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雷贝拉唑联合四联疗法治疗不同CYP2C19基因代谢型幽门螺旋杆菌阳性慢性胃炎的疗效观察

Clinical observation of rabeprazole combined with quadruple therapy for different CYP2C19 gene-metabolic Helicobacter pylori-positive chronic gastritis
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摘要 目的探讨雷贝拉唑钠肠溶片联合四联疗法治疗不同细胞色素氧化酶P450 2C19(CYP2C19)基因代谢型幽门螺旋杆菌阳性慢性胃炎的临床疗效。方法选取2015年2月-2018年10月在西安市第一医院消化科住院的240例幽门螺旋杆菌阳性慢性胃炎患者作为研究对象,经基因检测确定了CYP2C19基因型,其中快代谢型(EM)、中等代谢型(IM)、慢代谢型(PM)各80例。每种代谢型患者再随机分为对照组和治疗组,每组各40例。对照组患者均行四联疗法,静脉泵入注射用泮托拉唑钠,40 mg溶于生理盐水50 mL,2次/d;静脉泵入注射用阿莫西林钠克拉维酸钾,1.2 g溶于生理盐水50 mL,2次/d;口服胶体酒石酸铋胶囊220mg,2次/d;口服克拉霉素片,500mg/次,2次/d。治疗组在对照组治疗的基础上口服雷贝拉唑钠肠溶片,1片/次,2次/d。两组患者均连续治疗14 d。完全停药1月后行呼气试验检测。观察患者的幽门螺旋杆菌根除率,比较不良反应发生情况。结果 EM型治疗组与对照组根除率比较,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05);IM型、PM型治疗组与对照组根除率比较,差异无统计学意义。3个治疗组中,PM型根除率(95.0%)最高,IM型根除率(77.5%)次之,EM型根除率(57.5%)最低,组间根除率比较差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。3个对照组中,PM型根除率(97.5%)最高,IM型根除率(92.5%)次之,EM型根除率(82.5%)最低,组间根除率比较差异无统计学意义。结论以泮托拉唑静点为基础的四联疗法受CYP2C19基因多态性的影响小。但对于快代谢型加用雷贝拉唑钠肠溶片可提高幽门螺旋杆菌根除率,效果较中等代谢型、慢代谢型明显。 Objective To observe the clinical curative effect of Rabeprazole Sodium Enteric-coated Tablets combined with quadruple therapy for different CYP2C19 gene-metabolic Helicobacter pylori-positive chronic gastritis. Methods Patients(240 cases) with Helicobacter pylori-positive chronic gastritis in First Hospital of Xi’an from February 2015 to October 2018 were selected, and was confirmed CYP2C19 genotype by genetic testing. Patients of extensive metabolizer, intermediate metabolizers, and poor metabolizer had 80 cases. Each metabolic patients were divided into control group(40 cases) and treatment group(40 cases). Patients in the control group were treated with quadruple therapy. Patients in the control group were iv administered with Pantoprazole sodium for injection, 40 mg dissolved in 50 mL normal saline, twice daily;also iv administered with Amoxicillin sodium and Clavulanate potassium for injection with 1.2 g dissolved in 50 mL normal saline, twice daily;and po administered with Colloidal Bismuth Tartrate Capsules 220 mg and Clarithromycin Tablets 500 mg/time, twice daily. Patients in the treatment group were po administered with Rabeprazole Sodium Enteric-coated Tablets on the basis of the control group, 1 tablet/time, twice daily. Patients in two groups were treated for 14 d. One month after complete withdrawal, breath test was performed. After treatment, the eradication rate of H. pylori was evaluated, and incidences of adverse reactions were compared. Results After treatment, the eradication rates in the EM-type treatment group was significantly lower than that in the control group, and there were differences between two groups(P < 0.05).There was no significant difference of eradication rate between IM-type treatment group and control group. Among the three treatment groups, PM type eradication rate(95.0%) was the highest, IM type eradication rate(77.5%) was the second, and EM type eradication rate(57.5%) was the lowest, and there was significant difference between groups(P < 0.05). Among the three contro
作者 靳斌 朱玉侠 张永红 赵梦云 张雪丽 王林 路伟 李蓉 孔祥云 赵明星 姜登鸽 张丽秋 JIN Bin;ZHU Yu-xia;ZHANG Yong-hong;ZHAO Meng-yun;ZHANG Xue-li;W ANG Lin;LU Wei;LI Rong;KONG Xiang-yun;ZHANG Li-qiu;ZHAO Ming-xing;JIANG Deng-ge(First Hospital of Xi'an, Xi'an 710002,China)
机构地区 西安市第一医院
出处 《现代药物与临床》 CAS 2019年第7期2015-2018,共4页 Drugs & Clinic
基金 陕西省科学技术研究发展计划项目(2016SF-197).
关键词 雷贝拉唑钠肠溶片 四联疗法 慢性胃炎 幽门螺旋杆菌 CYP2C19 基因多态性 Rabeprazole Sodium Enteric-coated Tablets quadruple therapy chronic gastritis Helicobacter pylori CYP2C19 gene polymorphism
作者简介 靳斌(1972-),男,四川人,副主任医师,医学博士,从事消化系疾病的诊断及治疗。E-mail:ylywt006@126.com.
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