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A Brief Introduction to the Development Process of Conceptual Structure 预览
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作者 韩婧婧 《校园英语》 2019年第28期233-234,共2页
This paper aims to explore the theory of conceptual semantics to answer the question of how conceptual structure is proposed.The introduction is the theoretical background of this paper,which includes a development me... This paper aims to explore the theory of conceptual semantics to answer the question of how conceptual structure is proposed.The introduction is the theoretical background of this paper,which includes a development method from decomposition to composition.The conclusion is that the process of how to express a conceptual structure should follow the method of correspondence between syntactic structure and conceptual structure first,and then insert the fragmentary conceptual categories into one of the five general ontological categories to finally present a conceptual structure. 展开更多
关键词 CONCEPTUAL STRUCTURE CONCEPTUAL SEMANTICS CATEGORIES
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The Study on Metaphors in Robert Frost’s Poems 预览
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作者 张卓萍 《海外英语》 2019年第1期222-223,225共3页
Abstract:In this paper,Robert Frost’s poetry is the main object of study.The thesis studies metaphor using the CIT and CMT.The thesis is to offer a new perspective for Frost’s poetry interpretation and to prove that... Abstract:In this paper,Robert Frost’s poetry is the main object of study.The thesis studies metaphor using the CIT and CMT.The thesis is to offer a new perspective for Frost’s poetry interpretation and to prove that the cognitive mechanism of CMT and CIT can work as effective tools in the interpretation of his poems.This study analyzes The Pasture,After Apple-Picking,Fire and Ice,Come in.And the following conclusions are drawn:first and foremost,in Frost’s poems,nature is an essential image.Frost uses many images.Second,metaphor in Frost’s poems comes from the basic conceptual metaphor in our daily life.Metaphor plays a very important role in understanding the poem.Metaphor used in his poems is from his physical and mental feelings. 展开更多
关键词 METAPHOR CONCEPTUAL METAPHOR THEORY CONCEPTUAL Integration THEORY Robert FROST
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The Cognitive Mechanism of Humor―Based on Conceptual Blending Theory and Relevance Theory 预览
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作者 KANG Xinyu GAO Wencheng 《中美英语教学:英文版》 2019年第7期293-299,共7页
Humor, as a form of interesting interaction, often appears in our daily life. The purpose of this paper is to explore the cognitive mechanism of humor. It is found that humor is dependent on people’s relevance and in... Humor, as a form of interesting interaction, often appears in our daily life. The purpose of this paper is to explore the cognitive mechanism of humor. It is found that humor is dependent on people’s relevance and inference in their minds, and also on the conceptual blending with its emergent structure. The authors hold that these two theories are supplementary to each other;the combination has even more powerful interpretation about the workings of humor generation. 展开更多
关键词 HUMOR CONCEPTUAL BLENDING THEORY RELEVANCE THEORY
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The Deaths of One Conceptual Metaphor in Two Languages
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作者 Callisto Searle 《中国哲学前沿:英文版》 2019年第2期322-341,共20页
This title refers to what I see as the state of synonymy between the word "husbandry" in English and the word se 嗇 in Chinese. There are points of striking similarity, not only in the meaning and usage of t... This title refers to what I see as the state of synonymy between the word "husbandry" in English and the word se 嗇 in Chinese. There are points of striking similarity, not only in the meaning and usage of these two words, but also in the changes in their usage over time, and I have found a comparative study of the etymology of these two words to be mutually illuminating. The similarity and potential for mutual analysis between these two case studies speaks to the universality of metaphor in thought and its expression, as well as the influence of shared experiences, such as agricultural practices, on how we talk about ideas that are more abstract. In English, the idea of a general practice of husbandry derived from the idea of the husbandman or farmer in Late Medieval English (Cl3th onwards). A more abstracted sense of husbandry, understood as an attitude that may be applied to abstract and intangible objects is witnessed in Shakespeare's sonnets in the Cl6th. This sense of husbandry, the husbandry of intangible resources, is also precisely the sense that is developed by a small and specialised group of writers in China represented by texts dating from the pre-Qin period to the Eastern Jin dynasty, following a similar progression from agricultural to ever more metaphorical senses of the practice of husbandry. The similarity of the process through which these abstracted meanings developed from concrete usage in both cases makes the pair mutually illustrative as I hope to show in this paper. 展开更多
关键词 PRE-QIN Masters' TEXTS CONCEPTUAL METAPHORS agriculture
Vee-tail conceptual design criteria for commercial transport aeroplanes
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作者 Alejandro SANCHEZ-CARMONA Cristina CUERNO-REJADO 《中国航空学报:英文版》 SCIE EI CAS CSCD 2019年第3期595-610,共16页
Vee-tail configuration is an unconventional tail configuration for commercial transport aviation, the use of which could suppose reductions on CO2 emissions. The conceptual design criteria have been selected inspired ... Vee-tail configuration is an unconventional tail configuration for commercial transport aviation, the use of which could suppose reductions on CO2 emissions. The conceptual design criteria have been selected inspired on the certification requirements established by the aviation regulation in force. They are static stability in cruise, control after Critical Engine Failure(CEF),control in crosswind landing, and trim in these three conditions. The study is carried out through a combination of semi-empirical techniques and Vortex-Lattice Methods(VLM) and thus this analyses the consequences of applying these criteria to a reference aeroplane substituting its conventional tail by a parametrised Vee-tail configuration. The Vee-tail is defined by four parameters:span, root chord, taper ratio and dihedral angle. The results of the study establish a relation between the parameters in order to accomplish the proposed conceptual design criteria. To sum up, minimum and maximum limits are obtained for dihedral angle depending on the combination of the rest of parameters. In addition, a design restriction to the yawing trailing-edge tail control is reached when the results are analysed, demonstrating that its minimum size must be between 60%and 80% of the half-span of the tail, depending on the Vee-tail geometry. 展开更多
关键词 COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT aeroplane CONCEPTUAL aircraft DESIGN TAIL DESIGN requirements Unconventional TAIL DESIGN Vee-tail
Ancient Myths and the Construction of Regional Literary History--The General History of Sichuan Literature 预览
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作者 Kong Xuyou Wu Lingwei 《当代社会科学(英文)》 2019年第3期59-68,共10页
The literary study of ancient mythology is a rational and necessary prerequisite for the study of the general history of Sichuan literature in the Pre-Qin period, though it can go beyond the study of literature. Compa... The literary study of ancient mythology is a rational and necessary prerequisite for the study of the general history of Sichuan literature in the Pre-Qin period, though it can go beyond the study of literature. Compared with other Chinese regional literatures such as Jing-Chu literature, the insufficiency of the literalization of the early Ba-Shu myth, to some extent, devalues the Ba-Shu literature in the Pre-Qin period and affects its consistence. When dealing with the influence of ancient mythology on the development of Chinese regional literature, including Sichuan literature, we need to analyze the inherent impact of regional mythology on the developing literature using a three-step process: restoring and summarizing the mythological pedigree, uncovering the “conceptual structure” of the mythology, and explaining the impact of the mythology on the developing literature. This paper uses this three-step process to construct the general history of Sichuan literature. 展开更多
关键词 ANCIENT Ba-Shu MYTHOLOGY the general history of SICHUAN LITERATURE WRITING CONCEPTUAL structure
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Extractive distillation: Advances in conceptual design, solvent selection,and separation strategies
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作者 Shirui Sun Liping Lü +2 位作者 Ao Yang Shun'an Wei Weifeng Shen 《中国化学工程学报:英文版》 SCIE EI CAS CSCD 2019年第6期1247-1256,共10页
Extractive distillation(ED) is one of the most promising approaches for the separation of the azeotropic or closeboiling mixtures in the chemical industry. The purpose of this paper is to provide a broad overview of t... Extractive distillation(ED) is one of the most promising approaches for the separation of the azeotropic or closeboiling mixtures in the chemical industry. The purpose of this paper is to provide a broad overview of the recent development of key aspects in the ED process involving conceptual design, solvent selection, and separation strategies. To obtain the minimum entrainer feed flow rate and reflux ratio for the ED process, the conceptual design of azeotropic mixture separation based on a topological analysis via thermodynamic feasibility insights involving residue curve maps, univolatility lines, and unidistribution curves is presented. The method is applicable to arbitrary multicomponent mixtures and allows direct screening of design alternatives. The determination of a suitable solvent is one of the key steps to ensure an effective and economical ED process. Candidate entrainers can be obtained from heuristics or literature studies while computer aided molecular design(CAMD) has superiority in efficiency and reliability. To achieve optimized extractive distillation systems, a brief review of evaluation method for both entrainer design and selection through CAMD is presented. Extractive distillation can be operated either in continuous extractive distillation(CED) or batch extractive distillation(BED), and both modes have been well-studied depending on the advantages in flexibility and low capital costs. To improve the energy efficiency, several configurations and technological alternatives can be used for both CED and BED depending on strategies and main azeotropic feeds. The challenge and chance of the further ED development involving screening the best potential solvents and exploring the energy-intensive separation strategies are discussed aiming at promoting the industrial application of this environmentally friendly separation technique. 展开更多
关键词 Extractive DISTILLATION SEPARATION STRATEGIES SOLVENT selection CONCEPTUAL design
A Study of Conceptual Metaphors in The Bluest Eye 预览
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作者 GE Ruizhen GAO Wencheng 《美中外语:英文版》 2019年第7期322-327,共6页
The Bluest Eye is seldom studied from a linguistic perspective. Conceptual metaphor is the latest achievement in cognitive linguistics. Metaphor is a kind way of thinking and action. The research question is: What con... The Bluest Eye is seldom studied from a linguistic perspective. Conceptual metaphor is the latest achievement in cognitive linguistics. Metaphor is a kind way of thinking and action. The research question is: What conceptual metaphors are embodied in the Bluest Eye? And how these conceptual metaphors reflect the theme of the novel? Four conceptual metaphors are discovered in the novel. The first one is ‘LIFE IS FOUR SEASONS’. The cycle of seasons represents birth, growth, death, and regeneration. The second one is ‘A BLACK SLAVE IS A BIRD IN A CAGE’. A bird represents freedom, but Pecola is imprisoned by the social environment.‘VALUE IS DOLL’ is the third conceptual metaphor. The doll symbolizes beauty;however, Pecola is regarded as an ugly girl, so she has no doll. The fourth one is ‘DEATH OF HOPE IS MARIGOLD’. Marigold is often related to death;Pecola’s miserable life experience made her life rather than death. Through these four conceptual metaphors, the author conveys the unfairness and racial discrimination of the society at that time. The author appeals to the society to treat everyone equally, including black people. 展开更多
关键词 The Bluest Eye CONCEPTUAL METAPHORS BLACK people RACIAL DISCRIMINATION
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Design Mechanism: A Design Methodology for the Construction of Urban Reality 预览
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作者 Eirini Krasaki 《哲学研究:英文版》 2019年第4期197-203,共7页
The proposed design methodology combines data analysis, algorithmic design, linguistics, mathematics physics to analyze methodologically the complex system of the urban fabric. The implementation of this design mechan... The proposed design methodology combines data analysis, algorithmic design, linguistics, mathematics physics to analyze methodologically the complex system of the urban fabric. The implementation of this design mechanism uses the urban fabric of Eleusis as a paradigm. The urban body of Eleusis is defined as a palimpsest of descriptions and images, synthesized spatially in multiple layers and is therefore considered to be a suitable sample for the preliminary application of the proposed methodology. Urban reality can be described as a complex system as it consists of both tangible and intangible elements, the characteristics of which are quantified by the context and the logical descriptions in which they are incorporated. However, descriptive logic changes constantly, following the development of multiplicity and the extension of concepts. Therefore, the body of urban reality is redefined continuously following the change in both logical descriptions and contexts. Considering that each framework draws up an ideology and chooses to analyze its’ core meaning, a linguistic analysis tool is developed for the combination of data visualization analysis, linguistic, and design methodologies to parameterize description of logics. Written speech is transformed into networks visualizing their ontological relationships. This creates a nebula of data (cluster) that assembles the immaterial reality of the urban fabric which is then transformed into local parameters by the appropriate methodological processes giving the relation between the nebula of descriptions and the locality of the network of descriptions. The material reality of the urban fabric is described through analyzing its’ grid transformations. The infinite body1 The objective of this research focuses on the construction of reality. The term reality is linked to pragmatism and derives from the ancient Greek word “pragma” and refers to anything that can be revealed through our senses of reality is synthesized through the composition of its’ material and 展开更多
关键词 algorithmic DESIGN CONCEPTUAL DESIGN CONSTRUCTION of REALITY LINGUISTICS PARAMETRIZATION
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提升“原理”课质量应把握的四个着力点 预览
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作者 谢周艳 《黑龙江工程学院学报》 CAS 2018年第6期55-58,共4页
“马克思主义基本原理概论”(简称“原理”)课是本科高校必修的政治理论主干课程之一,提升“原理”课质量是做好新时代大学生思想政治工作的内在要求。“原理”课教学应注重“认知—知识—能力—觉悟”等层次的统一,优化教学目标,精选... “马克思主义基本原理概论”(简称“原理”)课是本科高校必修的政治理论主干课程之一,提升“原理”课质量是做好新时代大学生思想政治工作的内在要求。“原理”课教学应注重“认知—知识—能力—觉悟”等层次的统一,优化教学目标,精选教学内容,巧用教学方法,把握四个“着力点”,即着力于思辨性;着力于人文性;着力于实践性;着力于前瞻性,切实增强课程质量,真正落实立德树人的根本任务。 展开更多
关键词 “原理”课 思辨性 人文性 实践性 前瞻性
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Concept Paper: Developing Pavement Structural Deterioration Curves 预览
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作者 Gregory Kelly Gary Chai +2 位作者 Sittampalam Manoharan Deborah Delaney Sanaul Chowdhury 《土木工程与建筑:英文版》 2018年第7期518-526,共9页
关键词 人行道 结构 恶化 交通速度 道路网络 SNI 管理系统 FWD
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水资源综合模拟与调配模型WAS(Ⅰ):模型原理与构建 预览 被引量:2
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作者 桑学锋 王浩 +2 位作者 王建华 赵勇 周祖昊 《水利学报》 CSCD 北大核心 2018年第12期1451-1459,共9页
针对自然-社会水资源系统的复杂互馈机制科学问题,以及水资源管理应用需求,将水文学数值模拟和水资源适应性调配相结合,研究构建了概念性半分布式水资源综合模拟与调配模型WAS;提出了模型架构、单元划分、动态互馈模拟、计算公式和运行... 针对自然-社会水资源系统的复杂互馈机制科学问题,以及水资源管理应用需求,将水文学数值模拟和水资源适应性调配相结合,研究构建了概念性半分布式水资源综合模拟与调配模型WAS;提出了模型架构、单元划分、动态互馈模拟、计算公式和运行策略等WAS模型原理及方法,为自然-社会水资源复杂系统的模拟与科学调配提供支撑。 展开更多
关键词 水资源 模拟与调配 概念性 半分布式 模型
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Towards a Holistic Place Branding Model:A Conceptual Model Proposal 预览
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作者 Mohamed Berrada 《中国经济评论:英文版》 2018年第5期223-237,共15页
This paper proposes a comprehensive and integrative model which will contribute to a successful place branding.The new model is proposed based on the analysis of 30 previous place branding models and enriched by the l... This paper proposes a comprehensive and integrative model which will contribute to a successful place branding.The new model is proposed based on the analysis of 30 previous place branding models and enriched by the literature review.The result of this work is the conceptual model that offers a more global perspective of place branding and consists of the following 11 interrelated elements:place,brand leadership,community stakeholders engagement,brand vision,brand architecture,brand identity,brand communications,brand image,brand experience,brand actions and brand evaluation,which must be incorporated into any place branding model as they prove to be relevant and play a strategic role in the branding process.They are essential for place brand development and management,and represent key success factors of place brands.The research implications are to give researchers a guide for literature development,theory building,and future research.The practical implications are to offer practitioners,professionals,local officials,and even governments a model that explains the place branding process to effectively create and manage a place brand.Unlike previous models which take different perspectives on the branding process,this one is holistic as it encompasses(almost)all of them.The new model highlights also new elements that do not appear in the previous ones. 展开更多
关键词 PACE BRANDING CONCEPTUAL HOLISTIC MODEL BRANDING process place BRAND development success factors
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Status and Prospect of CTL and SNG Industry 预览
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作者 Kong Lingfeng Zhu Xingshan Zhan Enqiang 《中国油气:英文版》 CAS 2018年第1期9-16,共8页
Since the beginning of this century,revolutionary progress has been made in the understanding of resources and in the mining technologies of the oil and gas industry.Advances in petroleum engineering technology repres... Since the beginning of this century,revolutionary progress has been made in the understanding of resources and in the mining technologies of the oil and gas industry.Advances in petroleum engineering technology represented by horizontal wells and large-scale fracturing have promoted the scale development of low-grade and unconventional oil and gas resources.After the rapid growth of natural gas production in China for more than 10 consecutive years,the replacement of conventional natural gas resources has been weak and unconventional natural gas has become the major force for increasing production.Coal based SNG(synthetic natural gas)has also become a major competitor in the domestic market.The development of CTL(coal-toliquids)and SNG industries has brought coal resources into the oil and gas product market,expanding the concept of traditional oil and gas resources.The continuous improvement of petroleum engineering technology has promoted the development of deep underground coal gasification technology,which has given economic value to the huge amount of deep coal resources that are unable to be exploited by underground mining,and provides a tremendous resource guarantee for the sustainable development of the traditional oil and gas industry.A preliminary calculation shows that deep underground coal gasification has a competitive advantage in cost compared with high-cost,low-grade,unconventional gas and coal-based natural gas.Deep underground coal gasification is a typical cross-disciplinary and cross-sectoral sophisticated technology.Domestic oil and gas enterprises have dominant advantages in the engineering technology of this field.Further technical integration innovation and multi-industry joint research are needed to eventually realize the commercial application of this deep underground coal gasification technology. 展开更多
关键词 Unconventional OIL and GAS Converted OIL and GAS CTL SNG Deep underground COAL gasification Conceptual INNOVATION Technology integration INNOVATION COAL cavern GAS storage
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当观念成为艺术——鼻祖杜尚
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作者 小闲 《世界知识画报:艺术视界》 2018年第2期30-31,共2页
上世纪中期,观念艺术的出现打破了千百年来人们对"艺术"的定义。约瑟夫·科苏斯说:"所有的艺术在本质上都是观念的,因为只有从观念的角度看艺术才是存在的。"在"观念"的统领下,艺术变得和从前大不一样。
关键词 观念艺术 科苏 瑟夫 中期 定义 artist conceptual broke
A Discursive Approach to Aporia in The Turn of the Screw 预览
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作者 YE La-mei 《文学与艺术研究:英文版》 2017年第2期130-139,共10页
Henry James’s The Turn of the Screw (1898) is a fascinating thriller that bewilders readers and critics alike for more than 100 years since its publication. Based upon the analytic frame of Bakhtin’s critical vision... Henry James’s The Turn of the Screw (1898) is a fascinating thriller that bewilders readers and critics alike for more than 100 years since its publication. Based upon the analytic frame of Bakhtin’s critical vision on conceptual horizons, and the double-voiced active discourse, this paper seeks to locate the recurrence of aporia through a tracing of the varied speakers and listeners in the text, and the varied discourses viewed from the stance of an implied author, for which all contribute to the cloudy effect of the novel. The author argues that conceptual horizons and double-voiced active discourse both possess the power of bringing about ambiguity in textual understanding. This study intends to broaden critics’ horizon and diversify the appreciation of this work. 展开更多
关键词 CONCEPTUAL HORIZONS double-voiced active DISCOURSE APORIA The TURN of the Screw
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古诗词鉴赏思维建模论之知识建模 预览
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作者 黄伟中 《中学语文:教学大参考(上旬)》 2017年第10期74-75,共2页
一、何为思维建模?何为模型?赖斯和杜尔(Lesh & Doerr,2003)认为:模型是由元素、关系、操作以及控制其相互作用的规则组成的概念系统。美国学者D·H·乔纳森在他的著作《用于概念转变的思维工具:技术支持的思维建模》(... 一、何为思维建模?何为模型?赖斯和杜尔(Lesh & Doerr,2003)认为:模型是由元素、关系、操作以及控制其相互作用的规则组成的概念系统。美国学者D·H·乔纳森在他的著作《用于概念转变的思维工具:技术支持的思维建模》(《Modeing with technology:mindtools for conceptual change》)一书中提出:思维建模通过思维建模工具帮助学习者具化内部的认知概念模型,促使学习者在建模的过程中积极地调整与修改自我的概念模型结构, 展开更多
关键词 建模 模论 认知概念 诗词鉴赏 赖斯 CONCEPTUAL 概念转变 思维过程 乔纳森 概念系统
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Exploring Picturebooks Through the Model of Double-Scope Stories
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作者 Xiaofei Shi 《语言与符号学研究》 2017年第1期114-124,共11页
This article investigates the picturebook as the aesthetic object that integrates the verbal narrative and the visual narrative,and hinges on interactions between the two levels of narratives.Often drawing on the theo... This article investigates the picturebook as the aesthetic object that integrates the verbal narrative and the visual narrative,and hinges on interactions between the two levels of narratives.Often drawing on the theory of semiotics,picturebook scholars have revealed the complex interactions between the verbal and the visual,the demands that a picturebook may put on the reader,and the hermeneutic nature of picturebook reading.Two significant issues,however,still need to be further explored:why the reader can possibly relate and integrate the verbal and the visual,and why some readers may turn to pictures more than to words,or vice versa.I propose to explore the two issues primarily through the model of double-scope stories within the theoretical framework of cognitive criticism.I argue that the universality of the intellectual and imaginative activity of conceptual blending makes it possible for the reader to relate pictures to words,or vice versa,and to integrate them.Though to make meaning from the picturebook as a double-scope story requires the reader to integrate the two levels of narratives,the verbal and the visual can sometimes constitute two relatively independent input stories.Readers may be more oriented towards either one of them,partially due to the difference in their innate cognitive structures.The arguments will be illustrated with a close analysis of Lane Smith’s picturebook Grandpa Green. 展开更多
关键词 picturebook cognitive CRITICISM CONCEPTUAL BLENDING double-scope story
Conceptual Knowledge of Writing:A Synthesis of Literature 预览
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作者 孔云军 《疯狂英语:理论版》 2017年第3期73-74,共2页
An identification of conceptual knowledge of writing contributes to teachers'understanding of writing and their writing instruction.This paper synthesized various definitions of writing and portrayed writing as lingu... An identification of conceptual knowledge of writing contributes to teachers'understanding of writing and their writing instruction.This paper synthesized various definitions of writing and portrayed writing as linguistic product,cognitive process,social and cultural activities.These identifications and syntheses of writing may be of interest to practitioners. 展开更多
关键词 WRITING CONCEPTUAL knowledge TEXT WRITER READER
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火车站建筑设计中的地域性因素考量——以桑植站建筑方案设计为例 预览 被引量:2
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作者 吴宇强 《华中建筑》 2017年第6期44-50,共7页
该文通过桑植火车站的建筑方案设计,完成了对地域文化建筑原型的探索。同时,密切结合建筑地域性特征的表达,现代建筑材料与技术,交通建筑类型特征等多元性因素,在反映地域文化建筑原型的同时,表达了整体建筑意境及装饰色彩等风格特征。
关键词 火车站 建筑设计 地域性 桑植站 方案
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