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城市群环境合作效果的影响因素研究——基于13个案例的模糊集定性比较分析 预览

Research on the influencing factors of environmental cooperation effectiveness in urbanagglomerations:based on 13 cases through fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis
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摘要 由于环境污染具有跨区域传播的性质,国家通过《新型城镇化规划(2014)》提出以城市群为地理空间尺度在区域层面解决环境污染问题。在此背景下,科学评价城市群环境合作效果,并考察合作效果的影响因素,具有必要性和现实意义。本文基于组织间活动强度衡量城市群内府际环境合作效果,并结合协作治理理论提炼五项环境合作的影响因素,通过模糊集定性比较分析方法对13个案例进行分析,以探求影响环境合作效果的必要条件及组合情况。研究发现,城市群内府际横向协调和地方政府领导力是构成高强度环境合作行为的必要条件,而纵向干预、环境治理能力差异和环境状况差异可视为充分条件。两种因素组合情况可以带来较好的环境合作效果:一是具备横向协调、领导力和水平相当的环境治理能力;二是具备横向协调、领导力,然而环境状况差异较大且不存在纵向干预。四种因素组合情况可以导致薄弱的环境合作。与以往区域环境治理研究结论不同的是,本研究发现中央政府部门的纵向干预对促进城市间持续的环境合作作用有限,反而是城市间自觉的组织协调和领导人沟通构成了环境合作的必要条件。这意味着,想要达到较好的环境合作效果,国家纵向干预措施的使用应视城市群具体情况而定。对于已有较高水平横向协调和领导力的城市群,国家不宜使用纵向干预措施。对于缺乏横向协调和领导力的城市群,国家应在合作初期使用纵向干预措施,目的在于培养府际信任,创建城市间合作基础和协商规则,一旦城市学习掌握了合作策略,纵向干预措施应撤销,目的在于培养城市间自觉的、长期的、可持续的合作意识。 Because of the transboundary characteristic of environmental pollution,China proposed in the national New Urbanization Plan(2014)that the solution for environmental pollution problems should be upscaled to the regional level and at the geographical space of urban agglomerations.Under this background,it is necessary and of significant practical meanings to assess the effectiveness of environmental cooperation in urban agglomerations scientifically,and to study the influencing factors that affect the cooperative effectiveness.This study adopts the intensity of inter-organizational activities as a measurement for effectiveness of environmental cooperation,and proposes five affecting factors based on the theory of collaborative governance.It adopts the method of fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis to explore the configurations of factors affecting the effectiveness of environmental cooperation in 13 Chinese urban agglomerations.The study finds that horizontal coordination and leadership are necessary factors leading to strong cooperation,and vertical intervention,disparity of governance capacity and disparity of environmental status are sufficient factors.The results reveal two configurations of factors for strong cooperation:one is the combination of horizontal coordination,leadership and equal environmental governance capability;and the other is the combination of horizontal coordination,leadership,and the absence of vertical intervention and presence of large disparity of environmental status.The study further reveals four configurations of factors leading to weak environmental cooperation.Different from previous research on regional environmental governance,this study points out that the role of vertical intervention is limited for sustainable environmental cooperation,but the voluntary horizontal coordination and communicative leadership are necessary factors.This means,to achieve higher level of effectiveness for environmental cooperation,the adoption of central vertical intervention measures depends on
作者 母睿 贾俊婷 李鹏 MU Rui;JIA Jun-ting;LI Peng(Department of Public Administration,Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences,Dalian University ofTechnology,Dalian Liaoning 116024,China)
出处 《中国人口资源与环境》 CSSCI CSCD 北大核心 2019年第8期12-19,共8页 China Population,Resources and Environment
基金 国家自然科学基金项目“城市群环境治理背景下网络不确定性与政府间协作机制研究”(批准号:71774022) 辽宁省“兴辽英才计划”项目(批准号:XLYC1807057)。
关键词 环境合作 合作效果 城市群 模糊集定性比较分析 environmental cooperation cooperation effectiveness urban agglomeration fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis
作者简介 母睿,博士,教授,博导,主要研究方向为公共政策、协作治理与城市可持续发展。E-mail:ruimu@dlut.edu.cn。
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