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海事海商案件涉拒不执行判决、裁定罪的诉讼管辖问题研究 预览

Study on the jurisdiction of the crime of refusing to execute judgments or orders of the people’s court occurred in maritime cases
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摘要 拒不执行判决、裁定罪并非属于作为专门法院的海事法院的管辖范围,但拒不执行判决、裁定的行为却有可能发生在海事法院主管的海事海商(执行)案件中。由于海事法院地位的特殊性、海事海商案件审判的专业性等因由,如何确立海事海商(执行)案件中涉拒不执行判决、裁定罪的诉讼管辖成为一个现实和紧迫的问题。全面考察有关拒不执行判决、裁定罪诉讼管辖规定的立法变迁,认真审视各方面观点的优劣,在坚持合法性、合理性的基础上,紧密结合海事海商案件审判实践的专业性、特殊性,把握涉拒不执行判决、裁定罪案件公诉与自诉并行的现实情境,并经海事法院司法管辖改革发展的合理预期验证,确立法定原则为主、便利原则为辅的海事海商案件涉拒不执行判决、裁定罪的诉讼管辖模式,是较优的选择和应当坚持的发展方向。 The crime of refusing to execute judgments or orders of the people’s court does not fall within the jurisdiction of the maritime court as a special court,but the act of refusing to execute judgments or orders may occur in maritime( execution) cases under the jurisdiction of the maritime court. Due to the particularity of the maritime court and the professionalism of maritime cases,how to establish the jurisdiction over the crime of refusing to execute judgments or orders in maritime cases has become a realistic and urgent problem. By comprehensively reviewing the legislative changes concerning the refusal to enforce judgments or orders,carefully examining the advantages and disadvantages of various viewpoints,closely combining the professionalism and particularity of maritime trial practice on the basis of legality and rationality,grasping the realistic situation of parallel public and private prosecution in cases involving refusal to execute judgments or orders,verified by reasonable anticipation of the maritime court’s judicial reform and development,it can be found that establishment of jurisdiction of the crime of refusing to enforce judgments and orders of the people’s court in maritime cases should be primarily based on the principle of legality and supplemented by the principle of convenience,which the author believe is a better choice and development direction that should be adhered to.
作者 闻志强 李啸飞 WEN Zhi-qiang;LI Xiao-fei(Law School,Guangzhou University,Guangzhou 510006,China;Shanghai Maritime Court,Shanghai 200042,China)
出处 《中国海商法研究》 2019年第1期58-66,共9页 Annual of China Maritime Law
基金 广州大学引进人才科研启动项目(69-18ZX10178).
关键词 拒不执行判决、裁定罪 诉讼管辖 法定原则 便利原则 the crime of refusing to execute judgments or orders of the people’s court procedural jurisdiction principle of legality principle of convenience
作者简介 闻志强(1989-),男,河南光山人,法学博士,广州大学法学院讲师,广州市法学会刑法学研究会常务理事,E-mail:wenzhiqiang128@sina.com;李啸飞(1991-),男,安徽郎溪人,上海海事法院法官助理,E-mail:283544419@qq.com。
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