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Comparative Perception of Pharmacovigilance by Physicians versus Paramedical Professions in Ivory Coast 认领
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作者 Balayssac Eric Adon Auguste +1 位作者 Tuo Mamadou Ehouman Mocket 《药理与制药(英文)》 2019年第10期416-426,共11页
Objective: To assess the perception of pharmacovigilance by healthcare professionals practicing at the University Teaching Hospital of Cocody (Ivory Coast) in 2017. Methodology: A descriptive and analytic cross-sectio... Objective: To assess the perception of pharmacovigilance by healthcare professionals practicing at the University Teaching Hospital of Cocody (Ivory Coast) in 2017. Methodology: A descriptive and analytic cross-sectional survey has been conducted in 2017 at the University Teaching Hospital of Cocody. This survey involved a sample of healthcare professionals practicing in 17 services who are prescribing medications and gave their oral consent. Results: A response rate of 54.08% (106/196) among physicians versus 43.87% (86/196) for the nurses and 27.61% (21/76) for the mid-wives. 57.94% (62/107) of paramedics versus 94.33% (100/106) of physicians had already heard about pharmacovigilance, during their basic training (40.18% of paramedics versus 73.58% of doctors). However, the main obstacles to the practice of pharmacovigilance were it teaching hours considered insufficient (94.39% of paramedics versus 75.47% of physicians), the lack of knowledge on the location of the pharmacovigilance unit (80.37% of paramedics versus, 40% of physicians) and the reporting of the adverse drug reactions to a hierarchical supervisor (60.60% of paramedics versus 37.25% of physicians). A regular visit of pharmacovigilance monitors in the hospital services (34.57% of paramedics versus 29.24% of physicians) and the availability of reporting forms (30.84% of paramedics versus 27.35% of physicians) could improve the perception of pharmacovigilance by the healthcare professionals. Conclusion: Our investigational survey has highlighted some factors that may influence the perception of pharmacovigilance by the healthcare professionals in Ivory Coast. 展开更多
关键词 PERCEPTION PHARMACOVIGILANCE Healthcare PROFESSIONALS HOSPITAL
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Growth Profile of 100 Breastfeeding Children with Early Introduction of Infant Formulas in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire 认领
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作者 Richard Azagoh-Kouadio Kouadio Vincent Asse +5 位作者 Jean-Jacques Yao Atteby Lassina Cisse Jacob Slanziahuelie Enoh Ehouman Mocket Adolphe Stéphane Koffi-Djadan Soumahoro Oulai 《儿科学期刊(英文)》 2017年第4期236-244,共9页
Objective: To describe the growth profile of breastfeeding babies following early introduction of infant formulas to improve the feeding pattern of the young infant. Methodology: This is a longitudinal descriptive stu... Objective: To describe the growth profile of breastfeeding babies following early introduction of infant formulas to improve the feeding pattern of the young infant. Methodology: This is a longitudinal descriptive study conducted in 2 medical clinics in Abidjan from 11-Jun-2013 to 15-Dec-2016 on 100 healthy newborn babies with the introduction of infant formulas before 6 months of life. The anthropometrics parameters were compared to those of WHO. Results: The exclusive breastfeeding rate was 5%. Ablactation occurred within 12 months in 95% of cases. All Infants have doubled and tripled their birth weight at 3 and 9 months respectively. The height and the head circumference at birth increased by 50% and 37% respectively at 12 months. Compared to WHO growth charts, the weight gain for the girls at 3 months was 12.4% higher and for the boys was 7.3% higher at 6 months. On the other hands, the statural gain at 12 months was 50% lower than the WHO standards while the head circumference was 37.8% and 45.5% higher than the WHO standards in boys and girls respectively. At 3 months, the prevalence of stunting was 26.1% for boys and 13.3% for girls. Lastly, at 12 months, the BMI showed 10% overweight and 19% obesity. Conclusion: Breastfeeding associated with an early introduction of infant formulas increases the risk of malnutrition of the young infant. We advise to avoid it and recommend an exclusive breastfeeding. 展开更多
关键词 INFANT EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING INFANT FORMULAS GROWTH WHO Standards Cote d’Ivoire
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