This paper addresses the problem of intelligent power management for the more electric aircraft framework. The main objective is to regulate the power flow between a low voltage and a high voltage busses through contr...This paper addresses the problem of intelligent power management for the more electric aircraft framework. The main objective is to regulate the power flow between a low voltage and a high voltage busses through control of a Buck-Boost converter unit. This approach allows the battery to help the generator when an overload scenario occurs, keeping at the same time the battery state of charge above a prescribed threshold. Moreover, in case a continued severe overload causes the battery state of charge to drop below a prescribed threshold, partial shedding of(noncritical) loads occurs. The control objectives are achieved through the design of a hierarchical control strategy based on high gain control for the low level and a finite state automaton for the high level control. Rigorous mathematical proofs of stability are provided for both low level and high level control and a detailed simulator with accurate model of the battery is presented in order to demonstrate the correctness and effectiveness of the proposed approach.展开更多
This paper investigates the robust relative pose control for spacecraft rendezvous and docking with constrained relative pose and saturated control inputs.A barrier Lyapunov function is used to ensure the constraints ...This paper investigates the robust relative pose control for spacecraft rendezvous and docking with constrained relative pose and saturated control inputs.A barrier Lyapunov function is used to ensure the constraints of states,so that the computational singularity of the inverse matrix in control command can be avoided,while a linear auxiliary system is introduced to handle with the adverse effect of actuator saturation.The tuning rules for designing parameters in control command and auxiliary system are derived based on the stability analysis of the closed-loop system.It is proved that all closed-loop signals always keep bounded,the prescribed constraints of relative pose tracking errors are never violated,and the pose tracking errors ultimately converge to small neighborhoods of zero.Simulation experiments validate the performance of the proposed robust saturated control strategy.展开更多
This paper proposes fuzzy model predictive control(FMPC)strategies for nonlinear interconnected systems based mainly on a system decomposition approach.First,the Takagi-Sugeno(TS)fuzzy model is formulated in such a wa...This paper proposes fuzzy model predictive control(FMPC)strategies for nonlinear interconnected systems based mainly on a system decomposition approach.First,the Takagi-Sugeno(TS)fuzzy model is formulated in such a way to describe the behavior of the nonlinear system.Based on that description,a fuzzy model predictive control is determined.The system under consideration is decomposed into several subsystems.For each subsystem,the main idea consists of the decomposition of the control action into two parts:The decentralized part contains the parameters of the subsystem and the centralized part contains the elements of other subsystems.According to such decomposition,two strategies are defined aiming to circumvent the problems caused by interconnection bet ween subsystems.The feasibility and efficiency of the proposed method are illustrated through numerical examples.展开更多
This paper presents a new Long-range generalized predictive controller in the synchronous reference frame for a wind energy system doubly-fed induction generator based. This controller uses the state space equations t...This paper presents a new Long-range generalized predictive controller in the synchronous reference frame for a wind energy system doubly-fed induction generator based. This controller uses the state space equations that consider the rotor current and voltage as state and control variables, to execute the predictive control action. Therefore, the model of the plant must be transformed into two discrete transference functions, by means of an auto-regressive moving average model, in order to attain a discrete and decoupled controller, which makes it possible to treat it as two independent single-input single-output systems instead of a magnetic coupled multiple-input multiple-output system. For achieving that, a direct power control strategy is used, based on the past and future rotor currents and voltages estimation. The algorithm evaluates the rotor current predictors for a defined prediction horizon and computes the new rotor voltages that must be injected to controlling the stator active and reactive powers. To evaluate the controller performance, some simulations were made using Matlab/Simulink. Experimental tests were carried out with a small-scale prototype assuming normal operating conditions with constant and variable wind speed profiles. Finally, some conclusions respect to the dynamic performance of this new controller are summarized.展开更多
There exists a gap between control theory and control practice,i.e.,all control methods suggested by researchers are not implemented in real systems and,on the other hand,many important in dustrial problems are not st...There exists a gap between control theory and control practice,i.e.,all control methods suggested by researchers are not implemented in real systems and,on the other hand,many important in dustrial problems are not studied in the academic research.Benchmark problems can help close this gap and provide many opportunities for members in both the controls theory and application communities.The goal is to survey and give pointers to different general controls and modeling related benchmark problems that can serve as inspiration for future benchmarks and then specifically focus the benchmark coverage on automotive control engineering application.In the paper reflections are given on how different categories of benchmark designers,benchmark solvers and third part users can benefit from providing,solving,and studying benchmark problems.The paper also collects information about several benchmark problems and gives pointers to papers than give more detailed information about different problems that have been presented.展开更多
In this paper,a model predictive control(MPC)solution,assisted by extended state observer(ESO),is proposed for the common rail pressure control in gasoline engines.The rail pressure dynamic,nonlinear with large uncert...In this paper,a model predictive control(MPC)solution,assisted by extended state observer(ESO),is proposed for the common rail pressure control in gasoline engines.The rail pressure dynamic,nonlinear with large uncertainty,is modeled as a simple first order system.The discrepancy of the model from the real plant is lumped as"total disturbance",to be estimated in real-time by ESO and the n mitigated in the nonlin ear MPC,assuming the total disturbance does not change in the prediction horiz on.The non linear MPC problem is solved using the Newton/generalized minimum residual(GMRES)algorithm.The proposed ESO-MPC solution,is compared with the conventional proportional-integral-differential(PID)controller,based on the high-fidelity model provided in the benchmark problem in IFAC-E-CoSM.Results show the following benefits from using ESO-MPC relative to PID(benchmark):1)the disturbance rejection capability to fuel inject pulse step is improved by 12%in terms of recovery time;2)the transient response of rail pressure is improved by 5%in terms of the integrated absolute tracking error;and 3)the robustness is improved without n eed for gain scheduling,which is required in PID.Additionally,in creasing the ban dwidth of ESO allows reducing the complexity of the model implemented in MPC,while maintaining the disturbance rejection performance at the cost of high noise-sensitivity.Therefore,the ESO-MPC combination offers a simpler and more practical solution for common rail pressure control,relative to the standard MPC,which is consistent with the findings in simulation.展开更多
Ultra-supercritical(USC) coal-fired unit is more and more popular in these years for its advantages.But the control of USC unit is a difficult issue for its characteristic of nonlinearity, large dead time and coupling...Ultra-supercritical(USC) coal-fired unit is more and more popular in these years for its advantages.But the control of USC unit is a difficult issue for its characteristic of nonlinearity, large dead time and coupling among inputs and outputs. In this paper, model predictive control(MPC) method based on multi-model and double layered optimization is introduced for coordinated control of USC unit running in sliding pressure mode and fixed pressure mode. Three inputs(i.e. valve opening, coal flow and feedwater flow) are employed to control three outputs(i.e. output power, main steam temperature and main steam pressure). The step responses for the dynamic matrix control(DMC) are constructed using the three inputs by the three outputs under both pressure control mode. Piecewise models are built at selected operation points. In simulation, the output power follows load demand quickly and main steam temperature can be controlled around the setpoint closely in load tracking control. The simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed methods.展开更多
Enhancing traffic efficiency and alleviating (even circumventing) traffic congestion with advanced traffic signal control (TSC) strategies are always the main issues to be addressed in urban transportation systems. Si...Enhancing traffic efficiency and alleviating (even circumventing) traffic congestion with advanced traffic signal control (TSC) strategies are always the main issues to be addressed in urban transportation systems. Since model predictive control (MPC) has a lot of advantages in modeling complex dynamic systems, it has been widely studied in traffic signal control over the past 20 years. There is a need for an in-depth understanding of MPC-based TSC methods for traffic networks. Therefore, this paper presents the motivation of using MPC for TSC and how MPC-based TSC approaches are implemented to manage and control the dynamics of traffic flows both in urban road networks and freeway networks. Meanwhile, typical performance evaluation metrics, solution methods, examples of simulations, and applications related to MPC-based TSC approaches are reported. More importantly, this paper summarizes the recent developments and the research trends in coordination and control of traffic networks with MPC-based TSC approaches. Remaining challenges and open issues are discussed towards the end of this paper to discover potential future research directions.展开更多
The paper proposes a novel H∞ load frequency control(LFC) design method for multi-area power systems based on an integral-based non-fragile distributed fixed-order dynamic output feedback(DOF) tracking-regulator cont...The paper proposes a novel H∞ load frequency control(LFC) design method for multi-area power systems based on an integral-based non-fragile distributed fixed-order dynamic output feedback(DOF) tracking-regulator control scheme. To this end, we consider a nonlinear interconnected model for multiarea power systems which also include uncertainties and timevarying communication delays. The design procedure is formulated using semi-definite programming and linear matrix inequality(LMI) method. The solution of the proposed LMIs returns necessary parameters for the tracking controllers such that the impact of model uncertainty and load disturbances are minimized. The proposed controllers are capable of receiving all or part of subsystems information, whereas the outputs of each controller are local. These controllers are designed such that the resilient stability of the overall closed-loop system is guaranteed. Simulation results are provided to verify the effectiveness of the proposed scheme. Simulation results quantify that the distributed(and decentralized) controlled system behaves well in presence of large parameter perturbations and random disturbances on the power system.展开更多
A novel learning-based attack detection and estimation scheme is proposed for linear networked control systems(NCS),wherein the attacks on the communication network in the feedback loop are expected to increase networ...A novel learning-based attack detection and estimation scheme is proposed for linear networked control systems(NCS),wherein the attacks on the communication network in the feedback loop are expected to increase network induced delays and packet losses,thus changing the physical system dynamics.First,the network traffic flow is modeled as a linear system with uncertain state matrix and an optimal Q-learning based control scheme over finite-horizon is utilized to stabilize the flow.Next,an adaptive observer is proposed to generate the detection residual,which is subsequently used to determine the onset of an attack when it exceeds a predefined threshold,followed by an estimation scheme for the signal injected by the attacker.A stochastic linear system after incorporating network-induced random delays and packet losses is considered as the uncertain physical system dynamics.The attack detection scheme at the physical system uses the magnitude of the state vector to detect attacks both on the sensor and the actuator.The maximum tolerable delay that the physical system can tolerate due to networked induced delays and packet losses is also derived.Simulations have been performed to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed schemes.展开更多
In this paper, we propose an adaptive fuzzy dynamic surface control(DSC) scheme for single-link flexible-joint robotic systems with input saturation. A smooth function is utilized with the mean-value theorem to deal w...In this paper, we propose an adaptive fuzzy dynamic surface control(DSC) scheme for single-link flexible-joint robotic systems with input saturation. A smooth function is utilized with the mean-value theorem to deal with the difficulties associated with input saturation. An adaptive DSC design with an auxiliary first-order filter is used to solve the 'explosion of complexity'problem. It is proved that all the signals in the closed-loop system are semi-globally uniformly ultimately bounded, and the tracking error eventually converges to a small neighborhood around zero. The main advantage of the proposed method is that only one adaptation parameter needs to be updated,which reduces the computational burden significantly. Simulation results demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed scheme and the comparison results show that the improved DSC method can reduce the computational burden by almost two thirds in comparison with the standard DSC method.展开更多
The rapid development of renewable energy sources such as wind power has brought great challenges to the power grid. Wind power penetration can be improved by using hybrid energy storage(ES) to mitigate wind power flu...The rapid development of renewable energy sources such as wind power has brought great challenges to the power grid. Wind power penetration can be improved by using hybrid energy storage(ES) to mitigate wind power fluctuation. We studied the strategy of smoothing wind power fluctuation and the strategy of hybrid ES power distribution. Firstly, an effective control strategy can be extracted by comparing constant-time low-pass filtering(CLF), variable-time low-pass filtering(VLF), wavelet packet decomposition(WPD), empirical mode decomposition(EMD) and model predictive control algorithms with fluctuation rate constraints of the identical grid-connected wind power. Moreover, the mean frequency of ES as the cutoff frequency can be acquired by the Hilbert Huang transform(HHT), and the time constant of filtering algorithm can be obtained. Then, an improved low-pass filtering algorithm(ILFA) is proposed to achieve the power allocation between lithium battery(LB) and supercapacitor(SC), which can overcome the over-charge and over-discharge of ES in the traditional low-pass filtering algorithm(TLFA). In addition, the optimized LB and SC power are further obtained based on the SC priority control strategy combined with the fuzzy control(FC) method. Finally, simulation results show that wind power fluctuation can be effectively suppressed by LB and SC based on the proposed control strategies, which is beneficial to the development of wind and storage system.展开更多
This paper studies a robust adaptive compensation Fault Tolerant Control(FTC)for the medium-scale Unmanned Autonomous Helicopter(UAH)in the presence of external disturbances,actuator faults and input saturation.To imp...This paper studies a robust adaptive compensation Fault Tolerant Control(FTC)for the medium-scale Unmanned Autonomous Helicopter(UAH)in the presence of external disturbances,actuator faults and input saturation.To improve the disturbance rejection capacity of the UAH system in actuator healthy case,an adaptive control method is adopted to cope with the external disturbances and a nominal controller is proposed to stabilize the system.Meanwhile,compensation control inputs are designed to reduce the negative effects derived from actuator faults and input saturation.Based on the backstepping control and inner-outer loop control technologies,a robust adaptive FTC scheme is developed to guarantee the tracking errors convergence.Under the presented FTC controller,the uniform ultimate boundedness of all closed-loop signals is ensured via Lyapunov stability analysis.Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed control algorithm.展开更多
Experimental investigation and thermodynamic calculation were carried out to study the effect of slag on alloying elements during electroslag remelting with developing a thermodynamic model to control titanium and alu...Experimental investigation and thermodynamic calculation were carried out to study the effect of slag on alloying elements during electroslag remelting with developing a thermodynamic model to control titanium and aluminum in in got.The thermodynamic model based on ion and molecule coexistence theory and conservation law of element atoms was established to analyze the change in aluminum and titanium along the height of ingot.The results show that low CaO slag is suitable for electroslag remelting of metal containing high titanium-to-aluminum ratio.As electroslag remelting process consists of slag temperature-rising and temperature-stable periods,TiO2 should be added into water-cooled copper mold during temperature-rising period in order to keep the thermodynamic equilibrium between titanium and aluminum,and the amount of TiO2 is the difference value calculated by the reaction between titanium and alumina at 1477 and 1677℃.展开更多
This paper investigates the necessity of feasibility considerations in a fault tolerant control system using the constrained control allocation methodology where both static and dynamic actuator constraints are consid...This paper investigates the necessity of feasibility considerations in a fault tolerant control system using the constrained control allocation methodology where both static and dynamic actuator constraints are considered. In the proposed feasible control allocation scheme, the constrained model predictive control(MPC) is employed as the main controller. This considers the admissible region of the control allocation problem as its constraints. Using the feasibility notion in the control allocation problem provides the main controller with information regarding the actuator′s status, which leads to closed loop system performance improvement. Several simulation examples under normal and faulty conditions are employed to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed methodology. The main results clearly indicate that closed loop performance and stability characteristics can be significantly degraded by neglecting the actuator constraints in the main controller. Also, it is shown that the proposed strategy substantially enlarges the domain of attraction of the MPC combined with the control allocation as compared to the conventional MPC.展开更多
Gasoline direct injection(GDI)is a pivotal technique for a highly efficient engine.However,how to maintain a stable rail pressure which offers good fuel economy and low emissions,is still a challengeable work.In this ...Gasoline direct injection(GDI)is a pivotal technique for a highly efficient engine.However,how to maintain a stable rail pressure which offers good fuel economy and low emissions,is still a challengeable work.In this paper,a rail pressure controller is designed basing on predictive functional control(PFC),a model predictive control(MPC)method,to surmount the nonlinearity and disc on tinuity brought by the common rail pressure system(CRPS).A control-oriented piecewise linear model is prese nted to simplify the CRPS.The simulation results on a benchmark show that rail pressure tracks the setpoint accurately even with some perturbations.Profiting from the conciseness of PFC algorithm,the controller can compute the online solution in a short time,which makes it possible to realize the strategy on a fast response system.展开更多
In this paper,we present our recent advances in both theoretical methods and field experiments for the coordinated control of miniature fixed-wing unmanned aerial vehicle(UAV)swarms.We propose a multi-layered group-ba...In this paper,we present our recent advances in both theoretical methods and field experiments for the coordinated control of miniature fixed-wing unmanned aerial vehicle(UAV)swarms.We propose a multi-layered group-based architecture,which is modularized,mission-oriented,and can implement large-scale swarms.To accomplish the desired coordinated formation flight,we present a novel distributed coordinated-control scheme comprising a consensus-based circling rendezvous,a coordinated path-following control for the leader UAVs,and a leader-follower coordinated control for the follower UAVs.The current framework embeds a formation pattern reconfiguration technique.Moreover,we discuss two security solutions(inter-UAV collision avoidance and obstacle avoidance)in the swarm flight problem.The effectiveness of the proposed coordinated control methods was demonstrated in field experiments by deploying up to 21 fixed-wing UAVs.展开更多
With the rapid development of power electronics technology, microgrid(MG) concept has been widely accepted in the field of electrical engineering. Due to the advantages of direct current(DC)distribution systems such a...With the rapid development of power electronics technology, microgrid(MG) concept has been widely accepted in the field of electrical engineering. Due to the advantages of direct current(DC)distribution systems such as reduced losses and easy integration with energy storage resources, DC MGs have drawn increasing attentions nowadays. With the increase of distributed generation, a DC MG consisting of multiple sources is a hot research topic. The challenge in such a multi-source DC MG is to provide voltage support and good power sharing performance. As the control strategy plays an important role in ensuring MG’s power quality and efficiency, a comprehensive review of the state-of-art control approaches in DC MGs is necessary. This paper provides an overview of the primary and secondary control methods under the hierarchical control architecture for DC MGs. Specifically,inner loop and droop control approaches in primary control are reviewed. Centralized, distributed and decentralized approach based secondary control is discussed in details.Key findings and future trends are also presented at last.展开更多
文摘This paper addresses the problem of intelligent power management for the more electric aircraft framework. The main objective is to regulate the power flow between a low voltage and a high voltage busses through control of a Buck-Boost converter unit. This approach allows the battery to help the generator when an overload scenario occurs, keeping at the same time the battery state of charge above a prescribed threshold. Moreover, in case a continued severe overload causes the battery state of charge to drop below a prescribed threshold, partial shedding of(noncritical) loads occurs. The control objectives are achieved through the design of a hierarchical control strategy based on high gain control for the low level and a finite state automaton for the high level control. Rigorous mathematical proofs of stability are provided for both low level and high level control and a detailed simulator with accurate model of the battery is presented in order to demonstrate the correctness and effectiveness of the proposed approach.
基金supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(61903025)the Fundamenta Research Funds for the Central Universities(FRF-GF-18-028B)the China Scholarship Council(201906465028)。
文摘This paper investigates the robust relative pose control for spacecraft rendezvous and docking with constrained relative pose and saturated control inputs.A barrier Lyapunov function is used to ensure the constraints of states,so that the computational singularity of the inverse matrix in control command can be avoided,while a linear auxiliary system is introduced to handle with the adverse effect of actuator saturation.The tuning rules for designing parameters in control command and auxiliary system are derived based on the stability analysis of the closed-loop system.It is proved that all closed-loop signals always keep bounded,the prescribed constraints of relative pose tracking errors are never violated,and the pose tracking errors ultimately converge to small neighborhoods of zero.Simulation experiments validate the performance of the proposed robust saturated control strategy.
文摘This paper proposes fuzzy model predictive control(FMPC)strategies for nonlinear interconnected systems based mainly on a system decomposition approach.First,the Takagi-Sugeno(TS)fuzzy model is formulated in such a way to describe the behavior of the nonlinear system.Based on that description,a fuzzy model predictive control is determined.The system under consideration is decomposed into several subsystems.For each subsystem,the main idea consists of the decomposition of the control action into two parts:The decentralized part contains the parameters of the subsystem and the centralized part contains the elements of other subsystems.According to such decomposition,two strategies are defined aiming to circumvent the problems caused by interconnection bet ween subsystems.The feasibility and efficiency of the proposed method are illustrated through numerical examples.
文摘This paper presents a new Long-range generalized predictive controller in the synchronous reference frame for a wind energy system doubly-fed induction generator based. This controller uses the state space equations that consider the rotor current and voltage as state and control variables, to execute the predictive control action. Therefore, the model of the plant must be transformed into two discrete transference functions, by means of an auto-regressive moving average model, in order to attain a discrete and decoupled controller, which makes it possible to treat it as two independent single-input single-output systems instead of a magnetic coupled multiple-input multiple-output system. For achieving that, a direct power control strategy is used, based on the past and future rotor currents and voltages estimation. The algorithm evaluates the rotor current predictors for a defined prediction horizon and computes the new rotor voltages that must be injected to controlling the stator active and reactive powers. To evaluate the controller performance, some simulations were made using Matlab/Simulink. Experimental tests were carried out with a small-scale prototype assuming normal operating conditions with constant and variable wind speed profiles. Finally, some conclusions respect to the dynamic performance of this new controller are summarized.
基金the Vin nova's Compete nee Centre Linkoping Center for Sensor Informatics and Control(LINK-SIC).
文摘There exists a gap between control theory and control practice,i.e.,all control methods suggested by researchers are not implemented in real systems and,on the other hand,many important in dustrial problems are not studied in the academic research.Benchmark problems can help close this gap and provide many opportunities for members in both the controls theory and application communities.The goal is to survey and give pointers to different general controls and modeling related benchmark problems that can serve as inspiration for future benchmarks and then specifically focus the benchmark coverage on automotive control engineering application.In the paper reflections are given on how different categories of benchmark designers,benchmark solvers and third part users can benefit from providing,solving,and studying benchmark problems.The paper also collects information about several benchmark problems and gives pointers to papers than give more detailed information about different problems that have been presented.
基金the Joint Research on Key Technologies of Energy Efficiency for Medium and Heavy-duty Trucks(No.2017YFE0102800).
文摘In this paper,a model predictive control(MPC)solution,assisted by extended state observer(ESO),is proposed for the common rail pressure control in gasoline engines.The rail pressure dynamic,nonlinear with large uncertainty,is modeled as a simple first order system.The discrepancy of the model from the real plant is lumped as"total disturbance",to be estimated in real-time by ESO and the n mitigated in the nonlin ear MPC,assuming the total disturbance does not change in the prediction horiz on.The non linear MPC problem is solved using the Newton/generalized minimum residual(GMRES)algorithm.The proposed ESO-MPC solution,is compared with the conventional proportional-integral-differential(PID)controller,based on the high-fidelity model provided in the benchmark problem in IFAC-E-CoSM.Results show the following benefits from using ESO-MPC relative to PID(benchmark):1)the disturbance rejection capability to fuel inject pulse step is improved by 12%in terms of recovery time;2)the transient response of rail pressure is improved by 5%in terms of the integrated absolute tracking error;and 3)the robustness is improved without n eed for gain scheduling,which is required in PID.Additionally,in creasing the ban dwidth of ESO allows reducing the complexity of the model implemented in MPC,while maintaining the disturbance rejection performance at the cost of high noise-sensitivity.Therefore,the ESO-MPC combination offers a simpler and more practical solution for common rail pressure control,relative to the standard MPC,which is consistent with the findings in simulation.
基金the National Nature Science Foundation of China(No.60974119)the Subject Construction of Shanghai University of Engineering Science(No.2018xk-B-09)the Young Teacher Training Scheme of Shanghai Universities(No.ZZGCD15007).
文摘Ultra-supercritical(USC) coal-fired unit is more and more popular in these years for its advantages.But the control of USC unit is a difficult issue for its characteristic of nonlinearity, large dead time and coupling among inputs and outputs. In this paper, model predictive control(MPC) method based on multi-model and double layered optimization is introduced for coordinated control of USC unit running in sliding pressure mode and fixed pressure mode. Three inputs(i.e. valve opening, coal flow and feedwater flow) are employed to control three outputs(i.e. output power, main steam temperature and main steam pressure). The step responses for the dynamic matrix control(DMC) are constructed using the three inputs by the three outputs under both pressure control mode. Piecewise models are built at selected operation points. In simulation, the output power follows load demand quickly and main steam temperature can be controlled around the setpoint closely in load tracking control. The simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed methods.
基金supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61603154, 61773343, 61621002, 61703217)the Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province (LY15F030021, LY19F030014)Open Research Project of the State Key Laboratory of Industrial Control Technology, Zhejiang University, China (ICT1800407).
文摘Enhancing traffic efficiency and alleviating (even circumventing) traffic congestion with advanced traffic signal control (TSC) strategies are always the main issues to be addressed in urban transportation systems. Since model predictive control (MPC) has a lot of advantages in modeling complex dynamic systems, it has been widely studied in traffic signal control over the past 20 years. There is a need for an in-depth understanding of MPC-based TSC methods for traffic networks. Therefore, this paper presents the motivation of using MPC for TSC and how MPC-based TSC approaches are implemented to manage and control the dynamics of traffic flows both in urban road networks and freeway networks. Meanwhile, typical performance evaluation metrics, solution methods, examples of simulations, and applications related to MPC-based TSC approaches are reported. More importantly, this paper summarizes the recent developments and the research trends in coordination and control of traffic networks with MPC-based TSC approaches. Remaining challenges and open issues are discussed towards the end of this paper to discover potential future research directions.
文摘The paper proposes a novel H∞ load frequency control(LFC) design method for multi-area power systems based on an integral-based non-fragile distributed fixed-order dynamic output feedback(DOF) tracking-regulator control scheme. To this end, we consider a nonlinear interconnected model for multiarea power systems which also include uncertainties and timevarying communication delays. The design procedure is formulated using semi-definite programming and linear matrix inequality(LMI) method. The solution of the proposed LMIs returns necessary parameters for the tracking controllers such that the impact of model uncertainty and load disturbances are minimized. The proposed controllers are capable of receiving all or part of subsystems information, whereas the outputs of each controller are local. These controllers are designed such that the resilient stability of the overall closed-loop system is guaranteed. Simulation results are provided to verify the effectiveness of the proposed scheme. Simulation results quantify that the distributed(and decentralized) controlled system behaves well in presence of large parameter perturbations and random disturbances on the power system.
基金supported in part by the National Science Foundation(IIP 1134721,ECCS 1406533,CMMI 1547042)。
文摘A novel learning-based attack detection and estimation scheme is proposed for linear networked control systems(NCS),wherein the attacks on the communication network in the feedback loop are expected to increase network induced delays and packet losses,thus changing the physical system dynamics.First,the network traffic flow is modeled as a linear system with uncertain state matrix and an optimal Q-learning based control scheme over finite-horizon is utilized to stabilize the flow.Next,an adaptive observer is proposed to generate the detection residual,which is subsequently used to determine the onset of an attack when it exceeds a predefined threshold,followed by an estimation scheme for the signal injected by the attacker.A stochastic linear system after incorporating network-induced random delays and packet losses is considered as the uncertain physical system dynamics.The attack detection scheme at the physical system uses the magnitude of the state vector to detect attacks both on the sensor and the actuator.The maximum tolerable delay that the physical system can tolerate due to networked induced delays and packet losses is also derived.Simulations have been performed to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed schemes.
基金the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61773051,61773072,61761166011)the Fundamental Research Fund for the Central Universities (2016RC021,2017JBZ003).
文摘In this paper, we propose an adaptive fuzzy dynamic surface control(DSC) scheme for single-link flexible-joint robotic systems with input saturation. A smooth function is utilized with the mean-value theorem to deal with the difficulties associated with input saturation. An adaptive DSC design with an auxiliary first-order filter is used to solve the 'explosion of complexity'problem. It is proved that all the signals in the closed-loop system are semi-globally uniformly ultimately bounded, and the tracking error eventually converges to a small neighborhood around zero. The main advantage of the proposed method is that only one adaptation parameter needs to be updated,which reduces the computational burden significantly. Simulation results demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed scheme and the comparison results show that the improved DSC method can reduce the computational burden by almost two thirds in comparison with the standard DSC method.
基金supported by National Key Research and Development Program of China(No.2016YFB0900400)Foundation of Director of Institute of Electrical Engineering,Chinese Academy of Sciences(No.Y760141CSA)Jiangsu Province 2016 Innovation Ability Construction Special Funds(No.BM2016027).
文摘The rapid development of renewable energy sources such as wind power has brought great challenges to the power grid. Wind power penetration can be improved by using hybrid energy storage(ES) to mitigate wind power fluctuation. We studied the strategy of smoothing wind power fluctuation and the strategy of hybrid ES power distribution. Firstly, an effective control strategy can be extracted by comparing constant-time low-pass filtering(CLF), variable-time low-pass filtering(VLF), wavelet packet decomposition(WPD), empirical mode decomposition(EMD) and model predictive control algorithms with fluctuation rate constraints of the identical grid-connected wind power. Moreover, the mean frequency of ES as the cutoff frequency can be acquired by the Hilbert Huang transform(HHT), and the time constant of filtering algorithm can be obtained. Then, an improved low-pass filtering algorithm(ILFA) is proposed to achieve the power allocation between lithium battery(LB) and supercapacitor(SC), which can overcome the over-charge and over-discharge of ES in the traditional low-pass filtering algorithm(TLFA). In addition, the optimized LB and SC power are further obtained based on the SC priority control strategy combined with the fuzzy control(FC) method. Finally, simulation results show that wind power fluctuation can be effectively suppressed by LB and SC based on the proposed control strategies, which is beneficial to the development of wind and storage system.
基金supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(Nos.61825302,61573184)in part by the Jiangsu Natural Science Foundation of China(No.BK20171417)in part by the Aeronautical Science Foundation of China(No.20165752049)。
文摘This paper studies a robust adaptive compensation Fault Tolerant Control(FTC)for the medium-scale Unmanned Autonomous Helicopter(UAH)in the presence of external disturbances,actuator faults and input saturation.To improve the disturbance rejection capacity of the UAH system in actuator healthy case,an adaptive control method is adopted to cope with the external disturbances and a nominal controller is proposed to stabilize the system.Meanwhile,compensation control inputs are designed to reduce the negative effects derived from actuator faults and input saturation.Based on the backstepping control and inner-outer loop control technologies,a robust adaptive FTC scheme is developed to guarantee the tracking errors convergence.Under the presented FTC controller,the uniform ultimate boundedness of all closed-loop signals is ensured via Lyapunov stability analysis.Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed control algorithm.
基金the National Natural Science Foundation of China(Grant Nos.51674070,U1560203 and 51674172)Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province(Grant Nos.BK20150334 and 20150336)the Open Foundation of The State Key Laboratory of Refractories and Metallurgy(Grant No.G201607).
文摘Experimental investigation and thermodynamic calculation were carried out to study the effect of slag on alloying elements during electroslag remelting with developing a thermodynamic model to control titanium and aluminum in in got.The thermodynamic model based on ion and molecule coexistence theory and conservation law of element atoms was established to analyze the change in aluminum and titanium along the height of ingot.The results show that low CaO slag is suitable for electroslag remelting of metal containing high titanium-to-aluminum ratio.As electroslag remelting process consists of slag temperature-rising and temperature-stable periods,TiO2 should be added into water-cooled copper mold during temperature-rising period in order to keep the thermodynamic equilibrium between titanium and aluminum,and the amount of TiO2 is the difference value calculated by the reaction between titanium and alumina at 1477 and 1677℃.
基金supported by Research Council of Norway through the Centres of Excellence(No.223254 NTNU-AMOS).
文摘This paper investigates the necessity of feasibility considerations in a fault tolerant control system using the constrained control allocation methodology where both static and dynamic actuator constraints are considered. In the proposed feasible control allocation scheme, the constrained model predictive control(MPC) is employed as the main controller. This considers the admissible region of the control allocation problem as its constraints. Using the feasibility notion in the control allocation problem provides the main controller with information regarding the actuator′s status, which leads to closed loop system performance improvement. Several simulation examples under normal and faulty conditions are employed to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed methodology. The main results clearly indicate that closed loop performance and stability characteristics can be significantly degraded by neglecting the actuator constraints in the main controller. Also, it is shown that the proposed strategy substantially enlarges the domain of attraction of the MPC combined with the control allocation as compared to the conventional MPC.
基金the National Key R&D Program of China(No.2018YFB1701102)the Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang,China(No.LR17F030002).
文摘Gasoline direct injection(GDI)is a pivotal technique for a highly efficient engine.However,how to maintain a stable rail pressure which offers good fuel economy and low emissions,is still a challengeable work.In this paper,a rail pressure controller is designed basing on predictive functional control(PFC),a model predictive control(MPC)method,to surmount the nonlinearity and disc on tinuity brought by the common rail pressure system(CRPS).A control-oriented piecewise linear model is prese nted to simplify the CRPS.The simulation results on a benchmark show that rail pressure tracks the setpoint accurately even with some perturbations.Profiting from the conciseness of PFC algorithm,the controller can compute the online solution in a short time,which makes it possible to realize the strategy on a fast response system.
基金This work was partly supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China(Grant No.61801494)and Joint Fund of Ministry of Education of China for Equipment Pre-research and Beijing Nova Program(Grant No.2018047)The authors express their deepest gratitude to the SWARM TEAM of the NUDT.Without their hard work,the flight experiments could not be done.
文摘In this paper,we present our recent advances in both theoretical methods and field experiments for the coordinated control of miniature fixed-wing unmanned aerial vehicle(UAV)swarms.We propose a multi-layered group-based architecture,which is modularized,mission-oriented,and can implement large-scale swarms.To accomplish the desired coordinated formation flight,we present a novel distributed coordinated-control scheme comprising a consensus-based circling rendezvous,a coordinated path-following control for the leader UAVs,and a leader-follower coordinated control for the follower UAVs.The current framework embeds a formation pattern reconfiguration technique.Moreover,we discuss two security solutions(inter-UAV collision avoidance and obstacle avoidance)in the swarm flight problem.The effectiveness of the proposed coordinated control methods was demonstrated in field experiments by deploying up to 21 fixed-wing UAVs.
文摘With the rapid development of power electronics technology, microgrid(MG) concept has been widely accepted in the field of electrical engineering. Due to the advantages of direct current(DC)distribution systems such as reduced losses and easy integration with energy storage resources, DC MGs have drawn increasing attentions nowadays. With the increase of distributed generation, a DC MG consisting of multiple sources is a hot research topic. The challenge in such a multi-source DC MG is to provide voltage support and good power sharing performance. As the control strategy plays an important role in ensuring MG’s power quality and efficiency, a comprehensive review of the state-of-art control approaches in DC MGs is necessary. This paper provides an overview of the primary and secondary control methods under the hierarchical control architecture for DC MGs. Specifically,inner loop and droop control approaches in primary control are reviewed. Centralized, distributed and decentralized approach based secondary control is discussed in details.Key findings and future trends are also presented at last.