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西葫芦新品种东葫5号的选育 预览

A New Squash F1 Hybrid -'Donghu No.5'
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摘要 东葫5号是以自交系813-1cb为母本,以自交系1-2为父本育成的西葫芦一代杂种。早熟,从播种到采收250g左右的嫩瓜约需43d(天)。植株矮生,长势强,叶片深绿、有缺刻,根系强大,后期不衰,第1雌花节位为第6~7节,雌花多,成瓜率高,商品瓜长棒形、皮色淡绿、光泽亮丽。田间抗病毒病能力较对照碧波强,每667m^2产量4200kg左右,适合山西省早春露地种植。 'Donghu No.5' is a new squash F1 hybrid developed by crossing inbred line '813-1cb'as female parent,and inbred line '1-2' as male parent.It is of early maturing.It takes about 43 days from seeding to harvesting about 250 g tender fruit.The plant has strong growth vigor and is of dwarf type.Its leaf is dark green in color with notches.Its root system is strong and unfading at later stage.The first female flower sets on the 6-7th node.It has many female flowers and high fruit setting ratio.The commercial fruit is of long clavate shape with light green and glossy peel.Its resistance to virus disease is stronger than that of the contrast 'Bibo'.It can yield about 63 t·hm^-2.'Donghu No.5' is suitable for cultivation in open fields of Shanxi Province in early spring.
作者 刘庆华 雷逢进 董晨晨 马理军 刘秀丽 LIU Qing-hua;LEI Feng-jin;DONG Chen-chen;MA Li-jun;LIU Xiu-li(Institute of Cotton,Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Yuncheng 044000,Shanxi,China)
出处 《中国蔬菜》 北大核心 2019年第6期84-86,共3页 China Vegetables
基金 山西省重点研发计划项目(201603D221011-1).
关键词 西葫芦 东葫5号 一代杂种 Squash 'Donghu No.5' F1 hybrid
作者简介 刘庆华,女,硕士,助理研究员,专业方向:西葫芦资源创新及新品种选育,电话:0359-2123398,E-mail:liuqinghua.206@163.com;通讯作者(Corresponding author):雷逢进,男,研究员,硕士生导师,专业方向:西葫芦资源创新及新品种选育,电话:0359-2123398,E-mail:sxnky@126.com.
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