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Using Leading Indicators to Improve Project Performance Measurement
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作者 Li Zheng Claude Baron +3 位作者 Philippe Esteban Rui Xue Qiang Zhang Shanlin Yang 《系统科学与系统工程学报:英文版》 SCIE EI CSCD 2019年第5期529-554,共26页
Project performance measurement offers a wide range of methods to help project managers monitor projects.However,several critical issues remain in project performance measurement,such as an unbalanced use of indicator... Project performance measurement offers a wide range of methods to help project managers monitor projects.However,several critical issues remain in project performance measurement,such as an unbalanced use of indicators due to a lack of prediction-based (leading) indicators with regard to outcome-based (lagging) indicators.For its part,systems engineering measurement,although a more recent discipline,offers a wide variety of indicators,including a set of leading indicators.As our objective is to increase project performance and success rates,this involves improving project performance measurement on which project management decisions are based.This purpose,the proposal put forward in this paper is to extend the number and type of indicators used in project performance measurement by adapting the leading indicators defined in systems engineering measurement.The methodology involves first mapping the systems engineering indicators with the project management activities,resulting in identification of a set of potentially useful indicators for measuring the different activities,then tailoring a selection of these indicators with project-specific data to define a set of the most relevant indicators for a given project.This methodology is illustrated by means of a case study in a manufacturing company. 展开更多
关键词 PROJECT performance MEASUREMENT systems ENGINEERING MEASUREMENT LEADING INDICATORS lagging INDICATORS
Environmental Sustainability: A 30-Year Progress Assessment in Portugal 预览
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作者 Rita Cravo José Guerreiro 《环境保护(英文)》 2019年第11期1507-1535,共29页
Sustainable development is a common goal for all countries since the concept was adopted at the 1992 Rio Conference. European Union (EU) became a world leader in most of indicators despite successive enlargement of co... Sustainable development is a common goal for all countries since the concept was adopted at the 1992 Rio Conference. European Union (EU) became a world leader in most of indicators despite successive enlargement of country members with newcomers often facing basic environmental problems. In 1986, Portugal became a member of the European Economic Community (EEC), and immediately began to reflect its environmental policies. Over the last 30 years, the support of EU funds and the implementation of environmental public policies in Portugal, have been essential for the country’s sustainable development. As a result, Portugal’s standards started to be closer to those of the EU and, in some cases even exceeded it. The present article addresses, for the first time, a long series of 30 years (1987-2017), in a retrospective analysis of a set of indicators, in order to characterize the evolution of Portugal’s environmental sustainability, its relationship to the national public policies, and in the context of the EU. The progress of the indicators towards specific environmental sustainability targets is also evaluated. Moreover, a set of key indicators that also evaluate the goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development are identified. The results show that the evolution of Portugal’s environmental sustainability in the last 30 years was remarkable. The water standards, air quality, urban waste, and energy sectors showed high improvement. However, the evolution in the sectors such as land use, and environmental risks, particularly forest fires, were negative. On the other hand, for some indicators, such as renewable energies or bathing water quality, Portugal performed better than the EU-28. Environmental performance shows the positive influence of EU environment policies and structural support, changing dramatically the quality of the environment in Portugal, from a negative situation to a success case study in a generation period. 展开更多
关键词 Environmental SUSTAINABILITY INDICATORS SUSTAINABLE Development Goals 2030 AGENDA
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Correlations between five-pattern personality scores from traditional Chinese medicine and autonomic nervous response indicators in healthy female college students 预览
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作者 Jiayuan Zhang Tianfang Wang +6 位作者 Jian Du Rong Yuan Yangyang Fan Yemeng Chen Yan Zhao Rachel Han Lihong Zhao 《中医科学杂志(英文)》 2019年第2期131-137,共7页
Objective:To explore the correlations between five-pattern personality scores and autonomic nervous response indicators in Chinese female college students,to provide a foundation for further exploration of the modern ... Objective:To explore the correlations between five-pattern personality scores and autonomic nervous response indicators in Chinese female college students,to provide a foundation for further exploration of the modern physiological basis of these personality types.Methods:Subjects were asked to fill in 'The Five-Pattern Personality Inventory' (revised edition 2008).Taiyang,Shaoyang,yin-yang balance,Taiyin,and Shaoyin personalities were scored.The galvanic skin response and heart rate,and the low frequency (LF),high frequency (HF),and LF/HF ratio of heart rate variability were collected using a 16-channel physiological recorder (BIOPAC MP150).Relationship between the five-pattern personality scores and autonomic nervous response indicators was analyzed using bivariate correlation.Results:The five-pattern personality scores of the subjects were compared with national averages.The Taiyang and Shaoyang personality scores of the subjects were significantly lower than the overall national average,the national female average,and the national female average in the 18-29-year-old age group (all P <.05).The Taiyang personality score was negatively correlated with both the LF and the HF (P =.009 and P =.001,respectively),and the yin-yang balance personality score was significantly negatively correlated with the galvanic skin response (P =.026).Conclusion:There is a relationship between five-pattern personality scores and autonomic nervous response indicators in Chinese female college students.The higher the Taiyang personality score,the lower the sympathetic and vagus nerve excitability;the higher the yinyang balance personality score,the lower the sympathetic nerve excitability. 展开更多
关键词 Five-pattern PERSONALITY Female college student AUTONOMIC nervous response INDICATORS Correlation
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文化产业与体育产业中体育消费统计现状研究 预览
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作者 杨涛 李法伟 蔡军 《首都体育学院学报》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第4期316-320,共5页
为了完善体育消费统计指标,运用文献资料法、访谈法、德尔菲法、数理统计法等,归纳体育产业、文化产业分类统计经验,分析当前体育消费统计现状,发现体育消费统计指标体系尚需完善、体育消费统计调查编码和调查方案亟待更新。在体育产业... 为了完善体育消费统计指标,运用文献资料法、访谈法、德尔菲法、数理统计法等,归纳体育产业、文化产业分类统计经验,分析当前体育消费统计现状,发现体育消费统计指标体系尚需完善、体育消费统计调查编码和调查方案亟待更新。在体育产业、文化产业消费统计经验基础上,提出体育产业与文化产业中体育消费统计调查协同推进策略。 展开更多
关键词 体育消费 体育产业 文化产业 体育消费统计 指标 统计现状
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高职院校贵重仪器设备分类绩效考核模式研究 预览
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作者 丁红运 《广东轻工职业技术学院学报》 2019年第3期32-35,共4页
随着高职院校进入快速发展期,各高职院校在贵重仪器设备购置方面的投入也越来越多。但较购置而言,各高职院校在贵重仪器设备绩效考核层面还有所欠缺。通过设计高职院校贵重仪器设备分类绩效考核的指标,将贵重仪器设备分为教学型、科研... 随着高职院校进入快速发展期,各高职院校在贵重仪器设备购置方面的投入也越来越多。但较购置而言,各高职院校在贵重仪器设备绩效考核层面还有所欠缺。通过设计高职院校贵重仪器设备分类绩效考核的指标,将贵重仪器设备分为教学型、科研型和技术服务型进行绩效考核。 展开更多
关键词 高职院校 贵重仪器设备 分类绩效考核 指标
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评估机构影响力的标准化指数:MZE指数 预览
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作者 戴星 《情报杂志》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第10期153-160,190共9页
[目的/意义]介绍一种新型机构学术影响力评估指标—MZE指数,系统性比较MZE指数与H指数,以促进MZE指数的推广与应用。[方法/过程]详细介绍MZE指数思想,阐述MZE指数计算公式,比较MZE指数与H指数的一致性与差异性,以图书情报学科的研究机... [目的/意义]介绍一种新型机构学术影响力评估指标—MZE指数,系统性比较MZE指数与H指数,以促进MZE指数的推广与应用。[方法/过程]详细介绍MZE指数思想,阐述MZE指数计算公式,比较MZE指数与H指数的一致性与差异性,以图书情报学科的研究机构为实证对象,检验MZE指数的科学性。[结果/结论]MZE指数与H指数在评估对象、指标类型等具有一致性,在区分度、敏感性、波动性等差异明显;MZE指数区分度较高,与其他评估指标的相关性较强,研究机构名次变化明显,可以作为一种独立量化指标。 展开更多
关键词 文献计量 H指数 MZE指数 评估指标 绩效评价
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地球化学勘查固体样品采集的野外质量评价指标 预览
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作者 潘寅 《世界有色金属》 2019年第7期272-273,共2页
随着近些年来我国地质勘探领域的发展,各种先进勘查技术被大量应用,有力地推动了行业进步,为国家全面建设发挥积极的建设性作用。对于地质勘探技术来说,地球化学勘查是必不可少的勘查方式,通过对固体样品的现场勘查,可以直接了解相关的... 随着近些年来我国地质勘探领域的发展,各种先进勘查技术被大量应用,有力地推动了行业进步,为国家全面建设发挥积极的建设性作用。对于地质勘探技术来说,地球化学勘查是必不可少的勘查方式,通过对固体样品的现场勘查,可以直接了解相关的地质构造和成分组成,为进一步的开发利用和环境保护提供准确的数据基础。本文探讨了地球化学勘查固体样品采集的技术问题,就野外质量评价指标进行深入阐释,对于该领域的相关研究有一定的借鉴意义。 展开更多
关键词 地球化学勘查 固体样品采集 野外质量评价 指标
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水中重金属监测质量控制指标分析 预览
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作者 黄远 《中国资源综合利用》 2019年第1期122-124,共3页
本研究旨在分析水中重金属监测质量控制指标。其间对省内各监测站的相关监测数据进行统计,对重金属检测的准确度、精密度等质控指标水平进行分析,并和相关标准进行比较。结果表明,我国重金属监测数据的室内相对偏差范围基本符合行业标... 本研究旨在分析水中重金属监测质量控制指标。其间对省内各监测站的相关监测数据进行统计,对重金属检测的准确度、精密度等质控指标水平进行分析,并和相关标准进行比较。结果表明,我国重金属监测数据的室内相对偏差范围基本符合行业标准规定,而加标回收率范围则较标准要求更加理想。因此,通过深入分析和探讨室间相对误差和相对偏差,完善质量控制评价体系,提出相关项目质量控制指标的建议值,能为重金属元素监测质量控制提供指导。 展开更多
关键词 重金属 水中 监测 质量控制 指标
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幸福感测量指标体系的评价与展望
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作者 刘蕾 孙五俊 +1 位作者 姜媛 方平 《中国特殊教育》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第2期66-73,共8页
目的:厘清现有国内外幸福感测量工具中的结构维度,为编制符合我国国情的幸福感测量工具提供科学依据。方法:系统检索4个国内外数据库,从459项幸福感测量工具研究中筛选,有25项符合既定纳入标准。使用五项编码指导对这些测量工具进行评估... 目的:厘清现有国内外幸福感测量工具中的结构维度,为编制符合我国国情的幸福感测量工具提供科学依据。方法:系统检索4个国内外数据库,从459项幸福感测量工具研究中筛选,有25项符合既定纳入标准。使用五项编码指导对这些测量工具进行评估,并对其所测维度进行内容分析。结果:内容分析明确了19个维度。这些工具包含最普遍的维度为积极关系、身心状况、生活满意。这些维度在所有测量工具中占比分别为84.2%、57.9%、52.6%。结论:幸福感测量指标体系是多维的,且各维度重要性不同。未来幸福感指标体系构建应立足我国实际,加强理论构建,推进维度的整合与权重分析。 展开更多
关键词 幸福感 测量工具 指标体系 评价
Exploratory analysis of structural diversity indicators at stand level in three Italian beech sites and implications for sustainable forest management 预览
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作者 Giada Bertini Claudia Becagli +3 位作者 Ugo Chiavetta Fabrizio Ferretti Gianfranco Fabbio Luca Salvati 《林业研究:英文版》 CAS CSCD 2019年第1期121-127,共7页
The present study introduces an exploratory data analysis based on structural indicators with the aim to assess the effect of silvicultural practices on tree stand structure.The study was carried out in three Italian ... The present study introduces an exploratory data analysis based on structural indicators with the aim to assess the effect of silvicultural practices on tree stand structure.The study was carried out in three Italian beech forests of different ages with stand structures that originated from dissimilar regeneration and cultivation techniques(Cansiglio,northern Italy,Chiarano,central Italy,and Mongiana,southern Italy).Ten structural indicators were considered when investigating the latent multivariate relationship between stand structure attributes before and after thinning operations by using a multiway factor analysis(MFA).The MFA results identified the older stand at Cansiglio as more homogeneous for cultivation regimes,and more stable to practices when compared with the younger sites(Chiarano and Mongiana).Heterogeneous stands were sensitive to silvicultural practice thus suggesting their possible impact on forest attributes.The proposed approach proved to be an operational tool to evaluate comprehensively the response of forest structure to planned interventions. 展开更多
关键词 Forest DIVERSITY Multiway factor analysis SILVICULTURE Structural DIVERSITY INDICATORS Tree STAND structure
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世界一流企业人力资源管理要素及指标构建 预览
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作者 罗锡庆 《石油化工管理干部学院学报》 2019年第4期7-12,33共7页
党的十九大发出了“培育具有全球竞争力的世界一流企业”的号令,一流的企业需要一流的人才,没有人才,一切归零。本文从人才战略、管控模式以及职能管理三方面分析世界一流企业人力资源管理的典型特征,提出企业人力资源管理关键要素指标。
关键词 一流企业 人力资源 要素 指标
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Water quality and sediment contamination assessment of Pazarsuyu Stream, Turkey using multivariate statistical methods and pollution indicators 预览
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作者 Fikret Ustao(g)lu Yal(c)in Tepe 《国际水土保持研究(英文)》 2019年第1期47-56,共10页
The spatio-temporal variations of surface water quality and the level of metal contamination in the sediment of Pazarsuyu Stream were determined by using multivariate statistical techniques and pollution indicators,re... The spatio-temporal variations of surface water quality and the level of metal contamination in the sediment of Pazarsuyu Stream were determined by using multivariate statistical techniques and pollution indicators,respectively.The water and sediment samples were collected monthly from four different stations along the Pazarsuyu Stream between June 2014 and May 2015 and analyzed using standard methods.Results were assessed according to national and international water quality criteria and the water quality parameters in some stations were found to be over these criteria levels.The present study showed that statistical techniques such as Pearson Correlation Index (PCI),Principal Component Analysis (PCA),Cluster Analysis (CA),One Way ANOVA need to be used to get better information for the studies on the water quality of surface waters.PCA identified six factors accounting for 82.88% of the total variation in the data.The abundance of sediment heavy metals was in the order of Fe > Mn > Zn > Pb > Cu> Cr > Co > Cd.The heavy metal contamination in the sediments was evaluated by applying the enrichment factor (EF),contamination factor (CF),geoaccumulation index (lgeo) and potential ecological risk index (PERI).Pb was heavily contaminated and has a significant enrichment of contamination according to calculated EF values.Therefore,the stream water can be used for irrigation with precaution but extensive treatment required before using for domestic purposes to prevent adverse public health effects. 展开更多
关键词 Pazarsuyu STREAM Water quality MULTIVARIATE STATISTICAL techniques SEDIMENT Heavy metals Pollution INDICATORS
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住院医师规范化培训带教师资评价指标探讨 预览
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作者 张艺能 周晓舟 +4 位作者 朱桂平 朱瑶瑶 刘胜全 赵雅男 龙华 《中国现代医生》 2019年第21期1-4,共4页
目的探索住院医师规范化培训(简称“住培”)学员对带教师资评价的调查问卷指标设置、调查实施和效果分析,以提升带教质量。方法通过论证制定评价指标的量表,设置“为人师表和帮助融入科室团队、帮助学员制定学习计划和需要、带教的实施... 目的探索住院医师规范化培训(简称“住培”)学员对带教师资评价的调查问卷指标设置、调查实施和效果分析,以提升带教质量。方法通过论证制定评价指标的量表,设置“为人师表和帮助融入科室团队、帮助学员制定学习计划和需要、带教的实施和质量、适时恰当给予学员反馈”等5个维度,安排每6个月、3个月和1个月以电子问卷的形式对住培学员进行调查,采集学员对带教师资的评价意见,对设定指标进行统计分析。结果每个月开展一次问卷调查得到的回收率最优;问卷总平均分为(90.89±0.62)分,信度系数为0.90,反映了住培学员对带教师资的整体满意度良好,评价指标内部一致性和稳定性较好。结论本研究的调查具有良好的信度,对于管理部门了解师资带教情况,改进培训教学质量具有参考意义。 展开更多
关键词 住院医师规范化培训 带教 评价 指标
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Analyzing construction safety through time series methods
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作者 Houchen CAO Yang Miang GOH 《工程管理前沿:英文版》 2019年第2期262-274,共13页
The construction industry produces a large amount of data on a daily basis. However, existing data sets have not been fully exploited in analyzing the safety factors of construction projects. Thus, this work describes... The construction industry produces a large amount of data on a daily basis. However, existing data sets have not been fully exploited in analyzing the safety factors of construction projects. Thus, this work describes how temporal analysis techniques can be applied to improve the safety management of construction data. Various time series (TS) methods were adopted for identifying the leading indicators or predictors of construction accidents. The data set used herein was obtained from a large construction company that is based in Singapore and contains safety inspection scores, accident cases, and project-related data collected from 2008 to 2015. Five projects with complete and sufficient data for temporal analysis were selected from the data set. The filtered data set contained 23 potential leading indicators (predictors or input variables) of accidents (output or dependent variable). TS analyses were used to identify suitable accident predictors for each of the five projects. Subsequently, the selected input variables were used to develop three different TS models for predicting accident occurrences, and the vector error correction model was found to be the best model. It had the lowest root mean squared error value for three of the five projects analyzed. This study provides insights into how construction companies can utilize TS data analysis to identify projects with high risk of accidents. 展开更多
关键词 time series TEMPORAL construction safety LEADING INDICATORS ACCIDENT PREVENTION forecasting
基于量化考核的应用型高校学生德育管理研究 预览
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作者 田园 范慧英 +1 位作者 田文生 代秀峰 《北华航天工业学院学报》 CAS 2019年第1期59-62,共4页
量化考核在学生德育管理中的应用能够有效地引导学生成人成才,为应用型高校学生由学校走向社会在思维模式和行为习惯上打好基础。德育量化考核的良好运行需要五大要素:建立德育量化考核的指标体系;形成全校上下协同的德育量化管理体制;... 量化考核在学生德育管理中的应用能够有效地引导学生成人成才,为应用型高校学生由学校走向社会在思维模式和行为习惯上打好基础。德育量化考核的良好运行需要五大要素:建立德育量化考核的指标体系;形成全校上下协同的德育量化管理体制;充分发挥学生的主动性;营造德育量化考核的文化氛围;由学校学生管理部门进行必要的指导监管。 展开更多
关键词 德育 量化管理 指标 应用型高校
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妇女健康指标的构建与思考 预览
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作者 郑真真 《山东女子学院学报》 2019年第6期1-12,共12页
在中国当前的发展阶段,有必要考虑构建与现阶段相适应、能够有效反映社会变化的性别平等和妇女健康指标。国际发展目标中与妇女健康相关的指标和国内外性别平等指数或发展规划中与健康相关的指标,各有其适用性和局限性。在以发展和赋权... 在中国当前的发展阶段,有必要考虑构建与现阶段相适应、能够有效反映社会变化的性别平等和妇女健康指标。国际发展目标中与妇女健康相关的指标和国内外性别平等指数或发展规划中与健康相关的指标,各有其适用性和局限性。在以发展和赋权为框架分析女性健康问题的基础上,考虑到女性全生命周期不同时期的健康风险和性别不平等问题,根据中国当前社会经济发展阶段,推荐以结果测量为主的三套供评估和监测的妇女健康指标。除了应用国家和省市级统计数据构建宏观指标外,充分利用抽样调查资料在个体层面对妇女健康进行评价和分析,并与宏观指标相结合,分析内部差异和变化及其影响因素和影响机制也很重要。 展开更多
关键词 妇女健康 指标 发展 赋权
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普萘洛尔片联合噻吗洛尔外用治疗婴幼儿面部混合型血管瘤的效果观察 预览
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作者 何德荣 李立帜 《中国医疗美容》 2019年第10期66-70,共5页
目的分析在婴幼儿面部混合型血管瘤患儿的药物治疗当中,普萘洛尔片联合噻吗洛尔的实际应用效果。方法:选择本院儿科2018年5月至2019年3月收治的32例婴幼儿面部混合型血管瘤患儿为相关对象,按照随机掷硬币方式将其均分成为对照组与观察组... 目的分析在婴幼儿面部混合型血管瘤患儿的药物治疗当中,普萘洛尔片联合噻吗洛尔的实际应用效果。方法:选择本院儿科2018年5月至2019年3月收治的32例婴幼儿面部混合型血管瘤患儿为相关对象,按照随机掷硬币方式将其均分成为对照组与观察组,给予对照组患儿常规药物治疗,观察组患儿则接受普萘洛尔片联合噻吗洛尔治疗,对两组患儿接受不同药物治疗后的实际效果、出现的不良反应情况、治疗后的血流动力学指标以及肝脏与心肌酶指标等。结果:观察组患儿接受治疗后的整体疗效明显好于对照组,且治疗后各项指标水平优于对照组对象,数据进行分析后差异存在统计学意义(P<0.05),但是两组患儿均未出现严重不良反应,这一数据比较后无差异存在(P> 0.05)。结论:针对患有面部混合型血管瘤的婴幼儿患儿,让其接受普萘洛尔片与噻吗洛尔进行治疗的效果较好,该药物值得应用。 展开更多
关键词 面部混合型血管瘤 普萘洛尔片 婴幼儿 效果 不良反应 指标
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Traditional Chinese Medicine Syndromes Distribution in Colorectal Cancer and its Association with Western Medicine Treatment and Clinical Laboratory Indicators
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作者 Meng-Die Yang Xiao-Le Chen +11 位作者 Xue-Qing Hu Xiao-Zheng Xie Wen-Jun Zhou Chun-Gen Zhou Bin Jiang Qing Ji Qi Li Peng Wang Zhi-Qiang Meng Wen-Hai Wang Yuan-Jia Hu Shi-Bing Su 《世界中医药杂志:英文版》 2019年第2期81-87,共7页
Objective:The objective of the study is to explore the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome distribution in colorectal cancer (CRC) and its correlation with treatment methods and clinical laboratory indicators.... Objective:The objective of the study is to explore the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome distribution in colorectal cancer (CRC) and its correlation with treatment methods and clinical laboratory indicators.Materials and Methods: Using the CRC cases report form of TCM,760 CRC patients with TCM four diagnosis information,western medicine treatment information and clinical laboratory indicators were collected,and TCM syndromes distribution in CRC were summarized.The correlation between TCM syndrome type and western medicine treatments,clinical laboratory indicators such as liver and kidney function,immune function,and tumor biomarkers was analyzed. Results:In 760 cases of CRC, Spleen deficiency syndrome (SDS, 25%),liver and kidney Yin deficiency syndrome (LKYDS, 13%), LKYDS-SDS,12%,spleen deficient Qi stagnation syndrome (SDQSS, 10%),and damp heat syndrome (DHS, 9%) were more common TCM syndrome types.LKYDS, SDS,LKYDS-SDS,and SDQSS were significantly distributed under different treatment methods (P < 0.001).There was no statistically significant difference in the distribution of immune fUnction and cytokine among the five TCM syndromes (P > 0.05),but there was statistically significant difference in the distribution of blood routine,liver and kidney function, and tumor biomarkers (P < 0.05). Conclusion: LKYDS,SDS,LKYDS-SDS, SDQSS,and DHS were the first five TCM syndromes in CRC.There were the significant correlations between the distribution of TCM syndrome and the clinical laboratory indicators,and the distribution of TCM syndromes was affected by surgery, radiotherapy,and chemotherapy. 展开更多
关键词 Clinical laboratory INDICATORS COLORECTAL cancer traditional Chinese medicine syndrome DISTRIBUTION treatment methods
Towards an integrative approach to evaluate the environmental ecosystem services provided by urban forest 预览
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作者 Samson Roeland Marco Moretti +11 位作者 Jorge Humberto Amorim Cristina Branquinho Silvano Fares Federico Morelli Ulo Niinemets Elena Paoletti Pedro Pinho Gregorio Sgrigna Vladimir Stojanovski Abhishek Tiwary Pierre Sicard Carlo Calfapietra 《林业研究:英文版》 CAS CSCD 2019年第6期1981-1996,共16页
As a Nature-Based Solution,urban forests deliver a number of environmental ecosystem services(EESs).To quantify these EESs,well-defined,reliable,quantifiable and stable indicators are needed.With literature analysis a... As a Nature-Based Solution,urban forests deliver a number of environmental ecosystem services(EESs).To quantify these EESs,well-defined,reliable,quantifiable and stable indicators are needed.With literature analysis and expert knowledge gathered within COST Action FP1204 GreenInUrbs,we proposed a classification of urban forest EESs into three categories:(A)regulation of air,water,soil and climate;(B)provisioning of habitat quality;and(C)provisioning of other goods and services.Each category is divided into EES types:(a)amelioration of air quality;restoration of soil and water;amelioration of the microclimate;removal of CO2 from the air;(b)provision of habitat for biodiversity;support for resilient urban ecosystems;provision of genetic diversity;and(c)provision of energy and nutrients;provision of grey infrastructure resilience.Each EES type provides one or more benefits.For each of these 12 benefits,we propose a set of indicators to be used when analyzing the impacts on the identified EESs.Around half of the 36 indicators are relevant to more than one single benefit,which highlights complex interrelationships.The indicators of wider applicability are tree and stand characteristics,followed by leaf physical traits and tree species composition.This knowledge is needed for the optimization of the EESs delivered by urban forests,now and in the future. 展开更多
关键词 URBAN FORESTS Environmental ECOSYSTEM services INDICATORS
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上海建设国内外重要的体育资源配置中心的标准与战略 预览
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作者 杜梅 江浩岚 《体育科研》 2019年第3期20-29,共10页
为明确上海建设国内外重要的体育资源配置中心的具体目标,采用规范研究方法,界定体育资源配置中心的内涵、特征,构建由资源集中程度和资源配置能力2个一级指标、7个二级指标、20个三级指标构成的体育资源配置中心评价体系。通过对上海... 为明确上海建设国内外重要的体育资源配置中心的具体目标,采用规范研究方法,界定体育资源配置中心的内涵、特征,构建由资源集中程度和资源配置能力2个一级指标、7个二级指标、20个三级指标构成的体育资源配置中心评价体系。通过对上海、北京、纽约、伦敦在各个指标上的对比,明确上海的具体发展目标,并提出加快配置机制转变、建设资源配置平台和提升本土资源质量等建议。 展开更多
关键词 上海 体育资源配置中心 评价体系 建设标准 指标
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