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历史、人性与自然的镜像--贾平凹的“世纪写作”论纲 预览

The Image of History,Humanity and Nature: Thesis of Jia Pingwa′s Epoch Writing
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摘要 本文试图从整体上通过历史、人性与自然这三个角度来把握、理解、阐释作家贾平凹的创作谱系及其流变。从其具体的小说文本出发,如《商州》《山地笔记》《废都》《定西笔记》《高老庄》《秦腔》《老生》《山本》等,来感受、考量自1980年代以来,在中国文化深层价值取向及其变革的语境下,贾平凹是如何尝试为中国文学建立新的话语范式,来拓展或改变传统现实主义相对单一的创作方法,形成新的审美定势的强烈愿望。更为重要的是,思考贾平凹在创作中如何始终植根于"秦岭商洛"这块古老而神秘的土地,并再现出近一个世纪以来这块土地上所独有的"神性",并提出贾平凹的"世纪写作"的概念。贾平凹正是在融合外来文化和现代文明的强劲气息的同时,通过自己的创作命意和叙事美学,使"中国经验"在小说文本中不断焕发生机,民族的精神、心理的流变也在现实、存在的铺陈中获得伸张。 This paper tries to grasp,understand and interpret the writing ancestry and rhelology of Jia Pingwa's works from the perspectives of history,humanity and nature.From his novels such as Shangzhou,Diaries of the Mountains,Ruined Capital,Diaries of Dingxi,Gaolaozhuang,Shaanxi Opera,Laosheng and Shanben,we can sense that since 1980s,in the context of changes of the deep value orientation of Chinese culture,how Jia Pingwa has managed to establish the new discourse model for Chinese literature to develop or change the single writing style of traditional realism in order to form a new aesthetic einstellung.What is more important is that in his works Jia Pingwa Jia Pingwa set his stories in this old and mysterious land of Shanluo and redisplays the unique charm of this land in the last century.Furthermore,the concept of epoch writing is proposed.In combining the exotic culture and the modern civilization,through his own writing purpose and narrative aesthetics,he has given a new life to the Chinese experience in his works,thus,the national spirit and mental changes have been expanded in reality and existence.
作者 张学昕 张博实 ZHANG Xue-xin;ZHANG Bo-shi(School of Literature,Liaoning Normal University,Dalian 116021,China;School of Literature,Jilin University,Changchun 130000,China)
出处 《西北大学学报:哲学社会科学版》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第6期115-122,共8页 Journal of Northwest University(Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition)
关键词 贾平凹 历史 人性 自然 神性 审美定势 Jia Pingwa history human nature nature divinity aesthetic einstellung
作者简介 张学昕,男,黑龙江佳木斯人,辽宁师范大学文学院教授,博士生导师,从事中国当代文学评论与研究。
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参考文献4

  • 1贾平凹著..定西笔记[M].合肥:安徽文艺出版社,2013:296.
  • 2胡河清著..灵地的缅想[M].上海:学林出版社,1994:210.
  • 3贾平凹.我心目中的小说——贾平凹自述[J].小说评论,2003(6):20-23. 被引量:33
  • 4贾平凹著..高老庄[M].西安:太白文艺出版社,1998:415.

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