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An Inquiry into the Approach to Asian Regional Trade Integration Under the Belt and Road Initiative - The Case of the Alignment of a China-Japan-South Korea Free Trade Area 预览
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作者 Bi Ying Yi Xin(Translator) 《当代社会科学(英文)》 2019年第4期124-142,共19页
It has been five years since the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) was first introduced. Though there has been a growing body of literature on regional cooperation between covered countries, Japan and South Korea have be... It has been five years since the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) was first introduced. Though there has been a growing body of literature on regional cooperation between covered countries, Japan and South Korea have been barely discussed. This paper starts with the consensus-based mechanism of a China-Japan-South Korea Free Trade Area (FTA) to probe the approach of its alignment with the BRI in terms of the sequence of “master plans,”“viability of cooperation,” and “embedding of rules.” This inquiry found that the three countries have a shared interest in cooperation in Central Asia to which China prefers a pragmatic approach, while Japan and South Korea an approach combining idealism with pragmatism. Given the huge potential of cooperation between the trio, it is suggested that a “Central Asia chapter” be incorporated in the negotiation framework of this trilateral FTA, and that the design feature three aspects;fundamental principles, specific rules, and an executive body with a view to functionally contributing to regional trade integration in Asia. This approach may also be applied to the alignment of other Asian areas with the BRI. 展开更多
关键词 BELT and ROAD INITIATIVE (BRI) China-Japan-South Korea Free Trade Area (CJK FTA) Arc of Freedom and PROSPERITY (AFP) EURASIA INITIATIVE Central Asia
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美以情报合作机制及对我国的启示 预览
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作者 陈雪然 《情报杂志》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第7期11-16,10共7页
[目的/意义]从美以情报合作机制透视美国构建双边情报合作的路径,为我国对外情报合作提供相应的借鉴和启示。[方法/过程]通过对美国和以色列政府发布、解密的有关文件,以及美中情局前雇员斯诺登曝光的相关涉密文件进行文本分析,梳理美... [目的/意义]从美以情报合作机制透视美国构建双边情报合作的路径,为我国对外情报合作提供相应的借鉴和启示。[方法/过程]通过对美国和以色列政府发布、解密的有关文件,以及美中情局前雇员斯诺登曝光的相关涉密文件进行文本分析,梳理美以情报合作的法理框架、领导体系和运行、保障机制。结合总体国家安全观,讨论对我国的启示。[结果/结论]我国应加强对外情报合作的体制机制建设,找准合作与防范之间的平衡点,注重评估合作伙伴的价值和作用,牢牢抓住对外情报合作的主动权。 展开更多
关键词 美国 以色列 情报合作 机制建设 主动权
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Can China's Diplomatic Partnership Strategy Benefit Outward Foreign Direct Investment?
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作者 Churen Sun Yaying Liu 《中国与世界经济:英文版》 2019年第5期108-134,共27页
In the context of global integration, whether a diplomatic partnership strategy can promote outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) and how it works are very important issues for China.Based on a dataset featuring Ch... In the context of global integration, whether a diplomatic partnership strategy can promote outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) and how it works are very important issues for China.Based on a dataset featuring China's partnerships collected from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs website,we establish an empirical framework to assess the role of China's diplomatic strategy in its OFDI arising from partnerships since 1993. The results show that the establishment or upgrade of partnerships has had a positive effect on Chinese firms' decisions on OFDI for at least the short term, especially for firms with higher demand for policy guarantees from the government, such as noncentral firms and non-Beijing firms. The results also show that the increase in OFDI is concentrated in host countries with higher political risks, such as developing countries, neighboring countries, and Belt and Road countries,which is consistent with China's diplomatic focus.Our research proves that China's diplomatic strategy can assist firms to invest abroad. 展开更多
关键词 Belt and Road INITIATIVE outward foreign direct investment PARTNERSHIP diplomatic STRATEGY POLITICAL risk
The Belt and Road Initiative from Three Theoretical Perspectives 预览
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作者 Fu Mengzi 《现代国际关系:英文版》 2019年第2期1-33,共33页
Efforts have generally been made from policy considerations to interpret reasons for the proposition of the Belt and Road Initiative and its global layout.Though they are of some significance,such a grand initiative c... Efforts have generally been made from policy considerations to interpret reasons for the proposition of the Belt and Road Initiative and its global layout.Though they are of some significance,such a grand initiative certainly has its own internal theoretical basis.This paper is in the opinion that the spillover effect of oversized economy,the extension of the value chain and its climbing effect,as well as channel suitability and location orientation constitute the endogenous driving forces of the Belt and Road Initiative.Each of the three theoretical perspectives has its own internal realistic basis,all of which may offer some reference that is conducive to understanding the practice and future development of the Belt and Road Initiative. 展开更多
关键词 the BELT and ROAD INITIATIVE ENDOGENOUS driving force theoretical BASIS in terconnection and interworki ng
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Survey of Sustainable Logistics Services via Text Mining 预览
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作者 Fuyume Sai 《机械工程与自动化:英文版》 2019年第3期100-110,共11页
Environmental sustainability has recently become more and more of a concern in logistics service industry. Although studies on sustainable initiatives among logistics service providers (LSP) have been increasing in th... Environmental sustainability has recently become more and more of a concern in logistics service industry. Although studies on sustainable initiatives among logistics service providers (LSP) have been increasing in the extant literature, still little investigation has been performed between LSPs and shippers. The present paper aims to demonstrate award-gained sustainable logistics service initiatives implemented during the period 2006-2017 in Japan. Different with questionnaire- and interview-based studies employed in literature, we use text mining technique to explore the co-occurring links of data, i.e. connections of the practices, to present the collaborative sustainability actions carried out through providing and requiring logistics services. In contrast to the research regarding green supply chain management focused on manufacturing perspective, this study is positioned in the dual sides of consignors and logistics business operators, to depict their combined effort in achieving sustainability goals. The results of the study showed that text mining technique is useful for summarizing and presenting data in this research area. However, much remains to be learned about how to deal with the data more means-end logically for revealing more indirect associations between the data. 展开更多
关键词 Green LOGISTICS INITIATIVE text mining SHIPPER LOGISTICS service PROVIDER COLLABORATIVE LOGISTICS SUSTAINABILITY development
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欧盟可信人工智能的伦理指南(草案)介绍 预览
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作者 李宁 贺佳瀛 黄紫婓 《信息安全与通信保密》 2019年第1期69-77,共9页
欧盟委员会的人工智能高级专家组于2018年12月发布了《可信人工智能伦理指南草案》,该指南提出了一个可信人工智能框架,强调伦理的规范性和技术的健壮性,并提出总计10项可信人工智能的要求和12项技术、非技术性用于实现可信人工智能的方... 欧盟委员会的人工智能高级专家组于2018年12月发布了《可信人工智能伦理指南草案》,该指南提出了一个可信人工智能框架,强调伦理的规范性和技术的健壮性,并提出总计10项可信人工智能的要求和12项技术、非技术性用于实现可信人工智能的方法,同时设计出一套评估清单,便于企业和监管方进行对照。当前我国也在大力发展人工智能产业,长远来看,技术的安全性及合乎人类社会伦理规范至关重要,因此此次欧盟发布的指南草案对我国制定相关准则有一定的借鉴意义。同时,对于力图进入欧盟市场的国内人工智能企业而言,应密切关注欧盟的相关监管要求,并为此做好准备。 展开更多
关键词 AI倡议可信 伦理规范
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学术期刊与第三方平台融合发展:动因、现状、机制与生态链构建
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作者 吴朝平 张海生 《编辑学报》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第3期267-270,共4页
分析学术期刊与第三方平台融合发展的动因及现状,指出在学术期刊自身媒体生态建设不成熟的现实情境下,谋求与成熟、集成、有影响力、专业的第三方平台融合发展,是当下学术期刊媒体融合发展的有效途径和可能模式。学术期刊与第三方平台... 分析学术期刊与第三方平台融合发展的动因及现状,指出在学术期刊自身媒体生态建设不成熟的现实情境下,谋求与成熟、集成、有影响力、专业的第三方平台融合发展,是当下学术期刊媒体融合发展的有效途径和可能模式。学术期刊与第三方平台媒体融合发展机制的形成取决于3个主要因素:基础条件是学术期刊的内容生产质量;推进的关键是学术期刊与第三方平台的主动精神;有效传播的前提是签署版权协议。学术期刊与第三方平台合作是推进学术期刊媒体融合和实现学术信息广泛传播的有效模式,但成功的关键是建立起学术期刊融合发展的合作机制和健康生态链。 展开更多
关键词 学术期刊 第三方平台 合作机制 内容生产 主动精神 媒体融合生态链
The Impact of the US Interest Rate Hike on Emerging Market Economies and the Belt and Road Initiative
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作者 Shuyu Wu Biliang Hu Qingzhong Pan 《中国与世界经济:英文版》 2019年第3期126-142,共17页
Since the end of 2015,the US Federal Reserve has raised its benchmark interest rate nine times.This has led to capital outflows and asset depreciation in many emerging market economies.The present paper examines the f... Since the end of 2015,the US Federal Reserve has raised its benchmark interest rate nine times.This has led to capital outflows and asset depreciation in many emerging market economies.The present paper examines the factors that determine the financial volatility of emerging markets in the face of external shocks.By calculating the capital flows of 30 emerging markets from 1990 to 2018 and conducting panel regression,this paper finds that countries with good infrastructure facilities,a sound banking system and high economic growth have significantly lower cross-border financial risks.An implication from the empirical analysis is that emerging countries would benefit greatly by actively taking part in the Belt and Road Initiative.The framework of the Belt and Road Initiative allows emerging countries better access to China s massive consumer market to promote trade and long-term growth.Their quality of infrastructure can be improved through cooperation with China in infrastructure investment.They can also jointly establish a cooperative financial framework to enhance regional financial stability.These strategies will reduce systematic financial risks and counteract the negative impacts of US interest rate hikes. 展开更多
关键词 BELT and ROAD INITIATIVE CROSS-BORDER capital flows emerging market ECONOMIES US interest rate hike
Discussion on Kazakhstan’s Construction Laws from the Perspective of the Belt and Road Initiative 预览
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作者 Li Shan 《当代社会科学(英文)》 2019年第1期65-70,共6页
This article introduces the present situations of Chinese enterprises engaged in construction in Kazakhstan under the Belt and Road Initiative,analyzes the three main legal issues faced by Chinese enterprisesc and the... This article introduces the present situations of Chinese enterprises engaged in construction in Kazakhstan under the Belt and Road Initiative,analyzes the three main legal issues faced by Chinese enterprisesc and the related laws and regulations in Kazakhstan,and finially provides some legal advice forChinese companies. 展开更多
关键词 the BELT and ROAD INITIATIVE construction LAWS and REGULATIONS ADVICE
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中国的国际规范创新:内涵、特性与问题分析 预览
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作者 尹继武 《人民论坛·学术前沿》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第3期74-85,共12页
21世纪以来,中国如何向国际社会贡献新的价值、理念和模式,成为中国外交的一项重要课题。与传统认识不同的是,基于世界观、行为准则和制度体系的三层次规范内涵分析,中国进行了丰富的国际规范倡议和创新。未来如何更好地增强中国的规范... 21世纪以来,中国如何向国际社会贡献新的价值、理念和模式,成为中国外交的一项重要课题。与传统认识不同的是,基于世界观、行为准则和制度体系的三层次规范内涵分析,中国进行了丰富的国际规范倡议和创新。未来如何更好地增强中国的规范供给和创新,是中国崛起和复兴的合法性和正当性基础,也是中国向国际社会贡献和平发展力量的重要内容。 展开更多
关键词 中国外交 国际规范 倡议 创新
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The Adjustment of the Abe Administration’s Policy on China and Its Limits 预览
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作者 Lyu Yaodong 《现代国际关系:英文版》 2019年第1期90-110,共21页
The adjustment of the Abe administration’s foreign policy on China from tension toward détente was achieved through the combination of internal and external factors such as the China School within the Japanese r... The adjustment of the Abe administration’s foreign policy on China from tension toward détente was achieved through the combination of internal and external factors such as the China School within the Japanese ruling coalition, Japan’s business community and US economic protectionism. Starting from the promotion of bilateral interaction by means of the China-Japan Ruling Party Exchange Mechanism to discussing the feasibility of China-Japan economic and trade cooperation under the Belt and Road Initiative(BRI), and influenced by US trade protectionism in particular, the Abe administration decided to implement foreign policy that would ease tensions between China and Japan,claiming that China-Japan relations'has entered the era of coordination from that of competition.'The adjustment of the Abe administration’s China policy is still tactical, and it remains uncertain whether Japan can adhere to the spirit of the four political documents signed between China and Japan and implement the four-point principled agreement they reached. 展开更多
关键词 China-Japan RELATIONS China POLICY BELT and ROAD INITIATIVE COORDINATION
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制药工艺学课程改革初探
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作者 杨清 《中国多媒体与网络教学学报(电子版)》 2019年第5期40-41,共2页
制药工艺学是一门对实践性和应用性要求较高的一门学科,然而当前高校传统的教学方式存在学生积极性不高、教学质量差、理论与实践相背离等问题,针对这种现象,笔者提出改变课堂教学形式、校企结合、中医药结合以及双语学习结合等方法,以... 制药工艺学是一门对实践性和应用性要求较高的一门学科,然而当前高校传统的教学方式存在学生积极性不高、教学质量差、理论与实践相背离等问题,针对这种现象,笔者提出改变课堂教学形式、校企结合、中医药结合以及双语学习结合等方法,以提高制药工艺学教学水平,培养适合经济发展需要的制药工艺人才。 展开更多
关键词 制药工艺学 理论与实践结合 积极性
现代化治理视域下的刑事政策导向--能动与有限的分野 预览
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作者 满涛 《西北民族大学学报:哲学社会科学版》 CSSCI 2019年第1期51-57,共7页
国家治理现代化已成为我国当前改革施政的总纲领。法律治理与政策治理是国家治理现代化的基本技术进路。在犯罪治理体系中,刑事政策兼具法律规则与公共政策的双重属性是现代化治理的理性工具。面对现代化治理的具体诉求,刑事政策对于刑... 国家治理现代化已成为我国当前改革施政的总纲领。法律治理与政策治理是国家治理现代化的基本技术进路。在犯罪治理体系中,刑事政策兼具法律规则与公共政策的双重属性是现代化治理的理性工具。面对现代化治理的具体诉求,刑事政策对于刑事立法、刑事司法与公共政策运行三大方面均表现出良性的助推功用。从宏观叙事到具体用力,我国当前刑事政策在治理情境中不能实施从头至尾的积极考量,而应当严格区分立法与司法两相操作之间的路径差异,在区别对待中努力构造能动之治与有限之治双向分野的刑事政策治理图式。 展开更多
关键词 国家治理 法治能力 刑事政策 能动 有限
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现代学校与甲左村变迁的口述史研究
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作者 丁月牙 《民族教育研究》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第3期89-96,共8页
本文以口述史为研究方法,对中国西南的一个水族村寨--甲左村的现代学校发展史进行研究,从微观视角考察了学校与乡土社会变迁之间的互动关系。基于村民口述资料,发现现代学校在村寨的出现虽是国家力量的产物,与村民进入现代社会体系所经... 本文以口述史为研究方法,对中国西南的一个水族村寨--甲左村的现代学校发展史进行研究,从微观视角考察了学校与乡土社会变迁之间的互动关系。基于村民口述资料,发现现代学校在村寨的出现虽是国家力量的产物,与村民进入现代社会体系所经历的信任危机以及由此教育需求不谋而合。学校借助这种需求扎根于村寨,进而又在村寨内部通过教育现代空间的确立和受教育者的培养推动了村寨传统社区向现代社会的变迁。文章进一步探讨了学校推动甲左村变迁的作用机制及其二重性问题:学校孕育了受教育村民的现代性,也赋予他们反思和生成现代性的能力和主动性,使他们得以在日常生活中积极践行传统与现代的整合重构,让甲左村的变迁具有自身的个性化和多样性。 展开更多
关键词 学校 村寨变迁 空间 能动性 口述史 教育人类学
高校课堂中激发学生学习主动性的策略探究 预览
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作者 梁尚明 贺亚博 杨勇 《教育教学论坛》 2019年第24期145-146,共2页
长期以来,高校课堂教学中存在着教育思想观念滞后、教学方法传统、教学内容枯燥、课堂教学管理有缺陷等问题,严重影响学生学习的主动性和教学质量。提高课堂教学质量,可以从知识、技能、回顾与理解、分析与批判思维、综合思维和创造性... 长期以来,高校课堂教学中存在着教育思想观念滞后、教学方法传统、教学内容枯燥、课堂教学管理有缺陷等问题,严重影响学生学习的主动性和教学质量。提高课堂教学质量,可以从知识、技能、回顾与理解、分析与批判思维、综合思维和创造性思维几方面来激发学生学习的主动性。 展开更多
关键词 主动性 分析与批判思维 综合思维 创造性思维
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Reporting on Land as Natural Capital by Gold Mining Houses in South Africa 预览
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作者 Anet Smit TK Bungane 《管理研究:英文版》 2019年第4期300-314,共15页
Motivated by the increasing popularity and advocating for integrated reporting by companies on their operations,the aim of this paper is to determine the disclosure levels on land by mining houses in South Africa in t... Motivated by the increasing popularity and advocating for integrated reporting by companies on their operations,the aim of this paper is to determine the disclosure levels on land by mining houses in South Africa in their integrated reports.Developing countries,such as South Africa should ensure sustainability of their natural resources in their endeavour of growing their economies.The mining sector in South Africa is a huge contributor to the economy,but also has a significant impact on land conservation.The complexity of mining activities and impacts thereof make it challenging for organisations to disclose information on land.This paper is descriptive by design;it contains a literature review,followed by a content analysis of the mining houses integrated reports by using a checklist.The checklist was based on recommendations by the Global Reporting Initiative(GRI)guidelines as to what the content of the integrated report on land should be.Fourteen mining houses operating in South Africa and registered on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange(JSE)were identified and analysed for this study.The findings of the paper display low levels of overall disclosure on land by the South African mining companies.However,there were high levels of disclosure for EN11,EN12,and MM1 sector-specific supplement in the integrated reports.Low levels of disclosure by the mining companies were evident in MM2 the sector-specific recommendations as well as the physical and monetary information related to MM2. 展开更多
关键词 NATURAL CAPITAL environmental impact LAND MINING Global REPORTING INITIATIVE 4 integrated REPORTING
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技术时代关于大学之道的省思 预览 被引量:1
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作者 桑海云 马培培 《大学教育科学》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第1期17-22,123共7页
技术已经成为大学不可或缺的一部分,如大学的其他组成要素一样与大学纠缠在一起。技术对大学的影响有利也有弊:一方面,技术推开大学命运的边界,打破传统高等教育在时间与空间对受教育者的限制;另一方面,大学又在投入成本和教育理念上受... 技术已经成为大学不可或缺的一部分,如大学的其他组成要素一样与大学纠缠在一起。技术对大学的影响有利也有弊:一方面,技术推开大学命运的边界,打破传统高等教育在时间与空间对受教育者的限制;另一方面,大学又在投入成本和教育理念上受到技术的钳制。无论技术给大学带来新生或是危机,大学已无法回避这一切。当下大学需要做的是重新思考技术时代大学应该坚守些什么以及应该改变些什么。一是重新思考技术时代如何复苏人文学科和它们曾在大学中享有的权威性,以坚守固有的理性;二是大学主动变革自身、引领技术,使其成为技术的主人而不是奴隶。 展开更多
关键词 技术时代 大学之道 大学变革 高等教育边界 理性思考
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Study on Countermeasures to Enhance the Influence of Chinese Culture Under “The Belt and Road” Initiative 预览
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作者 Li Qiufang 《学术界》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第5期224-234,共11页
“The Belt and Road”(abb.B & R) Initiative reflects the essence of Chinese traditional culture -“harmony is precious”.Although the countries along B&R share the cultural legacy of the ancient silk roads,the... “The Belt and Road”(abb.B & R) Initiative reflects the essence of Chinese traditional culture -“harmony is precious”.Although the countries along B&R share the cultural legacy of the ancient silk roads,the economic development,ethnic characteristics and religious beliefs of the countries today vary dramatically.Since the beginning of the new century,China has carried out the strategy of “Going Global” in culture,striving to enhance the radiating power of Chinese culture in the world and the power of influence at the international level.Starting from exploring resources of publicity from B&R areas,developing counterpart cultural products,expanding channels of communication,improving service facilities and other strategies,the country has developed and improved channels for cultural communication and is striving to establish a new system of all-round,multi-level and effective communication.Meanwhile,under the support of international cultural organizations and institutions,by making good use of international platforms,the country hopes to explore new development concepts and models of Chinese culture,and to promote cultural identity between different regions,to enhance the international influence of national culture through its active participation in national cultural activities and active identification to the junction point. 展开更多
关键词 The BELT and ROAD INITIATIVE ENHANCE influence of the Chinese culture COUNTERMEASURES
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大学英语语法教学探索 预览
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作者 李世萍 《江西电力职业技术学院学报》 CAS 2019年第1期135-136,共2页
语法是学习者掌握和运用一门语言不可缺少的条件,在大学英语教学过程中仍然起着重要的作用。一些大学老师为了提高学生的口语能力,在课堂上开展各种口语训练教学活动,而不去提出他们的语法错误,有些学生为了完成老师给的任务,根本不顾... 语法是学习者掌握和运用一门语言不可缺少的条件,在大学英语教学过程中仍然起着重要的作用。一些大学老师为了提高学生的口语能力,在课堂上开展各种口语训练教学活动,而不去提出他们的语法错误,有些学生为了完成老师给的任务,根本不顾句子的语法错误,甚至有些还是所谓的“中文式英语”。久而久之,他们的语法错误也就越来越多了。通过对大学英语语法的教学现状进行分析和反思,面对英语成绩参差不齐的大学生,根据学生的实际情况,作者设计和制定了一些适合大学生的教学方法,为学生创造了一个良好的学习环境,使教师和学生正确理解和对待英语语法学习。 展开更多
关键词 语法 积极性 主动性
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虚拟现实训练对帕金森病患者步行能力的影响 预览
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作者 冯浩 李翠云 +5 位作者 刘镓雨 王亮 马静 李光磊 甘露 商晓英 《中国卫生标准管理》 2019年第12期32-34,共3页
目的观察虚拟现实训练对帕金森病患者步行能力的影响。方法随机选取2016年10月-2018年4月帕金森病患者28例,分为治疗组和对照组,各14例。对照组采用传统康复治疗方法;治疗组采用虚拟现实康复训练技术。采用功能步态评定(FGA)、定时"... 目的观察虚拟现实训练对帕金森病患者步行能力的影响。方法随机选取2016年10月-2018年4月帕金森病患者28例,分为治疗组和对照组,各14例。对照组采用传统康复治疗方法;治疗组采用虚拟现实康复训练技术。采用功能步态评定(FGA)、定时"Up and Go"测试(TUGT)评定。观察治疗前后12周步行能力改善情况。结果治疗前,两组FGA评分(14.71±2.67 vs. 16.21±2.58)及TUGT时间(30.93±5.55 vs. 34.21±6.41)差异均无统计学意义(P> 0.05)。治疗后,两组FGA评分(21.21±3.95 vs. 18.43±3.09)及TUGT时间(35.14±5.07 vs. 37.86±3.92)均提高(P <0.05),治疗组步行能力改善程度优于对照组(P <0.05)。结论虚拟现实康复训练可改善帕金森病患者步行能力。 展开更多
关键词 虚拟现实 康复训练 传统治疗 帕金森病 主动性 步行能力
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