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基于容器技术的天文应用软件自动部署方法 预览

Automatic Deployment Method of Astronomical Application Software Based on Container Technology
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摘要 平方千米阵列即将开始建设,各子工作包也进入关键设计评估阶段。基于云与容器技术是平方千米阵列科学数据处理器未来可能采用的平台技术。针对超大规模海量数据处理面临的天文应用软件快速部署、运行与实测要求,充分考虑天文应用软件运行环境复杂、云计算环境下超大规模计算集群部署困难等问题,系统研究并给出了一种使用容器技术的天文应用软件通用自动部署方法。以目前较为常用的可见度函数校准软件SAGECaL为例,首先分析了SAGECaL的相关特性和分布式部署方面存在的困难,进而给出了基于容器技术的SAGECaL分布式集群的自动部署方法。实验结果表明,自动部署方法极大地提高了SAGECaL分布式集群的部署效率,满足项目组承担平方千米阵列科学数据处理器相关测试工作所需要的基础平台部署与切换等需求,同时也为其它天文软件在云端的快速部署与执行提供了有益的思路。 The Square Kilometer Array(SKA)is under construction.And each sub-work package will also enter the critical design evaluation phase.The cloud-based and container-based technologies are the platform technologies that SKA Scientific Data Processor(SDP)may adopt in the future.This paper is aimed at the rapid deployment,operation and measurement requirements of astronomical application software faced by SDP ultra-large-scale massive data processing.It fully considers the complex operation environment of astronomical application software and the difficulty in deploying ultra-large-scale computing clusters in cloud computing environment.For this reason,a general automatic deployment method for astronomical application using Docker technology is systematically studied and presented.The paper takes SAGECaL,a calibration software commonly used for visibility function as an example.Firstly,the characteristics of SAGECaL and the difficulties in distributed deployment are analyzed.The automatic deployment method of SAGECaL distributed cluster based on Docker container technology is given.The experimental results show that the automatic deployment method proposed in this paper greatly improves the deployment efficiency of SAGECaL distributed cluster,and meets the needs of the project team to undertake the deployment and switching of the basic platform required for SKA-SDP related testing.At the same time,this work also provides useful ideas for the rapid deployment and implementation of other astronomical software in the cloud.
作者 姚坤 戴伟 杨秋萍 梅盈 石聪明 王锋 Yao Kun;Dai Wei;Yang Qiuping;Mei Ying;Shi Congming;Wang Feng(Key Laboratory of Applications of Computer Technology of the Yunnan Province,Kunming University of Science and Technology,Kunming 650500,China;Yunnan Observatories,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Kunming 650011,China;Center for Astrophysics,Guangzhou University,Guangzhou 510006,China)
出处 《天文研究与技术》 CSCD 2019年第3期321-328,共8页 Astronomical Research & Technology
基金 国家重点研发计划(2018YFA0404603,2016YFE0100300) 国家自然科学天文联合基金(U1831204,U1531132,U1631129) 国家自然科学基金(11403009,11463003,11773012) 云南省应用基础研究项目(2017FB001) 赛尔网络下一代互联网技术创新项目(NGII20170204)资助.
关键词 自动部署 容器技术 SAGECaL 平方千米阵列 科学数据处理器 Automatic deployment Container technology SAGECaL SKA SDP
作者简介 姚坤,男,硕士研究生.研究方向:计算机应用技术.Email:9259813@qq.com;通讯作者:戴伟,男,副教授.研究方向:计算机应用技术.Email:dw@cnlab.net
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