期刊文献+

动物面孔的识别优势:一项基于快速扫视任务的研究 预览

The Recognition Advantage of Animal Faces:A Study Based on Fast Saccade Task
在线阅读 下载PDF
收藏 分享 导出
摘要 为了检验视觉注意分配的类别性偏好,采用快速扫视任务,以首次扫视的正确率和反应时作为指标,探寻动物是否有和面孔类似的注意捕获优势;如果有,则该优势发生在基本类别层次还是上位类别层次。结果发现:(1)相对于非动物而言,动物更容易捕获观察者注意;(2)当动物(狗)作为目标刺激,匹配同领域基本层次的动物(猫)作为分心刺激时,注意捕获优势消失;(3)动物的注意优势是领域间效应。 To determine the category-specific preference of visual attention allocation,we used fast saccade task,with the accuracy and reaction time of first saccade as indexes of performance examining whether animal faces had attention capture advantage as human faces did.And we wondered whether this category-specific preference happened on basic level or superordinate level.Results suggested that 1)like human faces,animals also showed advantage in attentional capture compared with non-animals;2)When the target and distractor were both from basic level of animate domain(dog/cat),the attentional capture disappeared;3)Attentional advantage to animals was a between-domain effect.
作者 黎兵 韩瑞卿 王武 鲁学明 Li Bing;Han Ruiqing;Wang Wu;Lu Xueming(Department of Psychology,School of Philosophy and Sociology,Jilin University,Changchun 130012;Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology,Okayama University,Okayama 700-8530;School of Psychology,Northeast Normal University,Changchun 130024)
出处 《心理学探新》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第1期21-26,共6页 Exploration of Psychology
关键词 快速扫视任务 动物觉察 注意捕获 领域间效应 fast saccade task animal detection attention capture between-domain effect
  • 相关文献

参考文献2

二级参考文献70

  • 1熊哲宏.论“心理模块性”研究的理论心理学意义[J].心理学探新,2002,22(1):16-20. 被引量:16
  • 2Aguirre, G. K., Detre, J. A., Alsop, D. C., & D'Esposito, M. (1996). The parahippocampus subserves topographical learning in man. Cerebral Cortex, 6, 823-829. 被引量:1
  • 3Allison, T. Puce, A., & McCarthy, G. (2000). Social perception from visual cues: Role of the STS region. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 4, 267-278. 被引量:1
  • 4Chao, L. L., Haxby, J, V., & Martin, A. (1999). Attribute-based neural substrates in temporal cortex for perceiving & knowing about objects. Nature Neuroscience 2. 913-919. 被引量:1
  • 5Chan, A. W., Kravitz, D. J., Truong, S., Arizpe, J., & Baker, C. I. (2006). Cortical representations of bodies & faces are strongest in commonly experienced configurations. Nature Neuroscience, 13, 417-418. 被引量:1
  • 6Downing, P. E., Jiang, Y., Shuman, M., & Kanwisher, N. (2001). A cortical area selective for visual processing of the human body. Science, 293, 2470-2473. 被引量:1
  • 7Downing, P. E., Chan, A. W-Y., Peelen, M. V., Dodds, C. M., & Kanwisher, N. (2006). Domain specificity in visual cortex. Cerebral Cortex, 16, 1453-1461. 被引量:1
  • 8Duchaine, B. C., Dingle, K., Butterworth, E., & Nakayama, K. (2004). Normal greeble learning in a severe case of developmental prosopagnosia. Neuron, 43, 469-473. 被引量:1
  • 9Edelman, S., Grill-Spector, K., Kushnir, T., & Malach, R. (1998). Towards direct visualization of the internal shape space by fMRI. Psychobiology (special issue on Cognitive Neuroscience of Object Representation & Recognition), 26. 309-321. 被引量:1
  • 10Eger, E., Ashburner, J., Haynes, J. D., Dolan, R. J., & Rees, G. (2008). fMRI activity patterns in human LOC carry information about object exemplars within category. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20, 356-370. 被引量:1

共引文献13

投稿分析
职称考试

相关作者

内容加载中请稍等...

相关机构

内容加载中请稍等...

相关主题

内容加载中请稍等...

浏览历史

内容加载中请稍等...
;
使用帮助 返回顶部 意见反馈