Objective To study the composition and distribution of urinary calculi in Han patients with urinary calculi in Hami area, Xinjiang. Methods A total of 557 patients with urinary calculi from Han nationality from April 2013 to December 2016 were enrolled. The stones were analyzed and their stones were detected.Results The male-female ratio of patients with stones was 2.92:1, and the ratio of upper and lower urinary calculi was 6.96:1. The highest detection rate was 469 cases (84.22%) of calcium oxalate, followed by 216 cases (38.79%) of carbonate apatite, 85 cases (15.27%) of uric acid, 62 cases (11.13%) of ammonium magnesium phosphate,3 cases (0.54%)of cystine and other components of the stone accounted for a relatively low. The incidence of patients gradually increases with age, reaching a peak at 40 to 60 years of age. Urinary calculi are mainly distributed in the kidneys, accounting for 60.32%. The urinary calculi in each part are mainly calcium oxalate and carbonate apatite, and the components such as uric acid are less. Conclusion The calculi composition of Han patients with urinary calculi in Hami area of Xinjiang is mainly composed of calcium oxalate. The high incidence of stones is closely related to dietary structure and living habits.
Xinjiang Han nationality