As a Chinese traditional leadership concept, paternalistic leadership has been found to bring benefits to organizations and its members. However, we still know little about the antecedents of paternalistic leadership. With the development of implicit followership theory, scholars gradually realized that leaders’ implicit theories, especially the respective views of followers, have an effect on leadership behavior. Following this logic, this study investigates whether the followership prototypes of leader and follower can jointly influence paternalistic leadership(benevolent leadership and authoritarian leadership). By conducting an empirical research among 245 Chinese leader-follower dyads, the results analyzed by polynomial regression showed:①the higher congruence between a leader’s and follower’s positive followership prototypes, the higher the benevolent leadership. Benevolent leadership is higher when a follower is in congruence with a leader at a high level of positive followership prototypes rather than when a follower is in congruence with a leader at a low level of followership positive prototypes. ②The higher congruence between a leader’s and follower’s negative followership prototypes, the lower the authoritarian leadership. Authoritarian leadership is higher when a follower is in congruence with a leader at a high level of negative followership prototypes rather than when a follower is in congruence with a leader at a low level of negative followership prototypes.
Human Resource Management Review
Implicit Followership Theories