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何时“施恩”,何时“树威”?内隐追随理论视角下家长式领导行为的诱发机制

When Does Benevolent and Authoritarian Leadership Behaviors Occur:An Implicit Followership Theory Perspective to Understand the Antecedents of Paternalistic Leadership
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摘要 家长式领导作为本土领导理论的经典代表,被大量研究证实能够给组织和员工带来诸多影响。然而,关于家长式领导的形成机理至今仍是一个黑箱。随着内隐追随理论的提出,学者们逐渐认识到,领导行为在一定程度上取决于领导者的内隐认知,尤其是领导者对追随者持有的固有看法。鉴于此,本文以内隐追随理论为视角,探讨了领导一追随双方的内隐追随(包括积极追随原型和消极追随原型)一致性能否预测家长式领导(仁慈领导和权威领导)的形成。基于245份上下级配对数据,采用多项式回归和响应面分析发现:①领导一追随双方的积极追随原型越一致,领导越多地表现出仁慈行为;在一致性情形下,双方的积极追随原型越高,仁慈领导行为越频繁。②领导一追随双方的消极追随原型越一致,领导越少地表现出权威行为;在一致性情形下,双方的消极追随原型越高,权威领导行为越频繁。 As a Chinese traditional leadership concept, paternalistic leadership has been found to bring benefits to organizations and its members. However, we still know little about the antecedents of paternalistic leadership. With the development of implicit followership theory, scholars gradually realized that leaders’ implicit theories, especially the respective views of followers, have an effect on leadership behavior. Following this logic, this study investigates whether the followership prototypes of leader and follower can jointly influence paternalistic leadership(benevolent leadership and authoritarian leadership). By conducting an empirical research among 245 Chinese leader-follower dyads, the results analyzed by polynomial regression showed:①the higher congruence between a leader’s and follower’s positive followership prototypes, the higher the benevolent leadership. Benevolent leadership is higher when a follower is in congruence with a leader at a high level of positive followership prototypes rather than when a follower is in congruence with a leader at a low level of followership positive prototypes. ②The higher congruence between a leader’s and follower’s negative followership prototypes, the lower the authoritarian leadership. Authoritarian leadership is higher when a follower is in congruence with a leader at a high level of negative followership prototypes rather than when a follower is in congruence with a leader at a low level of negative followership prototypes.
作者 王震 彭坚 WANG Zhen;PENG Jian(不详)
出处 《人力资源管理评论》 2016年第1期35-47,共13页 Human Resource Management Review
基金 国家自然科学基金项目(71302129).
关键词 内隐追随理论 追随原型 仁慈领导 权威领导 多项式回归 Implicit Followership Theories Followership Prototypes Benevolent Leadership Authoritarian Leadership Polynomial Regression
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