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昆山市中药注射剂不良反应回顾性分析 预览

Analysis of adverse drug reactions of 387 cases induced by Traditional Chinese Medicine Injections in Kunshan city
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摘要 目的了解昆山市中药注射剂不良反应(ADR)规律及特点,为合理用药及药品安全性监管提供参考。方法采用回顾性研究方法,对昆山市药品不良反应监测中心2015-2017年度接收并评价的387例中药注射剂ADR报告进行归纳分析。结果387例ADR中,新的一般ADR占43.67%。60岁以上患者121例,占31.26%。首次用药30min内即发生ADR占54.26%。热毒宁注射液ADR发生频次最多,其次为喜炎平注射液。ADR临床表现以皮肤及其附件损伤为主,占50.89%。中西药注射剂联用导致ADR占36.69%。结论应重点加强中药注射剂ADR监测,促进合理用药,进一步完善中药注射剂安全性监管机制。 Objective To investigate the regularities and characteristics of adverse drug reaction(ADR) induced by Traditional Chinese medicine injections(TCMIs),and to provide reference for rational drug use and safety administration. Methods A total of 387 ADR reports induced by TCMIs from 2015 to 2017 in Kunshan city were analyzed and summarized by using retrospective study method. Results Of the total 387 ADR cases,new and general ADR(43.67%) was the most type of ADR.121 cases of patients were over the age of 60,accounting for 31.26%.The ADR occurred within 30 minutes,accounting for 54.26%.The most of ADR occurred in Reduning Injection,followed by Xiyanping Injection.The ADR focused on the damage of skin and appendage accounting for 50.89%.The ADR induced by the combination of Traditional Chinese and western medicine injections accounted for 36.69%. Conclusion Great importance should be attached to enhance specialty ADR monitoring in TCMIs,so as to promote the rational drug use and improve the drug safety administration of TCMIs.
作者 黄婷 HUANG Ting(Kunshan Drug Administration Institute/Kunshan Drug Adverse Reaction Monitoring Center,Kunshan,Jiangsu 215300,China)
出处 《现代医药卫生》 2019年第11期1643-1646,共4页 Modern Medicine Health
关键词 中药注射剂 药物不良反应 联合用药 药品监管 合理用药 Traditional Chinese Medicine Injection Adverse drug reaction Drug combination Drug administration Rational drug use
作者简介 黄婷(1987-),硕士研究生,主管药师,主要从事药械监管及药械不良反应监测研究.
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