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绿洲农区不结球白菜组合农艺性状与产量表现 预览

Non-heading Chinese Cabbage in Oasis Agricultural Area: Agronomic Traits and Yield Performance
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摘要 为选育出适合绿洲农区种植的不结球白菜新品种,对参试组合的各农艺性状进行变异性分析、方差分析、相关性分析和外观性状比较。结果表明,在变异性分析中,单产变异幅度最大,其次是小区产量;通过对参试组合单产方差分析及PLSD多重比较,单产均呈极显著性,单产排在前三的组合是K-14(34666.85 kg/hm~2)、K-5(34400.18 kg/hm~2)、K-12(32000.16 kg/hm~2)。相关分析表明,单株产量与单产呈极显著相关(r=1**)。外观性状比较结果表明,K-14直立紧凑叶色绿色,叶柄色为淡绿且鼓有挺性,K-5的株型直立,叶色为深绿,叶柄颜色为绿色且鼓,K-12虽然是不紧凑型的,叶色为绿色、叶柄为淡绿色,且鼓有挺性;综合参试组合的各性状,结论是K-14、K-5和K-12比较适合新疆绿洲农区种植。 To breed new varieties of non-heading Chinese cabbage suitable for planting in oasis agricultural areas,we compared the agronomic traits of the test combinations by the variability analysis,variance analysis,correlation analysis and appearance traits comparison.The results showed that:in the variability analysis,the unit yield variation was the largest,followed by that of the plot yield;through the combined analysis of the variance of unit yield and PLSD multiple comparison,the unit yield was extremely significant;the combination with top three unit yield was:K-14(34666.85 kg/hm~2),K-5(34400.18 kg/hm~2)and K-12(32000.16 kg/hm~2);the correlation analysis showed that:the yield per plant was significantly correlated with the unit yield(r=1**);the comparison of appearance traits showed that:K-14 was upright,compact with green leaf,the petiole color was light green and was stiff;the plant type of K-5 was upright,the leaf color was dark green,the petiole color was green;although K-12 was not compact,the leaf color was green,the petiole was light green and quite stiff.In conclusion,K-14,K-5 and K-12 are suitable for planting in Xinjiang oasis agricultural area.
作者 贾晓军 兰创业 陈芳 吴杨焕 Jia Xiaojun;Lan Chuangye;Chen Fang;Wu Yanghuan(Agricultural Science Research Institute of the Six Divisions of Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps,Wujiaqu Xinjiang 831300;Vegetable Research Institute,Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Taiyuan 030021)
出处 《中国农学通报》 2019年第13期58-63,共6页 Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin
基金 新疆兵团科技局资助项目“设施蔬菜高效栽培关键技术的集成与示范”(2015CA008) 新疆兵团第六师科技局资助项目“蔬菜新品种引育与示范推广”(1604) 山西科技厅资助项目“有色蔬菜种质资源创新、开发技术及新品种示范推广”(201604D132046).
关键词 不结球白菜 农艺性状 产量表现 non-heading Chinese cabbage agronomic traits yield performance
作者简介 第一作者:贾晓军,女,1963年出生,四川邻水人,高级农艺师,本科,主要从事农作物新品种引进筛选与推广等工作。通信地址:831301新疆五家渠第六师农业科学研究所,Tel:0994-5677510,E-mail:1484659238@qq.com。
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