Objective To explore the efficacy of thematic health education on breast cancer patients with whole course of disease management. Methods According to the order of admission into the hospital, 100 breast cancer patients were randomly divided into two groups: the control group and the observation group. In the control group, clinical nursing pathway was adopted when health education was conducted. In the observation group, thematic health education based on the whole course of disease management was carried out. Mastery of disease knowledge, health-promoting behaviors and degree of anxiety were compared between the two groups. Results The total score of the survey on the observation group and the scores of Disease Risk Factors, Functional Training and Observation and Protection of Complication (90.00±11.75, 18.05±4.33, 19.01±4.20, 18.68±0.07) were all higher than those of the control group (86.68±9.340, 16.12±2.86, 17.22±2.83, 15.43±6.78);the differences were statistically significant (t=2.641-9.171, P<0.05).The total score of the observation group in The Healthy Living Style Scale and the scores in different dimensions were all higher than those of the control group;the differences were statistically significant (t=2.347-6.653, P<0.05 or 0.01).The score of the Self-rating Anxiety Scale of the observation group after completing all the chemotherapy periods (48.20±4.03) was lower than that of the control group after three chemotherapy periods (53.56±2.84);the differences were statistically significant (t=7.028, P<0.05);in these two tests, the group differences in scores between the two groups are also statistically significant (t=2.050, 11.560, P<0.05 or 0.01). Conclusion Conducting thematic health education on the breast cancer patients based on the whole course of disease management can effectively improve the patients′ mastery of disease knowledge, improve their health-promoting behaviors, relieve their anxiety and help them recover physically and mentally.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing