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抗生素在小儿呼吸内科临床中的合理应用探讨 预览

Rational Application of Antibiotics in the Clinical Practice of Pediatric Respiratory Medicine
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摘要 目的现阶段采取的抗生素药物对于小儿呼吸内科疾病的治疗具有显著的意义,该文的研究目的就是探索抗生素的临床应用,以求证相应的合理性,便于在后期的临床治疗过程中进行推广应用。方法该次实验选取山东菏泽某医院于2016年8月—2018年8月所收治的患有呼吸内科疾病的患儿共计460例,主要采取处方回顾的方式来获得数据资料,结合不同类型的抗生素以及对小孩所产生的用药情况和临床效果进行总结分析,判断抗生素的作用,对最终的使用情况做出详细的评价分析。结果在该次实验的结果中,这460例位患儿在治疗疾病的过程中均采取了抗生素类药物,种类合计为12种,仅有头孢他啶类型的抗生素出现了些许的意外情况,比例占10.8%,临床效果不尽人意。结论在对小儿呼吸内科疾病进行治疗的过程中,抗生素的作用不可小觑,而且使用基本合理都会具有相应的积极效果,值得在临床上进行推广应用。 Objective antibiotics at the current stage have significant significance for the treatment of respiratory dis-eases in children. The purpose of this study is to explore the clinical application of antibiotics in order to verify the corresponding rationality and facilitate the promotion in the later clinical treatment process. Methods In this experi-ment, a total of 460 children with respiratory diseases were admitted to a hospital in Heze, Shandong Province from August 2016 to August 2018. The data were mainly reviewed by prescriptions, combined with different types of antibi-otics and the drug use and clinical effects produced by children were summarized and analyzed to determine the role of antibiotics, and a detailed evaluation of the final use was made. Results In the results of this experiment, 460 children took antibiotics in the course of treatment of the disease, with a total of 12 species. Only ceftazidime-type antibiotics showed some unexpected cases, accounting for 10.8%. The clinical effect was not satisfactory. Conclusion In the pro-cess of treating children's respiratory diseases, the role of antibiotics should not be underestimated, and the use of basic rationality will have corresponding positive effects, and must be promoted and applied clinically.
作者 户冬梅 HU Dong-mei(Department of Internal Medicine, Xiaoliu Center, Mudan District, Heze, Shandong Province, 274000 China)
出处 《系统医学》 2019年第17期67-69,共3页 Systems Medicine
关键词 抗生素 小儿患者 呼吸内科疾病 临床应用 合理性分析 Antibiotics Pediatric patients Respiratory diseases Clinical application Rationality analysis
作者简介 户冬梅(1973-),女,山东菏泽人,本科,主治医师,研究方向:小儿呼吸内科。
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