期刊文献+
共找到2篇文章
< 1 >
每页显示 20 50 100
Primary Bladder Adenocarcinoma: A Five-Year Retrospective Clinicopathologic Study of 42 Cases in Egyptian NCI (2010-14) 预览
1
作者 Yahia Ismail Amr Kamal +2 位作者 Osama Yousof Neveen Tahoun Rasha Allam 《癌症治疗(英文)》 2019年第1期97-116,共20页
Aim: Globally, primary adenocarcinoma (AC) accounts for only 0.5% - 2% of bladder cancer (BC). Bilharziasis predisposes to AC in ~10% of BC in endemic regions. The aim was to study the clinicopathologic characteristic... Aim: Globally, primary adenocarcinoma (AC) accounts for only 0.5% - 2% of bladder cancer (BC). Bilharziasis predisposes to AC in ~10% of BC in endemic regions. The aim was to study the clinicopathologic characteristics of this rare entity and define prognostic elements influencing disease-free (DFS) & overall survival (OS). Patients & Methods: A retrospective analysis of 42 cases of primary bladder AC presented to the National Cancer Institute of Egypt (NCI-E) during a five-year period (2010-2014), clinicopathologic profiles, management and survival were assessed. Results: The mean age was 55.5 years ± 9.77 with male predominance. Hematuria, bilharziasis & urachal type experienced in 88%, 35.7% & 4.8%, respectively. Radical surgery was employed in 64.3%. Metastatic disease (stageIVB) found in 14.3%, initially. Eleven patients (26.2%) received palliative chemotherapy for their advanced or metastatic disease, objective response rates (ORR) were 0% & 100% for those received gemcitabine/platinum & capecitabine/oxaliplatin, respectively. The 5-year DFS & OS rates were 40.7% & 27%, respectively. DFS was significantly enhanced in patients having GII, negative nodes (pN0) and absence of hydronephrosis (p = 0.001, 0.011 & 0.047, respectively). Presentation with hematuria, pN0 & stage II was linked significantly with longer OS (p = 0.007, 0.037 & < 0.001, respectively). Tumour grade & clinical stage were independent prognostic factors affecting DFS & OS, respectively on multivariate analysis. Conclusions: Notable reduction in incidence of bladder AC in Egypt is mostly due to decline in bilharzial infection. Tumor grade & clinical stage are independent prognostic factors for DFS & OS, respectively. Still no agreement about the role of adjuvant radiotherapy or chemotherapy, however, protocols employed for colorectal cancer seem to be profitable in advanced and metastatic cases. Further larger scale studies are needed to define the hazard factors, molecular characterises and optimal management of this rare type of BC. 展开更多
关键词 Bladder Cancer PRIMARY Adenocarcinoma BILHARZIASIS NCI Egypt
在线阅读 免费下载
Treatment Outcome of Pharmacokinetics-Based Dosing of Docetaxel and Fluorouracil in Advanced Head and Neck Cancer Patients 预览
2
作者 Abdelhamid M. Fouad Magdy M. Saber +4 位作者 Yahia M. Ismail Yasser A. Sallam Tarek M. Shouman Reham A. A. Elshimy Ahmed Abo Gabal 《癌症治疗(英文)》 2018年第12期998-1010,共13页
Introduction: Docetaxel, Cisplatin and 5-Fluorouracil (DPF) became the standard induction chemotherapy in advanced Head and Neck Cancer (HNC) but associated with high toxicity rate. Several studies reported higher res... Introduction: Docetaxel, Cisplatin and 5-Fluorouracil (DPF) became the standard induction chemotherapy in advanced Head and Neck Cancer (HNC) but associated with high toxicity rate. Several studies reported higher response rates with better tolerability when chemotherapy dose is calculated based on Pharmacokinetics (PK) versus conventional Body Surface Area (BSA). Patients and Methods: Thirty nine patients with stage III and IV HNC who received induction DPF were included in the study. Dose of cycle 1 was BSA-based then Docetaxel and 5-FU doses were PK-adjusted starting from cycle 2 whereas Cisplatin dose was BSA-based throughout the study. Results: After median follow up period of 14 months the median overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) were 15.1 and 10.6 months respectively. Twenty nine patients were available for response assessment. Seven patients (24.1%) achieved complete response while partial response encountered in 19 patients (65.5%) with and Overall response rate of 89.6%. Both treatment related side effects and mortality significantly decreased after the application of PK dose adjustments (p-value 0.007 and 0.01 respectively). Conclusion: PK-guided dose adjustments of 5-FU and Docetaxel in DPF regimen can significantly decrease the treatment related side effects and mortality without compromising the tumor response rate. A randomized clinical trial is needed to compare the PK-guided dose adjustment with the standard BSA based protocol. 展开更多
关键词 Head and NECK Cancer DPF DOCETAXEL Fluorouracil PHARMACOKINETICS Dose Adjustment
在线阅读 免费下载
上一页 1 下一页 到第
使用帮助 返回顶部 意见反馈