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新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情期儿童的口腔管理

Oral Health Management of Children during the Epidemic Period of Coronavirus Disease 2019
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摘要 新型冠状病毒肺炎已成为波及全国乃至全球的重大公共卫生事件。做好新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情期间儿童的口腔健康管理与疾病防治,对儿童的口腔与全身健康至关重要。为了防止交叉感染、阻断病原经口腔的传播途径,家长应居家培养孩子保持手卫生,适当运动,增强身体抵抗力,引导、监督或帮助儿童养成有效刷牙、使用牙线等良好的口腔卫生习惯和饮食习惯,避免出现口腔疾病及急危重症情况。出现口腔非急症家长可协助儿童采取含漱等一些措施缓解症状,待疫情过后择期治疗;出现急性牙髓根尖周炎、牙外伤、口腔颌面部感染等口腔急症,家长和患儿应做好个人防护后及时到口腔诊疗机构就诊。在疫情期间儿童口腔急症的处理应按照目前国内外口腔感染预防和控制相关指南和文献,做好新型冠状病毒肺炎的防控。 Coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) is becoming a major public health event affecting China and even the whole world. During the epidemic period of corona virus disease, appropriate oral health management and disease prevention of children is very important for children’s oral and general health. In order to prevent the occurrence of cross-infection and epidemic spreading of COVID-19 during dental practice, the recommendations to parents include:not only training children to maintain hand hygiene at home, exercise appropriately, strengthen physical resistance, but also helping children develop good oral and diet habit such as effective brushing and flossing to avoid oral diseases and emergency. If non-emergency oral situation occur, parents could assist their child to take home based care such as rinsing to relieve the symptoms. When oral emergencies such as acute pulpitis, periapical periodontitis, dental trauma, oral and maxillofacial infections happen, parents and children should visit dental clinic in time with correct personal protection.During the epidemic period, children’s oral emergencies should be treated in accordance with current guidelines and control of COVID-19.
作者 王艳 周陈晨 舒睿 邹静 WANG Yan;ZHOU Chen-chen;SHU Rui;ZOU Jing(State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases&National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases,Department of Pediatric Dentistry,West China Hospital of Stomatology,Sichuan University,Chengdu 610041,China)
出处 《四川大学学报:医学版》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2020年第2期151-154,共4页 Journal of Sichuan University(Medical Science Edition)
基金 四川省卫生计生委适宜技术推广项目(No.18SYJS05XH) 四川省科技厅国际科技创新合作/港澳台科技创新合作项目(No.2019YFH0025)资助。
关键词 新型冠状病毒肺炎 口腔管理 儿童 口腔急症 Coronavirus disease 2019 Oral health management Children Oral emergency
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