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性别观念、性别情境与两性的工作-家庭冲突--来自跨国数据的经验证据
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作者 张春泥 史海钧 《妇女研究论丛》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第3期26-41,共16页
本文利用国际社会调查项目数据库检验了包括中国在内的39个国家/地区中已婚在业男性与女性在工作-家庭冲突上的差异。研究发现,就各国/地区的平均水平而言,在同等条件下,女性比男性面临的工作-家庭冲突程度更高。与他国相比,中国男性和... 本文利用国际社会调查项目数据库检验了包括中国在内的39个国家/地区中已婚在业男性与女性在工作-家庭冲突上的差异。研究发现,就各国/地区的平均水平而言,在同等条件下,女性比男性面临的工作-家庭冲突程度更高。与他国相比,中国男性和女性的工作-家庭冲突居于中等水平,但存在显著的性别差异:中国女性比男性感受到更多家庭对工作的干扰,而男性比女性感受到更多工作对家庭的干扰。工作特征和家庭特征会影响劳动者的工作-家庭冲突;在家庭对工作的干扰上,工作时间、抚育责任和家务分工对女性的影响超过男性。平等的性别观念会降低劳动者的工作-家庭冲突,且对女性的积极作用大于男性。在国别/地区差异上,性别观念的转变对降低中国女性的工作-家庭冲突相对有限,而减少工作时间、改善家务分工对降低中国女性的工作-家庭冲突帮助较大。国家/地区的性别平等环境也有助于降低两性的工作-家庭冲突。公共领域性别越平等的国家/地区,男性和女性的工作-家庭冲突均较低,不过并不会出现两性差异的缩小,因为在这些国家/地区男性从性别平等的环境中获益更多。 展开更多
关键词 工作-家庭冲突 性别 性别观念 性别不平等指数 国际社会调查项目
Social and Health Status of Community-Dwelling Older Adults in Nepal 预览
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作者 Hom Nath Chalise Edwin Rosenberg 《老年问题研究(英文)》 2019年第4期63-74,共12页
span style="font-family:Verdana;">Background: Most developing countries are ageing at unprecedented rates, yet they are relatively under-studied regarding the demographic and health status of the older po... span style="font-family:Verdana;">Background: Most developing countries are ageing at unprecedented rates, yet they are relatively under-studied regarding the demographic and health status of the older population. This in turn inhibits appropriate, positive societal responses. This study presents the socio-demographic and health status of older adults in Nepal. Methods: This study is a secondary analysis of structured interview data collected by the Central Department of Population Studies at Tribhuvan University (TU) via a cross-sectional survey of community-dwelling persons age 60+ in the Pharping area of Kathmandu. For this study, there were 1326 valid responses. Results: Respondents’ mean age was 69.92 years (sd = 7.82). The majority (70%) was illiterate. Nearly 3/5 of women were widowed (58.4%), which nearly doubles the male rate (31.8%). Over three-quarters of respondents (78.6%) were living with family members, far more than with spouse only (11.6%), alone (6.2%) or with others (3.6%). Only 9.2% of respondents received a pension, and over seventy percent of respondents (70.7%) were still working. About three-quarters (76.5%) of respondents had physical health problems;14.6% had some physical disability, and 52.6% self-reported a mental health problem. Statistically significant (p 0.01) gender differences were found for marital status, literacy, living arrangements, pensions, physical health problems, and mental health problems. Conclusions: Like most nations, Nepal is ageing rapidly. There are gender differences that can differentially affect the experiences of older men and women. Nepal should increase the quantity and quality of data describing its older population so it can continue to develop appropriate, effective social and health programs and services to reduce gender disparities and maximize elderly quality of life. 展开更多
关键词 Ageing HEALTH GENDER Nepal
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Social Dynamics of Ebola Virus Disease: A Case of Bundibugyo District, Uganda 预览
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作者 Clovice Kankya Daisy Nabadda +4 位作者 Consolata Kabonesa Luke Nyakarahuka James Muleme Samuel Okware Richard Asaba 《健康(英文)》 2019年第1期108-128,共21页
Background: Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) presents with a high global mortality and is known to be a highly infectious disease with devastating and gendered effects on the social fabric, yet most of the science has focuse... Background: Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) presents with a high global mortality and is known to be a highly infectious disease with devastating and gendered effects on the social fabric, yet most of the science has focused on the disease’s biology. However, little has been documented with regard to the gender and social aspects of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in two sub counties (Kikyo and Bundibugyo Town Council) in Bundibugyo District in Western Uganda. The study was set to examine the gender differences in the level of knowledge, attitudes and perceptions about EVD. Methods: The study employed a cross-sectional design using both quantitative and qualitative data collection methods. A structured questionnaire was administered to 254 respondents, 50% of whom were women. Simple random sampling was used to select the participants. Questionnaire data were analysed using SPSS at univariate and bivariate levels. Qualitative methods such as key informant interviews (with 6 participants) and Focus Group Discussions (three, one with men alone, another with women alone and the last one with both men and women) were also used to collect additional information from participants. Results: The findings indicated that socio-demographically, the majority (35%) of the respondents were aged between 20 and 29 years, 53% of whom were females. More women (about 56%) compared to men (44%) attained secondary education while more men (about 51% versus 49% of the women) reported that they were married. In terms of religion, the majority of the survey participants were Catholics (59% females and 49% males). With regard to communities’ knowledge about EVD, there was no significant relationship between men and women in terms of prior knowledge about EVD, risk factors and control measures. However, slightly more males (about 51%) than females (49%) had heard about EVD and more males (about 52%) than females (48%) admitted that they were at risk of contracting the disease. On the control measures, slightly more females than males (about 53% vs 展开更多
关键词 EBOLA VIRAL DISEASE (EVD) GENDER Bundibugyo DISTRICT Uganda
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Breast Cancer Paradox: High Curability versus High Mortality from a Gender Perspective 预览
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作者 Maria Gabriela Ribeiro Portella Virginia Dresch +1 位作者 Maria Martha de Luna Freire Ingrid Moraes de Siqueira 《健康(英文)》 2019年第10期1257-1271,共15页
Despite being considered a potentially curable disease, breast cancer is the most frequent cause of cancer death in women worldwide, establishing the following paradox: high curability versus high mortality. Among the... Despite being considered a potentially curable disease, breast cancer is the most frequent cause of cancer death in women worldwide, establishing the following paradox: high curability versus high mortality. Among the conditions conducive to this situation, such as difficult access to diagnosis and treatment and social support by the State, there is the need to discuss the impact of women’s caregiving, the backbone of the female gender role, on self-care in health. Gender has a powerful effect on determining health status: it may limit different rates of exposure to certain risks, different patterns in the quest for treatment or differential impacts of the social and economic determinants of health. The study shows the results of a qualitative methodology with nine women aged 48 to 74 years with varying levels of schooling and socioeconomic status, who had breast cancer at some stage of adult life and who regularly attend a nongovernmental organization (NGO) to support women with breast cancer, in the city of Niterói (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). The participants’ discourses evidenced the idea of the primacy of the caregiving, the idealized image of the warrior woman and their self-neglect and State’s care as elements of the potential impact on the choices of these women concerning self-care, and consequently in their experiences of illness. 展开更多
关键词 BREAST Cancer GENDER Women’s Health
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Performing Gender: Drag Performance and Its Reconstruction of Gender Identity in Chen Zhipeng’s Case 预览
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作者 陈鸿 《海外英语》 2019年第17期201-202,共2页
The thesis will analyze how to reconstruct gender identity through drag performance in a case study of Chen Zhipeng’s images in public based on Judith Butler’s concept of gender performativity.Chen Zhipeng’s cross-... The thesis will analyze how to reconstruct gender identity through drag performance in a case study of Chen Zhipeng’s images in public based on Judith Butler’s concept of gender performativity.Chen Zhipeng’s cross-dressing reconstructs his dynamic gender identity by disrupting hierarchical power structure by interrogating gender identities based on binary oppositions. 展开更多
关键词 drag PERFORMANCE GENDER performativity GENDER IDENTITY MASCULINITY
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性别:作为文学分析的方法——评《性别视角下的中国文学与文化》及相关系列丛书 被引量:1
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作者 董丽敏 《妇女研究论丛》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第1期116-122,共7页
文章通过对南开大学乔以钢等著的《性别视角下的中国文学与文化》以及'性别视角下的中国文学与文化丛书'的解读,认为其呈现了近年来女性/性别文学研究的一些新特点、新变化、新趋势。在理论探讨上,该系列论著对'性别'与... 文章通过对南开大学乔以钢等著的《性别视角下的中国文学与文化》以及'性别视角下的中国文学与文化丛书'的解读,认为其呈现了近年来女性/性别文学研究的一些新特点、新变化、新趋势。在理论探讨上,该系列论著对'性别'与'文学'关系的理解突破了简单的立场预设,有效融汇进了具有本土语境特点的性别文化内涵;在具体研究上,一方面该系列论著注重从纵向的历时性角度描绘中国'性别文学'的基本图景,归纳'性别文学'演进的一般规律,以呈现女性文学乃至中国文学的内在复杂性;另一方面,以文学为基本场域,从横向讨论性别与主体、阶级以及空间的关系,进而分析现代中国性别文化的价值指向。如何在'性别作为立场'与'性别作为方法'之间找到更有分寸感的平衡,进一步推动'性别文学'研究进入主流研究视野,该系列论著仍留下了需要继续探索的空间。 展开更多
关键词 性别 女性文学 性别文学 历史化 在地化
Exploring the Differences between Hispanic Men and Women with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Using the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) 预览
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作者 Madeleine Morin Erin St. Onge 《食品与营养科学(英文)》 2019年第7期713-718,共6页
Studies have shown Hispanic patients are at an increasing risk of developing type 2 diabetes;however, little is known about whether gender plays a role. Several studies were examined to help answer this question. Resu... Studies have shown Hispanic patients are at an increasing risk of developing type 2 diabetes;however, little is known about whether gender plays a role. Several studies were examined to help answer this question. Results of studies found female Hispanic patients tend to be more sedentary and thus struggle more with obesity, while male Hispanic patients tend to be more at risk due to smoking status and hypercholesterolemia. In addition, psychological distress and chronic stress were more likely to affect the risk for diabetes in men while immigration status was more likely to affect cardiovascular health in women. More studies are needed to fully understand the role of gender on diabetes risk;however, practitioners can utilize known information in order to tailor treatment to male or female Hispanic patients. 展开更多
关键词 Hispanic Diabetes Risk CARDIOVASCULAR GENDER
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Age and Gender Dependent Deposition of Crude Nutrients and Energy in Fast Growing Meat-Type Chickens 预览
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作者 Christian Wecke Frank Liebert 《动物科学期刊(英文)》 2019年第1期35-50,共16页
Two consecutive growth studies were conducted to investigate the age-dependent nutrient and energy deposition in male and female meat-type chickens (Ross 308) based on feather and feather-free body fraction data deter... Two consecutive growth studies were conducted to investigate the age-dependent nutrient and energy deposition in male and female meat-type chickens (Ross 308) based on feather and feather-free body fraction data determined according to the comparative slaughter technique. Birds were reared under standardized housing conditions (15 floor pens per gender, 5 birds per pen). Both the starter (day 1 to 22) and grower diets (day 22 to 36) were based on corn, wheat, soybean meal, soybean protein concentrate and crystalline feed amino acids. Diets were formulated to ensure an equal feed protein quality close to the ideal amino acid ratio by adjusting a constant mixture of the feed proteins. Individual body weight (BW) and feed intake per pen were recorded weekly. At the start (day 1) as well as on a weekly basis until the end of the 5th week, 15 birds per gender (each 3 pens of 5 birds) were selected and euthanized following 24 h feed deprivation. Subsequently, the feathers were manually removed and quantified. Crude nutrient analysed in representative samples of both feather and feather-free body fractions. The nutrient and energy deposition in the bodies of both genders were significantly increased with increasing age (p . Male birds deposited significantly higher body protein (p and female birds significantly more fat and energy in the whole body (p during the entire growth period. In contrast, no differences were found in protein contents of the BW gain between genders dependent on age (p > 0.05). However, the protein partitioning in the gain of both analyzed body fractions provided oppositional results. Accordingly, male birds yielded relatively more protein in the feather-free body fraction (p and females relatively more feather protein (p as related to the whole body protein gain. 展开更多
关键词 Growing CHICKENS Growth Performance Feed DEPRIVATION Empty Body Mass Nutrient DEPOSITION ENERGY DEPOSITION FEATHER Protein DEPOSITION Age GENDER
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大学生的爱情观与自尊:基于性别及性别角色双视角 预览
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作者 唐斯娜 杨洋 《牡丹江师范学院学报:社会科学版》 2019年第5期114-122,共9页
探讨大学生爱情观、自尊水平与性别角色的关系。采用爱情观量表(LAS)、自尊量表(SES)及大学生性别角色量表(CSRI)对835名大学生进行问卷调查。结果显示:性别角色类型与性别有关;自尊没有性别差异,但存在性别角色类型的差异,男性化群体... 探讨大学生爱情观、自尊水平与性别角色的关系。采用爱情观量表(LAS)、自尊量表(SES)及大学生性别角色量表(CSRI)对835名大学生进行问卷调查。结果显示:性别角色类型与性别有关;自尊没有性别差异,但存在性别角色类型的差异,男性化群体的自尊水平最高,女性化群体最低;自尊与浪漫、同伴爱情观有正相关,与占有爱情观负相关;性别和性别角色在爱情观和自尊上的交互作用均不显著。相较于传统性别视角,性别角色视角下的爱情观与自尊研究能够揭示出更多有价值的内容。 展开更多
关键词 爱情观 自尊 性别 性别角色
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Analysis of Measured Employees’ Absenteeism in the Forensic Science Laboratory 预览
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作者 Gloria Cuthbert Omari Samwel Victor Manyele George Mwaluko 《工程(英文)(1947-3931)》 2019年第3期137-166,共30页
A detailed analysis of the measured absenteeism data for employees in a forensic science laboratory (FSL) is presented. About 134 employees out of 172 were used as a sample. The factors assumed to affect absenteeism i... A detailed analysis of the measured absenteeism data for employees in a forensic science laboratory (FSL) is presented. About 134 employees out of 172 were used as a sample. The factors assumed to affect absenteeism included differences in gender, departments/units, period of the year, skill-levels and professions. The data were collected throughout a calendar year, using a biometric system infrastructure incorporating fingerprint capturing device, IP camera, database server and software (Bio Star Version 1.62). The calendar was used to establish the total working days and hours while employee absenteeism data in percentage were established by computation of days and hours absent for a given period, based on days or hours attended. Equations were derived to determine the absenteeism ratios expressed in percentage (Abd and Abh). The absenteeism ratio, Abh, was observed to be the most appropriate parameter. The business development department (BDD) shows the lowest Abh compared to other departments. Female employees show higher Abh and lower Abd than male employees, while accountants show lowest absenteeism compared to Employees in professional level who had highest absence rate compared to skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled employees. Most hours were lost during September-December compared to the rest of the year. The results reveal higher employee absenteeism in the FSL affecting its performance. 展开更多
关键词 ABSENTEEISM ABSENTEEISM Ratio BIOMETRIC Forensic Science LABORATORY GENDER LABORATORY Professions
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Evaluation of Disparities between Transportation Needs and Trip Patterns of Men and Women in Kandahar City, Afghanistan 预览
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作者 Mohibullah Rahmat Shoshi Mizokami 《交通科技期刊(英文)》 2019年第1期78-94,共17页
Consideration of gender equality in transportation planning is quite a new phenomenon. However, its significance is discussed widely by several researchers, particularly, in developing countries. In Kandahar city of A... Consideration of gender equality in transportation planning is quite a new phenomenon. However, its significance is discussed widely by several researchers, particularly, in developing countries. In Kandahar city of Afghanistan, women have limited choices when it comes to using transportation services. With respect to some cultural, social, contextual, environmental, technological and physical barriers;women do not receive equal services from the current transport sectors. Using Revealed Preference and Stated Preference techniques, a survey was conducted in Kandahar city to identify the differences between trip patterns and transportation needs among men and women of the city. Our findings show distinct and clear disparities in socio-demographic characteristics of men and women of Kandahar city leading to trip disparities. Almost all of women do not own any types of personal vehicles, they are less educated and do not have jobs. Likewise, there is a considerable gap between trip characteristics and patterns of men and women. Majority of female trips are for educational purposes while male trips are more dispersed over multiple activities. Motorcycle is the most dominant and preferred mode for men, while women are mostly walking or using available public transit. Compared to men, women were recorded to have lesser trips per day over short distances. Transportation choices of women are also limited to walking, accompanying other male members of family or using public modes. However, men are generally using their private cars, motorcycles and bicycles together with all those options available for women. The results of Multinomial Logit Model showed that all selected variables such as vehicle ownership, income, travel cost and time will be significant factors for mode choice behavior of men, though for female respondents travel time and travel cost are main factors. 展开更多
关键词 Trip PATTERNS GENDER TRANSPORTATION Needs Kandahar AFGHANISTAN
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Agroforestry Practices in Midhills of Nepal from Gender Perspective 预览
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作者 Deepa Paudel Krishna Raj Tiwari +2 位作者 Nani Raut Bishal K. Sitaula Prabin Poudel 《林学期刊(英文)》 2019年第4期323-340,共18页
Agroforestry practice is becoming compassionate option for rural communities to fulfil basic needs and generate income for households’ wellbeing. Gender consideration seems worthful to obtain optimum benefits from ag... Agroforestry practice is becoming compassionate option for rural communities to fulfil basic needs and generate income for households’ wellbeing. Gender consideration seems worthful to obtain optimum benefits from agroforestry practices in the scarcity of male labour in the locality. This paper has attempted to analyse tendency of gendered participation in agroforestry practice and their existence in gaining benefits. We selected three mid-hills districts of Nepal where people are adopting both traditional (fulfilling subsistence needs) and improved (commercial purpose along with fulfilling subsistence needs) practices. We organized focused group discussions (n = 9), randomly sampled (n = 420) households for interview from each practice (n = 210) to analyse gendered wise participation in farm establishment, management intervention, capacity building and access to information, known as major agroforestry promoting activities. Key informant interview (n = 18), focused group discussions (n = 9), randomly sampled (n = 420) households for interview from each practice (n = 210) was organized to analyse gendered wise participation in farm establishment, management intervention, capacity building and access to information, known as major agroforestry promoting activities. Women participation seemed to be higher in establishment activities than male in traditional practices whereas males were front in applying chemical fertilizer and pesticides and irrigation in improved practices. While changing in practices from traditional to improved, male participation during land tillage found to be significant. Male domination was observed in making decisions regarding species selection in traditional practices whereas women domination was observed in improved practices. Men’s involvement in species selection and plantation was found significant with changing in practices from traditional to improved. Men were ahead in capacity building and skill development activities in traditional practices but women were more active in impr 展开更多
关键词 TRADITIONAL IMPROVED GENDER BENEFITS TECHNOLOGY
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形状-性别内隐联结及其对消费者形状偏好的影响 预览
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作者 丁瑛 庞隽 王妍苏 《心理学报》 CSSCI CSCD 北大核心 2019年第2期216-226,共11页
本文探讨了形状与性别之间的内隐联结及其对消费者形状偏好的影响。通过4个实验,作者发现形状与性别之间存在内隐联结,即圆润的形状与女性更相关,而有棱角的形状与男性更相关。这一内隐联结被拓展到品牌感知上,导致品牌的性别形象影响... 本文探讨了形状与性别之间的内隐联结及其对消费者形状偏好的影响。通过4个实验,作者发现形状与性别之间存在内隐联结,即圆润的形状与女性更相关,而有棱角的形状与男性更相关。这一内隐联结被拓展到品牌感知上,导致品牌的性别形象影响消费者对圆形或棱角形产品的偏好,而感知匹配度在其中起中介作用。这些研究发现进一步丰富了现有关于形状偏好以及形状象征意义的文献,并对视觉营销中的形状设计提供了重要的实践指导。 展开更多
关键词 形状 性别 内隐联结 产品形状 品牌性别形象
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中国农村家庭养老现状:人口流动下的家庭照顾循环
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作者 刘捷玉 《开放时代》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第1期179-193,M0005共16页
既往老龄学领域关于家庭照顾的研究普遍在一个量化的二元框架中展开,区别于代际间“单方照顾”或“相互照顾”的传统解释,本文借鉴了移民学中“照顾循环”的概念框架解释了当代中国农村家庭照顾老人的过程,就农村人口流动对家庭养老与... 既往老龄学领域关于家庭照顾的研究普遍在一个量化的二元框架中展开,区别于代际间“单方照顾”或“相互照顾”的传统解释,本文借鉴了移民学中“照顾循环”的概念框架解释了当代中国农村家庭照顾老人的过程,就农村人口流动对家庭养老与子女养育的影响提供了更详尽的认识。研究表明,照顾与接受照顾的过程不断在农村家庭内部循环,照顾的成员、地点与程度不一,并贯穿家庭各成员的生命历程。本文发现:就业状况、外出时长、家庭生命周期以及子女与父母间的家庭关系,间接影响了外出打工子女照顾父母的方式与质量。最后,本文指出了不同地区与世代间农村女性的照顾负担存在差异。 展开更多
关键词 农村老龄化 照顾循环 流动人口 代际关系 社会性别
巴特勒述行理论的生成谱系及实践维度 预览
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作者 陶佳洁 《南京师范大学文学院学报》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第2期93-99,共7页
朱迪斯·巴特勒的述行理论自问世以来便成为西方文论的关键词之一。她将述行理论应用于性别研究,重新定位性别身份。但国内对巴特勒的研究仍停留在整理、概述层面。本文通过追溯奥斯汀的言语行为理论及德里达以“重复”和“增补”... 朱迪斯·巴特勒的述行理论自问世以来便成为西方文论的关键词之一。她将述行理论应用于性别研究,重新定位性别身份。但国内对巴特勒的研究仍停留在整理、概述层面。本文通过追溯奥斯汀的言语行为理论及德里达以“重复”和“增补”等概念为主的解构批评,爬梳巴特勒性别述行理论的生成基础,详细论述巴特勒以性别为基础所构建的新表演性理论体系及参与的文化实践。 展开更多
关键词 述行理论 性别 言语行为
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On Black Feminism in The Help 预览
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作者 HOU Xia 《文学与艺术研究:英文版》 2019年第2期183-187,共5页
The Help is regarded as one of the representative works reflecting the life of black women in the 21st century in the United States.It takes the real events in history as its material,and adds fictional characters and... The Help is regarded as one of the representative works reflecting the life of black women in the 21st century in the United States.It takes the real events in history as its material,and adds fictional characters and plots to express the author’s thoughts on the social status of black women and the social problems.In terms of class,race,and gender,the author finds that the plight of black women is constantly repeating and they are still living at the bottom of society.From the perspectives of class oppression,racial discrimination,and gender discrimination,this paper explores the marginalized living conditions of black women in the United States and their spiritual salvation,thus analyzes the Black Feminism reflected in The Help. 展开更多
关键词 The HELP BLACK FEMINISM GENDER DISCRIMINATION RACIAL DISCRIMINATION
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大学生网购非理性决策中的性别差异研究——基于锚定效应理论
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作者 冯珍 郑乐乐 《数学的实践与认识》 北大核心 2019年第19期145-152,共8页
针对女性消费者的非理性程度高于男性消费者的传统观点,以锚定效应为理论基础,以淘宝平台为例,量化研究了大学生网购非理性决策的性别差异.研究发现女大学生网购决策的非理性程度并非在任何情境下均高于男大学生:低折扣水平下,女大学生... 针对女性消费者的非理性程度高于男性消费者的传统观点,以锚定效应为理论基础,以淘宝平台为例,量化研究了大学生网购非理性决策的性别差异.研究发现女大学生网购决策的非理性程度并非在任何情境下均高于男大学生:低折扣水平下,女大学生的非理性程度大;中等或相对高的折扣水平下,男大学生的非理性程度大.提出的研究方法为非理性行为的量化研究提供了新思路,对网络零售商的销售决策具有参考作用. 展开更多
关键词 网购 非理性决策 性别 折扣水平 锚定效应 大学生
单中心Stanford B型主动脉夹层腔内修复术对不同性别患者的疗效观察
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作者 王闯胜 李建军 +2 位作者 肖贾伟 陈锦州 朱培欣 《深圳中西医结合杂志》 2019年第19期88-90,共3页
目的:比较腔内修复术应用于不同性别单中心Stanford B型主动脉夹层(AD)患者治疗的临床效果。方法:从平煤神马医疗集团总医院2014年8月至2017年8月收治单中心Stanford B型AD患者中随机选取77例随机分为女性组(n=27)、男性组(n=50),均给... 目的:比较腔内修复术应用于不同性别单中心Stanford B型主动脉夹层(AD)患者治疗的临床效果。方法:从平煤神马医疗集团总医院2014年8月至2017年8月收治单中心Stanford B型AD患者中随机选取77例随机分为女性组(n=27)、男性组(n=50),均给予腔内修复术治疗,回顾分析两组手术治疗效果。结果:两组手术成功率均为100%;围术期患者术后疼痛、发热及脑卒中、感染性疾病、伤口延期愈合、肢体活动障碍、内漏发生率比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);随访结果显示,两组全因、主动脉源性、脑源性、心源性肿瘤源性死亡及其他源性死亡率、新发冠心病发生率、再次手术率、脑血管病发生率比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论:AD腔内修复术应用于男性、女性单中心Stanford B型AD患者治疗时,效果和安全性均相当。 展开更多
关键词 主动脉夹层 腔内修复术 性别
Challenges in Cardiovascular Risk Prediction and Stratifi cation in Women 预览
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作者 Sonia Henry,MD Rachel Bond,MD +2 位作者 Stacey Rosen,MD Cindy Grines,MD Jennifer Mieres,MD 《心血管创新与应用》 2019年第B02期329-348,共20页
There has been an appropriate focus,since the turn of the 21 st century,on sex-and gender-specifi c cardiovascular disease(CVD)as increasing evidence suggests that there are substantial differences in the risk factor ... There has been an appropriate focus,since the turn of the 21 st century,on sex-and gender-specifi c cardiovascular disease(CVD)as increasing evidence suggests that there are substantial differences in the risk factor profi le,social and environmental factors,clinical presentation,diagnosis,and treatment of ischemic heart disease in women compared with men.As a result of increased awareness,detection,and treatment of ischemic heart disease in women,there has been signifi cant reduction(greater than 30%)in cardiovascular mortality,and in 2013,more US men than US women died of CVD.Nevertheless,continued efforts are required as CVD remains the leading cause of cardiovascular morbidity and death of women in the Western world,and in women younger than 55 years there has been a rise in cardiovascular mortality.In this article,we review several of the contributing factors that continue to cause challenges in accurate risk prediction and risk stratifi cation in women. 展开更多
关键词 SEX and GENDER DISPARITY RISK prediction RISK stratifi CATION ISCHEMIC heart disease
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中小学生人群聚集处不安全行为倾向研究 预览
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作者 杨新宇 郭明乐 《安全与环境工程》 CAS 北大核心 2019年第4期152-160,共9页
为预防中小学生在公共场所的安全事故,以不安全行为为切入点,选取某大学附属学校的中小学生作为调查样本,通过学校大门口处的监控视频获取中小学生上放学时间段内人群活动的数据,利用SPSS软件对中小学生人群聚集处不安全行为的倾向及其... 为预防中小学生在公共场所的安全事故,以不安全行为为切入点,选取某大学附属学校的中小学生作为调查样本,通过学校大门口处的监控视频获取中小学生上放学时间段内人群活动的数据,利用SPSS软件对中小学生人群聚集处不安全行为的倾向及其影响因素进行了描述统计分析和卡方检验,研究中小学生不安全行为特征表现的相关性和差异性。结果表明:①中小学生在无约束的状态下主要的不安全行为有跑跳、追逐、推搡、路上逗留等;②中小学生中男生比女生更容易发生不安全行为;③早中晚4个上下学时间段内,中小学生发生不安全行为的概率基本一致,约为21.35%;④早中晚4个上下学时间段内,中午放学时间段内学校大门口处中小学生人群密度最大,中小学生发生不安全行为的概率最大;⑤中小学生跑跳、追逐、推搡、路上逗留等不安全行为的发生存在明显的性别倾向,男生发生跑跳、追逐、推搡不安全行为的概率高于女生,女生发生路上逗留不安全行为的概率高于男生。 展开更多
关键词 中小学生 不安全行为 行为倾向 人群密度 性别
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