目的探讨Q-syte分隔膜无针密闭输液接头在膀胱癌患者术后进行膀胱冲洗和膀胱灌注的效果。方法回顾性分析2015年1月至2016年7月因非肌层浸润性膀胱癌于武汉大学中南医院行经尿道膀胱电切的患者。停止持续膀胱冲洗后,观察组应用Q-syte分隔膜无针密闭输液接头封闭冲洗腔,对照组采用传统方法连接引流袋,比较两组患者舒适度、满意度、尿路感染发生率、停止膀胱冲洗所需时间及行膀胱灌注所需时间。结果共纳入88例患者,其中男性63例(72%),女性25例(28%),平均年龄60.2±4.7岁。两组年龄、性别比、体重指数、合并症发生率差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05)。与对照组相比,病例组患者舒适度(轻度不适:86.4%vs. 25.0%,P<0.001;中度不适:13.6%vs. 52.3%,P<0.001;重度不适:0.0%vs. 22.7%,P=0.001)和患者满意度评分(97.9±2.1 vs. 84.5±3.9,P<0.001)显著提高,尿路感染发生率显著降低(11.4%vs. 29.5%,P=0.034);此外,病例组行膀胱灌注所需时间(50.48±1.78 vs. 207.74±5.41,P<0.001)及停止膀胱冲洗所需时间(141.47±3.25 vs. 205.35±5.17,P<0.001)显著降低,差异均有统计学意义。结论持续膀胱冲洗结束后用Q-syte分隔膜无针密闭输液接头封闭三腔导尿管冲洗腔并进行膀胱灌注,在提高患者舒适度和满意度的同时,可降低尿路感染发生率,还可提高医护人员的工作效率。
Objectives To evaluate the effects of Q-syte separating film needleless closed transfusion connector in flushing chamber of three-cavity urethral catheter. Methods To retrospectively analyze the patients who underwent transurethral resection of bladder tumor for non muscle-invasive bladder cancer from January 2015 to July 2016 in Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University. After terminating the continuous bladder irrigation, the observed group used Q-syte separating film needleless closed transfusion connector to seal the flushing chamber of three-cavity urethral catheter, and control group used conditional approach to connect drainage bag. The degree of comfort and satisfaction of patients, urinary tract infection, time of stopping bladder irrigation and bladder perfusion time between two groups were assessed. Results A total of 88 patients were included involving 63(72%) males and 25(28%) females with a mean age of 60.2±4.7 years. There were no significant differences between two groups in age, gender, BMI, and complications(P>0.05).Compared to control group, case group had higher level of comfort degree(mild discomfort: 86.4% vs. 25.0%, P<0.001;moderate discomfort: 13.6% vs. 52.3%, P<0.001;severe discomfort: 0.0% vs. 22.7%, P=0.001), satisfaction degree(97.9±2.1 vs. 84.5±3.9, P<0.001), and lower rates of urinary tract infection(11.4% vs. 29.5%, P=0.034). In addition, the case group spent shorter time in terminating bladder irrigation(50.48±1.78 vs. 207.74±5.41, P<0.001) and bladder perfusion(141.47±3.25 vs. 205.35±5.17, P<0.001). All differences were statistical significance. Conclusions Application of Q-syte separating film needleless closed transfusion connector for sealing flushing chamber of three-cavity urethral catheter after continuous bladder irrigation could promote the degree of comfort and satisfaction of patients, and decrease the rate of urinary tract infection, as well as the working efficiency of health care professionals.
Chinese Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
Q-Style separating film needleless closed transfusion connector
Three-cavity urethral catheter