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2017年昌邑区呼吸道传染病调查分析

Investigation and Analysis of Respiratory Infectious Diseases in Changyi District in 2017
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摘要 目的分析2017年昌邑区呼吸道传染病发病情况及流行趋势。方法应用描述流行病学方法和卫生统计学方法对来源于昌邑区14家疾病监测信息报告管理系统的病例数据进行统计,分析该地区呼吸道传染病的主要病种及发病情况。结果 2017年吉林市昌邑区报告乙类呼吸道传染病3种,即肺结核、猩红热、麻疹,报告发病数为562例,报告发病率为85.19/10万,与去年相比上升28.90%。报告死亡病例1例。其中肺结核报告发病数406例,报告发病率为61.54/10万,与去年相比上升14.37%。报告死亡病例1例,报告死亡率为0.15/10万;猩红热报告发病数154例,报告发病率为23.34/10万,与去年比上升97.44%。麻疹报告发病数2例,报告发病率为0.30/10万,与去年比下降33.33%。不同地区、不同时间、不同人群的发病数存在一定的差异。结论肺结核、猩红热为影响2017年昌邑区呼吸道传染病疫情的主要病种,今后应加大防治力度,同时要对重点地区、重点人群加强管理,进行针对性的防治,以确保我区传染病疫情稳中有降。 Objective To analyze the incidence and epidemic trend of respiratory infectious diseases in Changyi District in 2017.Methods Descriptive epidemiology and health statistics were used to analyze the main diseases and incidence of respiratory infectious diseases in Changyi District based on the data of 14 diseases surveillance information reporting and management systems.Results In 2017,three types of respiratory infectious diseases were reported in Changyi District of Jilin City,namely pulmonary tuberculosis,scarlet fever and measles,the reported incidence was 562 cases,the reported incidence rate was 85.19/100,000,up 28.90%compared with last year.One case of death was reported.Among them,406 cases of tuberculosis were reported,with a reported incidence of 61.54/100,000,up 14.37%compared with last year.One death case was reported,with a reported mortality rate of 0.15/100,000,and scarlet fever was reported in 154 cases,with a reported incidence of 23.34/100,000,up 97.44%from last year.Two cases of measles were reported,the reported incidence was 0.30/100,000,which was 33.33%lower than that of last year.There are some differences in the number of cases among different areas,different times and different populations.Conclusion Tuberculosis and scarlet fever are the main diseases affecting the epidemic situation of respiratory infectious diseases in Changyi District in 2017,we should strengthen the prevention and control efforts in the future,at the same time,we should strengthen the management of key areas and key populations,and carry out targeted prevention and control to ensure that the epidemic situation of infectious diseases in Changyi District declines steadily.
作者 姜莹 JIANG Ying(Community Health Service Center of Wenmiao Street,Changyi District,Jilin City,Jilin,Jilin 132000)
出处 《智慧健康》 2019年第22期35-36,45共3页 Smart Healthcare
关键词 呼吸道传染病 肺结核 猩红热 麻疹 发病率 Respiratory infectious diseases Tuberculosis Scarlet fever Measles Incidence
作者简介 姜莹(1976-),女,主治医师,大学本科(学士),研究方向:公共卫生。
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