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论洛克思想的清教渊源

On the Puritan Origins of Locke s Thought
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摘要 约翰·洛克是17世纪英格兰哲学家和政治理论家,清教是17世纪英格兰最重要的信仰体系,清教精神甚至在清教革命失败后依然对英格兰社会发挥着强大的支配力。出身于清教之家的洛克,与清教有着千丝万缕的关系,在个人生活、社会活动和学术研究方面都深受清教影响,其宗教宽容和政教关系理论、个人自由与私人财产权学说、认识论哲学乃至教育观中都充斥着清教元素。清教是洛克的主要智识渊源之一,为解读洛克的思想提供了一个整体性的智识背景。探析洛克思想的清教渊源,对完整而准确地理解洛克不可或缺。 John Locke was an English philosopher and political theorist of the 17th century,and Puritanism was the dominant belief system in England for most of the century,which remained a powerful controlling force on the whole English society even after the Puritan Revolution failed.Locke was born and brought up in a Puritan family,inextricably connected with Puritanism,and was influenced deeply by Puritanism in personal life,social activities,and academic orientation.Puritanism permeates in Locke s thought,especially in his theories on the relationship between religious toleration and the separation of state and church,personal liberty and property,epistemology,and education.Puritanism provides main intellectual origins for Locke s thought,and constitutes a comprehensive intellectual background for its interpretation.Probing and analyzing the Puritan origins of Locke s thought is integral to the complete and accurate understanding of the great philosopher.
作者 钟瑞华 Zhong Ruihua(不详)
出处 《中国社会科学院研究生院学报》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第3期108-117,共10页 Academic Journal Graduate School Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
关键词 洛克 清教 英格兰 Locke Puritanism England
作者简介 钟瑞华,法学博士,中国社会科学院国际法研究所助理研究员.
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