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人民检察制度创设初期“一般监督”职权考察(1949—1954)

Inspection of the “General Supervision” at the beginning of the People’s Procuratorate(1949—1954)
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摘要 '一般监督'是从苏联翻译过来的一个法律名词,系检察机关的一项职权,即'对政府机关、公务人员和全国国民之严格遵守法律,负最高的检察责任'的概述。自1949年新中国检察机关建立至1954年《人民检察院组织法》颁布前,《中央人民政府最高人民检察署试行组织条例》和《中央人民政府最高人民检察署暂行组织条例》等检察专门法律规范赋予检察机关一般监督职权。人民检察院创设初期'一般监督'工作的检察职能立法、制度移植借鉴、具体司法实践体现了检察机关围绕党和国家中心工作,积极发挥法律监督作用、维护法制统一和尊严的努力,是新时代完善检察制度及理论体系的重要历史经验。 The so-called 'general supervision' is a legal term translated from the former Soviet Union.It is a power of the procuratorate,that is,an overview of the highest procuratorial responsibility for government agencies,public servants and nationals.Since the establishment of the New China Procuratorate in 1949 and the promulgation of the Organic Law of the People’s Procuratorate in 1954,China has successively promulgated the 'Regulations on the Trial Implementation of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate of the Central People’s Government' and the 'Provisional Organization Regulations of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate of the Central People’s Government'.The legal norms give the procuratorial organs general supervision and authority.This paper discusses the procuratorial function legislation,the system transplant reference,and the specific judicial practice of the 'general supervision' work in the early days of the founding of the People’s Republic of China.It shows the efforts of the procuratorial organs at all levels to work around the party and the national center,actively play the role of legal supervision,and maintain the unity and dignity of the legal system.With hard work,he hopes to provide a historical mirror for the construction of the socialist procuratorial system and theoretical system with Chinese characteristics.
作者 段瑞群 Duan Ruiqun(不详)
机构地区 华东政法大学
出处 《现代法治研究》 2018年第4期1-13,共13页 Journal of Modern Rule of Law
基金 中国法学会2017年度部级法学研究课题“1954年检察院组织法‘一般监督权’研究”(课题编号CLS[2017]C06)阶段性研究成果.
关键词 人民检察院 一般监督 法律监督 检察制度史 people’s procuratorate general supervision legal supervision history of procuratorial systems
作者简介 段瑞群,华东政法大学博士后研究人员,法学博士。
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