种,其能够将教学知识内容与学生的日常生活联系在一起。本文围绕初中生物教学,探索有效构建生活化教学的策略,并且提出一些具有参考价值的建议,希望为广大生物教学工作者提供参考依据。 展开更多
关键词 生物教学 教学方式 生活化
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“非遗”将乐南词传承现状考察 认领
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作者 唐进宝 《武夷学院学报》 2020年第2期54-62,共9页
将乐南词(闽北南词)是福建地方音乐文化的重要遗存,同时也是江浙音乐文化南迁的佐证,是研究中国文化传播的重要材料。其艺术形态独特,备受欢迎,却在主观与客观环境的影响下,没有展现其应有的身姿。置于非遗生态环境下,对将乐南词生存及... 将乐南词(闽北南词)是福建地方音乐文化的重要遗存,同时也是江浙音乐文化南迁的佐证,是研究中国文化传播的重要材料。其艺术形态独特,备受欢迎,却在主观与客观环境的影响下,没有展现其应有的身姿。置于非遗生态环境下,对将乐南词生存及传承现状进行了实地考察与分析,重新审视南词非遗保护之关照与生态环境,以期回归它的"传统",透析传承发展现状,旨在为更好地探讨音乐类非遗项目的生态环境重构与传承发展探寻路径。 展开更多
关键词 非遗 将乐南词 生存 传承现状
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Research on Aging Design of Living Space in Medical and Nursing Institutions 认领
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作者 WANG Jiang WANG Jie 《景观研究:英文版》 2020年第5期42-46,共5页
Aging design principle of living space in medical and nursing institutions is taken as the basis.Coming the principles of ergonomics,rehabilitation medicine and gerontology,possibility of using living space in the med... Aging design principle of living space in medical and nursing institutions is taken as the basis.Coming the principles of ergonomics,rehabilitation medicine and gerontology,possibility of using living space in the medical and nursing institutions dominant by the mediating elderly and supplemented by the self-care elderly is explored,and different scales of living space are deduced.Moreover,the rationality of the room layout is compared and analyzed under the relevant scale,and layout of aging room in medical and nursing institutions is summarized.The research aims to provide the reference for deeply studying future design of living space in medical and nursing institutions. 展开更多
关键词 Medical and nursing institutions Living space Spatial scale AGING
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Unspecified live kidney donation by urological patients 认领
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作者 Sebastiaan Ceuppens Hendrikus J A N Kimenai +6 位作者 Karel W J Klop Willij C Zuidema Michiel G H Betjes Willem Weimar Jan N M IJzermans Frank J M F Dor Robert C Minnee 《世界移植杂志》 2020年第8期215-222,共8页
BACKGROUND Individuals with benign kidney disorders undergoing nephrectomy have three possibilities:Autotransplantation,with a certain risk of complications,but without a clear benefit;discarding the kidney;or living ... BACKGROUND Individuals with benign kidney disorders undergoing nephrectomy have three possibilities:Autotransplantation,with a certain risk of complications,but without a clear benefit;discarding the kidney;or living kidney donation.AIM To investigate whether patients with benign kidney disorders and a medical indication for nephrectomy are suitable as unspecified live kidney donors.METHODS We searched all clinical data from 1994-2019 for unspecified donors and their transplant recipients(n=160).Nine of these 160 donors had pre-existing kidney disorders necessitating nephrectomy and had decided to donate their kidney anonymously after discussing the possibility of kidney donation.We studied the clinical course of these nine donating patients and their transplant recipients.RESULTS Seven of nine donating patients indicated unbearable loin pain as the main complaint,one donating patient refused ureterocutaneostomy and one had two aneurysms of the renal artery.Postoperatively,seven donating patients described absence of pain and one a significant reduction after the nephrectomy.The average 1-year creatinine level in the donating patients was 88μmol/L and after a median of 6.9 years the average creatinine level was 86.6μmol/L.In the transplant recipients,one major complication occurred which led to death and in one transplant recipient graft function failed to normalize at first but has been stable for nine years now.Currently,all transplant recipients are off dialysis.CONCLUSION Our data show that patients undergoing nephrectomy as part of treatment in selected kidney disorders can function as live kidney donors. 展开更多
关键词 Unspecified donor Live kidney donation Benign kidney disorder Living donors KIDNEY Transplantation
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Is right lobe liver graft without main right hepatic vein suitable for living donor liver transplantation? 认领
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作者 Khaled Demyati Sami Akbulut +3 位作者 Egemen Cicek Abuzer Dirican Cemalettin Koc Sezai Yilmaz 《世界肝病学杂志:英文版(电子版)》 CAS 2020年第7期406-412,共7页
BACKGROUND Since the first living donor liver transplantation(LDLT)was performed by Raia and colleagues in December 1988,LDLT has become the gold standard treatment in countries where cadaveric organ donation is not s... BACKGROUND Since the first living donor liver transplantation(LDLT)was performed by Raia and colleagues in December 1988,LDLT has become the gold standard treatment in countries where cadaveric organ donation is not sufficient.Adequate hepatic venous outflow reconstruction in LDLT is essential to prevent graft congestion and its complications including graft loss.However,this can be complex and technically demanding especially in the presence of complex variations and congenital anomalies in the graft hepatic veins.CASE SUMMARY Herein,we aimed to present two cases who underwent successful right lobe LDLT using a right lobe liver graft with rudimentary or congenital absence of the right hepatic vein and describe the utility of a common large opening drainage model in such complex cases.CONCLUSION Thanks to this venous reconstruction model,none of the patients developed postoperative complications related to venous drainage.Our experience with venous drainage reconstruction models shows that congenital variations in the hepatic venous structure of living liver donors are not absolute contraindications for LDLT. 展开更多
关键词 Living donor liver transplantation Congenital-absence of right hepatic vein Common large opening drainage model Case report
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Living kidney donor assessment:Kidney length vs differential function 认领
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作者 Jacob A Akoh Katharina J Schumacher 《世界移植杂志》 2020年第6期173-182,共10页
BACKGROUND The key question in living kidney donor assessment is how best to determine the contribution of each kidney to overall renal function and guide selection of which kidney to donate,ensuring safety of procedu... BACKGROUND The key question in living kidney donor assessment is how best to determine the contribution of each kidney to overall renal function and guide selection of which kidney to donate,ensuring safety of procedure and good outcome for both recipient and donor.It is thought that a length difference>2 cm may indicate significant difference in function and therefore need for measurement of differential function.AIM To determine the effect of using kidney length to decide which kidney to donate in a retrospective cohort of potential donors.METHODS All 333 potential living kidney donors between January 2009 and August 2018 who completed assessment were retrospectively evaluated.Donor assessment was performed as per United Kingdom guidelines.Data included age,sex,kidney length(cranio-caudal)obtained by computed tomography/ultrasonography,51-chromium ethylenediamine tetraacetatic acid measured glomerular filtration rate,mercapto acetyl tri glycine split function and vascular anatomy.There were 48 exclusions due to inadequate data or incomplete investigations.Statistical analysis was performed using Excel pivot tables and GraphPad Prism.Correlation between kidney length and differential function was determined with Pearson’s correlation coefficient.RESULTS Of 285 potential donors included in the study,there were 144 males(mean age 49.9±14.75)and 141 females(mean age 51.2±11.23).Overall,the Pearson’s correlation between differences in length and divided function of kidney pairs was 0.1630,P=0.0058.Of 73 with significant difference(>10%)in divided function,18(24.7%)had no difference in kidney length;54(74%)had a difference of<2 cm and only one of>2 cm.Using a length difference of>1 cm would only predict significant difference in divided function in 8/34(23.5%)of cases.Using a difference of>2 cm as cut off for performing split function would lead to false reassurance in 72 patients(6 had>20%difference in divided function whereas 66 had 10%-20%difference).CONCLUSION Length difference between kidney pairs alone is 展开更多
关键词 Kidney transplantation Living kidney donor assessment Kidney length Kidney volume Differential function Glomerular filtration rate
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Warm-needle acupuncture for limb spasticity post-stroke:a systematic review 认领
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作者 Qiong-Shuai Zhang Yu Zhang +6 位作者 Guang-Cheng Ji Jian-Nan Li Xun Qi Shan Xu Jia-Zhen Cao Xiao-Hong Xu Bai-Lin Song 《TMR非药物治疗》 2020年第3期88-100,共13页
Background:Warm acupuncture,or warm-needle acupuncture,is a traditional external treatment widely used in China for thousands of years.However,the effects of different treatment times on limb spasticity post-stroke ha... Background:Warm acupuncture,or warm-needle acupuncture,is a traditional external treatment widely used in China for thousands of years.However,the effects of different treatment times on limb spasticity post-stroke have not been evaluated.Methods:We searched PubMed,Embase,the Cochrane Library,the Web of Science,the China National Knowledge Infrastructure,the Chinese Scientific and Journal Database,the Wanfang database,and the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database from inception to May 21st,2020,to seek information regarding randomized controlled trials studying warm-needle acupuncture for limb spasticity post-stroke.Two authors selected 24 studies fitting the eligibility criteria and developed this systematic review and meta-analysis.Results:Warm-needle acupuncture is shown to be more effective than other treatments used in the control groups(odds ratio(OR)=3.61,95%confidence intervals(CI)(2.51,5.19),P<0.001).This treatment decreased limb spasticity as assessed with the Modified Ashworth Scale(mean differences(MD)=−0.78,95%CI(−1.00,−0.56),P<0.001)and the Clinic Spasticity Index(MD=1.06,95%CI(0.51,1.60),P=0.0002),improved sensorimotor impairments according to the Fugl-Meyer Assessment(MD=9.51,95%CI(6.99,12.03),P<0.001),and improved activities of daily living according to the Barthel Index(MD=9.70,95%CI(6.27,13.12),P<0.001).Subgroup analysis based on the length of the treatment using the Modified Ashworth Scale,Fugl-Meyer Assessment,and Barthel Index showed better outcomes for patients who received more than 20 days of treatments(P<0.001).Conclusion:Warm-needle acupuncture is an effective treatment for limb spasticity post-stroke.A treatment frequency of more than 20 days appears to have better effectiveness than that of less than 20 days. 展开更多
关键词 ACUPUNCTURE Warm-needle acupuncture Limb spasticity Stroke Sensorimotor improvement Activities of daily living
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风景名胜区边缘型乡村“生产、生活、生态”空间重构与发展研究--以大理三月街片区为例 认领
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作者 毛志睿 杨燕 《中国名城》 2020年第2期56-61,共6页
风景名胜区周边涵盖大量本土乡村,随着旅游业价值提升,旅游产品挤压乡村空间,导致原始乡村空间异化,乡村空间从传统的农业生产、生活空间异化转变为复合型空间。以大理三月街片区为例,以问题为导向,从生产、生活、生态等方面分析三月街... 风景名胜区周边涵盖大量本土乡村,随着旅游业价值提升,旅游产品挤压乡村空间,导致原始乡村空间异化,乡村空间从传统的农业生产、生活空间异化转变为复合型空间。以大理三月街片区为例,以问题为导向,从生产、生活、生态等方面分析三月街片区成为"灯下黑"的原因,针对风景名胜区边缘型乡村的现状及问题,提出合理重构"生产、生活、生态"空间、提升乡村"造血"功能、与风景名胜区共建共享、提倡公共参与等发展路径。 展开更多
关键词 乡村空间转型 生产、生活、生态空间 风景名胜区边缘型乡村 大理三月街片区
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重大疫情背景下教师教育理念的再审视 认领
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作者 蒲智勇 《教师教育学报》 2020年第4期74-78,共5页
2020年初突发新冠肺炎疫情,举国上下共同抗"疫",体现了中华民族团结奋战、共克时艰的凝聚力,但这场疫情同时还暴露出部分国民的综合素养问题。全社会对疫情的认识、防控和应对折射出人们关于生命、生存和生活的价值理念及思... 2020年初突发新冠肺炎疫情,举国上下共同抗"疫",体现了中华民族团结奋战、共克时艰的凝聚力,但这场疫情同时还暴露出部分国民的综合素养问题。全社会对疫情的认识、防控和应对折射出人们关于生命、生存和生活的价值理念及思维方式,这与人们成长过程中所接受的文化熏染和教育引导息息相关。在教师教育过程中融入生命教育、生存教育、生活教育,对各级各类学校的教师将产生正确的导向作用,对各级各类学校人才培养质量的提升也将产生积极的影响。因此,要坚持以"人"为核心的教育理念,重视学生作为"人"的生命、生存和生活,不断促进学生的自主发展、社会参与以及文化修养的提升。要打好"生命教育"的基础,关注学生的身心健康;抓住"生存教育"的根本,唤起学生的公民责任;追求"生活教育"的目标,丰富学生的精神文化。 展开更多
关键词 重大疫情 教师教育 生命 生存 生活
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Recent evolution of living donor liver transplantation at Kyoto University:How to achieve a one-year overall survival rate of 99%? 认领
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作者 Toshimi Kaido 《国际肝胆胰疾病杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第4期328-333,共6页
Previously,living donor liver transplantation was considered as a“high-risk,high-return”medical treatment due to the relatively high short-term mortality.It is our task to change“high-risk,high-return”into a“low-... Previously,living donor liver transplantation was considered as a“high-risk,high-return”medical treatment due to the relatively high short-term mortality.It is our task to change“high-risk,high-return”into a“low-risk,high-return”situation.In this review article,the recent evolutions in living donor liver transplantation for both donors and recipients at Kyoto University such as portal vein pressure modulation,hybrid donor operation,and perioperative management considering sarcopenia,focusing on improvement of short-term outcomes are described.Under a paradigm of“marketing and innovation”,various innovations and efforts have been made over the last decade aiming at improving the short-term outcomes of both donors and recipients.By doing so,excellent short-term results after living donor liver transplantation have been achieved,along with a potentially epoch-making discoveries. 展开更多
关键词 Liver transplantation Living donor liver transplantation SARCOPENIA Portal vein pressure
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Small-for-size syndrome in liver transplantation:Definition,pathophysiology and management 认领
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作者 Yuichi Masuda Kazuki Yoshizawa +3 位作者 Yasunari Ohno Atsuyoshi Mita Akira Shimizu Yuji Soejima 《国际肝胆胰疾病杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第4期334-341,共8页
Background:Since the first success in an adult patient,living donor liver transplantation(LDLT)has become an universally used procedure.Small-for-size syndrome(SFSS)is a well-known complication after partial LT,especi... Background:Since the first success in an adult patient,living donor liver transplantation(LDLT)has become an universally used procedure.Small-for-size syndrome(SFSS)is a well-known complication after partial LT,especially in cases of adult-to-adult LDLT.The definition of SFSS slightly varies among transplant physicians.The use of a partial liver graft has risks of SFSS development.Persistent portal vein(PV)hypertension and PV hyper-perfusion after LT were identified as the main factors.Hence,various approaches were explored to modulate PV flow and decrease PV pressure in order to alleviate this syndrome.Herein,the definition,clinical symptoms,pathophysiology,basic research,as well as preventive and treatment strategies for SFSS are reviewed based on an extensive review of the literature and on our own experiences.Data sources:The articles were collected through PubMed using search terms“liver transplantation”,“living donor liver transplantation”,“living liver donation”,“partial graft”,“small-for-size graft”,“small-forsize syndrome”,“graft volume”,“remnant liver”,“standard liver volume”,“graft to recipient body weight ratio”,“sarcopenia”,“porcine”,“swine”,and“rat”.English publications published before March 31,2020 were included in this review.Results:Many transplant surgeons performed PV flow modulation,including portocaval shunt,splenic artery ligation and splenectomy.With these techniques,patient outcome has been improved even when using a"small"graft.Other factors,such as preoperative recipients’nutritional and skeletal muscle status,graft congestion,and donor factors,were also identified as risk factors which all have been addressed using various strategies.Conclusions:The surgical approach controlling PV flow and pressure could help to prevent SFSS especially in severely ill recipients.In the absence of efficacious medications to resolve SFSS,conservative treatments,including aggressive fluid balance correction for massive ascites,anti-microbiological 展开更多
关键词 Liver transplantation Living donor liver transplantation Small-for-size graft Small-for-size syndrome
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Challenge to ABO blood type barrier in living donor liver transplantation 认领
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作者 Hiroto Egawa 《国际肝胆胰疾病杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第4期342-348,共7页
ABO incompatible living donor liver transplantation has the potential to expand the donor pool for patients with end stage liver diseases on the expense of challenges to overcome immunological barriers across blood ty... ABO incompatible living donor liver transplantation has the potential to expand the donor pool for patients with end stage liver diseases on the expense of challenges to overcome immunological barriers across blood type.There is a profound impact of age on incidence and severity of antibody mediated rejection(AMR).Even children older than 1 year have chances of AMR;children aged 8 years or older have risks of hepatic necrosis similar to adult liver recipients.The mechanism of AMR is based on circulatory disturbances secondary to inflammation and injury of the vascular endothelium caused by an antibody-antigen-complement reaction.The strategy to overcome ABO blood type barrier is based on both pre-transplant desensitization and adequate treatment of this phenomenon.Nowadays,rituximab is the standard means of desensitization but unfortunately an insufficient aid to treat AMR.Because of low incidence(less than 5%in the rituximab era),in practice of AMR only some case reports about the treatment of clinical AMR are available in the literature.Initial experiences revealed that the proteasome inhibitor,bortezomib might be a promising treatment based on its capacity to deplete plasma cell agents.Although ABO blood type barrier has been counteracted in 95%of patients by applying“rituximab-desensitization”,many issues,such as prediction of high-risk patients of infection and AMR and secure treatment strategies for evoked AMR,remain to be resolved. 展开更多
关键词 ABO blood type Living donor liver transplantation Antibody mediated rejection
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Antibacterial and pH-responsive Quaternized Hydroxypropyl Cellulose-g-Poly(THF-co-epichlorohydrin)Graft Copolymer:Synthesis,Characterization and Properties 认领
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作者 Jin-Rui Deng Cong-Lei Zhao Yi-Xian Wu 《高分子科学:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第7期704-714,I0005,共12页
The novel quaternized hydroxypropyl cellulose-g-poly(THF-co-epichlorohydrin)graft copolymers,HPC-g-QCP(THF-co-ECH),have been successfully synthesized to combine the properties from hydrophilic hard HPC biomacromolecul... The novel quaternized hydroxypropyl cellulose-g-poly(THF-co-epichlorohydrin)graft copolymers,HPC-g-QCP(THF-co-ECH),have been successfully synthesized to combine the properties from hydrophilic hard HPC biomacromolecular backbone and hydrophobic flexible polyether branches.Firstly,the P(THF-co-ECH)living chains were synthesized by cationic ring-opening copolymerization of THF with ECH.Secondly,P(THF-co-ECH)living chains were grafted onto HPC backbone by reaction with-OH groups along HPC to produce HPC-g-P(THF-co-ECH)graft copolymers.Thirdly,the mentioned graft copolymers were quaternized by reaction with ternanyamine to generate functionalized HPC-g-QCP(THF-co-ECH).The HPC-g-QCP(THF-co-ECH)graft copolymers exhibited good antibacterial ability against S.aureus or E.coli bacteria.The ibuprofen(IBU)-loaded microparticles of HPC-g-(QC)P(THF-co-ECH)graft copolymers were prepared by electrospraying.The in vitro pH-responsive drug-release behavior of IBU reached up to 75%of drug-loaded at pH=7A.This quaternized graft copolymer was beneficial to solving the problems of a burst effect and fast release of HPC as drug carriers. 展开更多
关键词 Living cationic ring-opening copolymerization Hydroxypropyl cellulose-graft-polyether Antibacterial ability pH-responsive drug-release
My Home 认领
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作者 钱宸灏 《英语角》 2020年第27期44-45,共2页
This is my clean and new house.It's not big,but very bright.We have a big living room,a little kitchen,two bathrooms,a bright dining room,two small bedrooms and a study.This is our living room.It's big and bri... This is my clean and new house.It's not big,but very bright.We have a big living room,a little kitchen,two bathrooms,a bright dining room,two small bedrooms and a study.This is our living room.It's big and bright.There is a big sofa,two small sofas,a table and a TV on the wall.The sofas are very comfortable.They're made of wood.The table isn't tall,but it's big. 展开更多
关键词 BRIGHT comfortable LIVING
新课改背景下地理教学生活化策略探讨 认领
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作者 王顺德 《成才之路》 2020年第2期134-135,共2页
地理教学生活化有利于学生深入理解和掌握地理知识,利用地理知识分析问题和解决问题,能激发学生学习兴趣,调动学生学习的积极性和主动性,提高教学效率和教学质量,提升学生地理核心素养。文章从地理教学生活化的重要性和地理教学生活化... 地理教学生活化有利于学生深入理解和掌握地理知识,利用地理知识分析问题和解决问题,能激发学生学习兴趣,调动学生学习的积极性和主动性,提高教学效率和教学质量,提升学生地理核心素养。文章从地理教学生活化的重要性和地理教学生活化的策略两方面,对新课改背景下的地理教学生活化策略进行探讨。 展开更多
关键词 新课改 地理教学 生活化 教学效率 教学质量 核心素养
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Outcomes associated with the intention of loco-regional therapy prior to living donor liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma 认领
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作者 Tsung-Han Wu Yu-Chao Wang +5 位作者 Chih-Hsien Cheng Chen-Fang Lee Ting-Jung Wu Hong-Shiue Chou Kun-Ming Chan Wei-Chen Lee 《世界胃肠外科杂志:英文版(电子版)》 2020年第1期17-27,共11页
BACKGROUND Loco-regional therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) during the period awaiting liver transplantation(LT) appears to be a logical approach to reduce the risk of tumor progression and dropout in the waitl... BACKGROUND Loco-regional therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) during the period awaiting liver transplantation(LT) appears to be a logical approach to reduce the risk of tumor progression and dropout in the waitlist.Living donor LT(LDLT)offers a flexible timing for transplantation providing timeframe for well preparation of transplantation.AIM To investigate outcomes in relation to the intention of pre-transplantation locoregional therapy in LDLT for HCC patients.METHODS A total of 308 consecutive patients undergoing LDLTs for HCC between August2004 and December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.Patients were grouped according to the intention of loco-regional therapy prior to LT,and outcomes of patients were analyzed and compared between groups.RESULTS Overall,38 patients(12.3%) were detected with HCC recurrence during the follow-up period after LDLT.Patients who were radiologically beyond the University of California at San Francisco criteria and received loco-regional therapy as down-staging therapy had significant inferior outcomes to other groups for both recurrence-free survival(RFS,P < 0.0005) and overall survival(P= 0.046).Moreover,patients with defined profound tumor necrosis(TN) by locoregional therapy had a superior RFS(5-year of 93.8%) as compared with others(P= 0.010).CONCLUSION LDLT features a flexible timely transplantation for patient with HCC.However,the loco-regional therapy prior to LDLT does not seem to provide benefit unless a certain effect in terms of profound TN is noted. 展开更多
关键词 Hepatocellular carcinoma Loco-regional THERAPY Living donor LIVER TRANSPLANTATION OUTCOMES Tumor necrosis LIVER TRANSPLANTATION
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Effect of Targeted Nursing Based on Basic Living Care on Patients With Chronic Gastric Ulcer 认领
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作者 Xue Hu 《抗癌研究》 2020年第1期9-11,共3页
Objective:To explore the effect of targeted nursing based on basic living care on patients with chronic gastric ulcer.Method:Ninety patients with chronic gastric ulcer treated in our hospital from August 2018 to Augus... Objective:To explore the effect of targeted nursing based on basic living care on patients with chronic gastric ulcer.Method:Ninety patients with chronic gastric ulcer treated in our hospital from August 2018 to August 2019 were selected and divided into observation group(n=45)and control group(n=45)randomly.The control group was given routine care.On the basis of the control group,the observation group was given targeted care based on basic living care.Compare the compliance behavior in two groups.Results:After the intervention,the compliance score of the observation group was higher than that of the control group,and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion:The use of targeted care based on basic living care for patients with chronic gastric ulcer can improve their compliance behavior,which is worthy of clinical application. 展开更多
关键词 Chronic gastric ULCER TARGETED NURSING based on basic LIVING CARE COMPLIANCE behavior
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