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中医院校护理硕士专业学位研究生临床带教师资现状与角色期望比较研究 被引量:1

Status quo and role expectations of clinical teachers for master of nursing specialist in traditional Chinese medicine universities
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摘要 目的了解中医院校护理硕士专业学位研究生(简称护理专硕)临床带教师资现状,并与学生的角色期望需求进行比较,旨在为后续建设、完善临床带教师资队伍提供参考依据。方法采用便利抽样法,于2018年10—12月选取江苏省、浙江省、河南省、天津市共4所中医院校护理硕士专业学位研究生172名及其实习医院的86名临床带教老师为研究对象,采用课题组自制调查问卷进行调查。比较带教师资、老师能力现况与学生期望的差异。共发放问卷258份,其中临床带教老师86份,护理专硕172份,回收有效问卷258份,有效率为100%。采用SPSS 22.0软件对数据进行统计分析。结果临床带教师资与学生期望存在一定差距,尤其是在带教老师毕业院校、学历等方面差异较大,34.88%(30/86)的带教老师毕业于中医院校,71.51%(123/172)的学生期望由中医院校毕业的老师承担临床带教工作;带教老师中,本科学历占60.47%(52/86),硕士及以上的学历较少。带教老师各项能力与学生期望存在一定差异,除临床护理能力中的专业态度、临床管理能力中的决策能力、人际交往能力中的沟通能力、协作能力比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)外,其余17项二级指标比较差异有统计学意义(χ^2值12.027~130.149,P<0.05)。学生对中医护理学习现况与学习需求之间差异有统计学意义(χ^2值14.722~165.339,P<0.01),中医护理技能、中医护理科研的实践应用是大多数学生希望学习的内容,分别占83.72%(144/172)、70.35%(151/172)。结论中医院校护理专硕的临床带教师资现状与学生期望存在差异,应从研究生培养目标出发,充分考虑研究生自身期望与需求,并基于我国护理人才队伍现状,积极探索中医院校护理专硕临床带教师资准入制度,完善师资队伍培训体系,规范教学评价机制。 Objective To explore the current status of clinical teaching staff for the graduate program of master of nursing specialist(abbreviated to nursing masters)in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)universities and compare it with the role expectations of students,aiming to provide a reference for the subsequent construction and improvement of clinical teaching staff.Methods Totally 172 nursing masters from Jiangsu,Zhejiang,Henan provinces and Tianjin and 86 clinical teaching staff from the hospitals where they practiced were selected using convenient samping and investigated with the self-made questionnaire from October to December 2018.The differences between clinical teaching staff's resources,abilities and students'expectations were compared.A total of 258 questionnaires were distributed among 86 clinical teachers and 172 nursing masters,and 258 valid questionnaires were recovered,with an effective rate of 100%.SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis of data.Results There was a certain gap between the clinical teaching staff and students'expectations,especially in terms of the graduate school and academic qualifications of the clinical teachers.Totally 34.88%(30/86)of the clinical teachers graduated from TCM universities,while 71.51%(123/172)of the students expected to be taught by teachers graduating from TCM universities.Among the clinical teachers,60.47%(52/86)were undergraduates,and fewer were masters or graduates with higher education.There was a certain difference between the teaching teachers'abilities and students'expectations.There were statistically significant differences in 17 secondary indicators(χ^2 were 12.027-130.149,P<0.05),except for the professional attitude in clinical nursing abilities,decision-making abilities in clinical management abilities,communication abilities in interpersonal abilities,and collaboration abilities(P>0.05).There were statistically significant differences between students'current status and their learning needs for TCM nursing(χ^2 were 14.722-165.339,P<0.01).
作者 李冰雪 徐桂华 柏亚妹 汤聪 张雪芳 Li Bingxue;Xu Guihua;Bai Yamei;Tang Cong;Zhang Xuefang(School of Nursing,Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine,Nanjing 210023,China;Quality Management Office,Nanjing Hospital of Chinese Medicine Affiliated to Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine,Nanjing 210001,China)
出处 《中华现代护理杂志》 2020年第6期721-727,共7页 Chinese Journal of Modern Nursing
基金 江苏省研究生教育教学改革课题(JGLX18_1I7) 南京市中医院科研基金资助项目(YJGG201901)。
关键词 护理教育 中医护理学 专业学位 护理研究生教育 期望需求 Nursing education Traditional Chinese medicine nursing Professional degree Nursing graduate education Expectations and needs
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