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社会资本动员中的关系资源如何影响农民工就业质量?

How Does the Relationship Resource in Social Capital Mobilization Affect the Employment Quality of Migrant Workers?
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摘要 基于中国劳动力动态调查数据,本文借助probit回归、三阶段最小二乘法、匹配估计等计量手段,侧重分析社会资本动员中的人情和信息两类关系资源对农民工就业质量的影响。研究发现,在控制了潜在内生性后,社会资本对农民工就业质量具有显著的促进效应。从关系资源的作用机理来看,社会资本提高了农民工动员人情资源和信息资源的可能性,且动员人情资源的概率大于信息资源;社会资本通过动员人情资源有助于提升农民工的就业质量,而通过动员信息资源对农民工就业质量的直接影响并不明显。从关系资源进一步的作用路径来看,信息资源虽未表现出直接的就业质量促进效应,但其可通过传递高质量的岗位信息帮助农民工实现人职匹配,间接提升这一群体的就业质量;人情资源的作用突出表现为其可能直接帮助农民工获得多样化的高回报机会,促进这一群体就业质量的提升。 Based on the data of China's labor force dynamic survey,this paper focuses on the impact of favoritism resources and information resources on the employment quality of migrant workers in social capital mobilization with methods such as probit,three-stage least squares and matching.Research results indicate that social capital,after controlling for potential endogeneity,has a significant effect on the employment quality of migrant workers.From the perspective of the mechanism of relationship resources,social capital raises the possibility of migrant workers mobilizing favoritism resources and information resources,and the probability of mobilizing favoritism resources is higher than that of information resources;social capital helps to improve the employment quality of migrant workers by mobilizing favoritism resources,however,the direct impact of mobilizing information resources on the employment quality is not significant.From the perspective of the further role of relationship resources,although information resources do not exhibit a direct employment quality promotion effect,they can help migrant workers achieve job matching by transmitting high-quality job information,thus indirectly improve the employment quality of this group.The role of favoritism resources is highlighted by the fact that it may directly help migrant workers to obtain diversified high-return opportunities and promote the employment quality of this group.
作者 邓睿 DENG Rui(Southwest University of Political Science and Law,Chongqing,China)
出处 《经济学动态》 CSSCI 北大核心 2020年第1期52-68,共17页 Economic Perspectives
基金 教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目“资本类型、资本转换与农民工就业质量提升研究:基于就业序列环节视角”(19XJC790003) 重庆市社会科学规划青年项目“可持续生计框架下重庆返乡农民工生计决策驱动机制及分类优化研究”(2019QNJJ11) 第65批中国博士后科学基金面上资助项目(2019M653331)资助。
关键词 社会资本 人情资源 信息资源 就业质量 Social Capital Favoritism Resources Information Resources Employment Quality
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