期刊文献+

2015-2017年天津市肺外结核流行病学分析

Epidemiological Characteristics of Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis in Tianjin From 2015 to 2017
收藏 分享 导出
摘要 目的了解天津市肺外结核的流行病学特征,分析存在的问题,为制定肺外结核防治对策提供理论依据。方法对结核病信息管理系统中登记的天津市2015-2017年肺外结核疫情信息资料进行收集整理,采用描述性流行病学研究方法分析天津市肺外结核病人分布状况。结果2015-2017年天津市累计登记报告肺外结核病人1190例,占全部结核的10.39%,年均发病率为2.57/10万,报告单位以市级结核病定点医疗机构为主。肺外结核以结核性淋巴腺炎最多,占全部肺外结核的25.55%,其次是骨关节结核病(22.52%)和泌尿生殖系统结核病(11.26%);脑、淋巴结核以及肠、腹膜、肠系膜腺体结核病多发生在青少年(15~25岁年龄组)和壮年组(45~55岁年龄组),而骨关节结核、泌尿生殖系统结核在肺外结核患者中的比例随着年龄的增长而增加,泌尿生殖系统结核好发于青壮年组(25~55岁年龄组),皮肤结核在肺外结核患者中的比例随着年龄的增加而降低,肺外结核患者的HIV筛查率逐年下降。结论天津市肺外结核登记报告发病率逐年上升,报告单位以市级结核病定点医疗机构为主。下一步要继续加强肺外结核的登记报告制度,加强各区肺外结核HIV筛查工作,重视各医疗机构医务人员肺外结核的诊疗能力,减少肺外结核的误诊和漏诊。 Objective To have a comprehensive understanding of the epidemiological characteristics of extrapulmonary tuberculosis in Tianjin, and provide theoretical evidence for the prevention and control of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Methods The data of registered extrapulmonary tuberculosis patients in TB management information system from 2015 to 2017 were collected and analyzed by descriptive epidemiological methods. Results A total of 1 190 extrapulmonary tuberculosis patients were registered in Tianjin from 2015 to 2017, accounting for 10.39% of all tuberculosis patients;the average annual incidence was 2.57/105. The main reporting institutions were municipal designated tuberculosis medical institutions. Tuberculous lymphatitis was the most common reported extrapulmonary tuberculosis, accounting for 25.55% of all extrapulmonary tuberculosis cases , followed by osteoarthrosis tuberculosis ( 22.52%) and urogenital tuberculosis (11.26%). Brain, scrofula and intestines, peritoneum, mesenteric gland tuberculosis mostly occurred in teenagers (15 to 25 years old) and the prime group (45 to 55 years old);the incidence of joint tuberculosis and urogenital system tuberculosis increased with age in extrapulmonary TB patients;urogenital system TB frequently occurred in young adults (25 to 55 years old);the proportion of patients with cutaneous tuberculosis among patients with extrapulmonary tuberculosis decreased with age;the HIV screening rate in extrapulmonary tuberculosis decreased year by yea r. Conclusion The reported incidence of extrapulmonary tuberculosis has shown a yearly increasing trend in Tianjin. Municipal designated tuberculosis medical institutions were the main reporting institutions. Relevant departments should strengthen the extrapulmonary tuberculosis registration and HIV screening in patients with extrapulmonary TB, attach importance to the extrapulmonary tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment ability of medical staff in hospitals so as to reduce misdiagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis.
作者 李敬新 庞学文 张丹 于燕明 李晓蓉 高丽 LI Jingxin;PANG Xuewen;ZHANG Dan;YU Yanming;LI Xiaorong;GAO Li(Tianjin Tuberculosis Control Center, Tianjin 300011, China)
出处 《预防医学情报杂志》 CAS 2019年第4期407-411,共5页 Journal of Preventive Medicine Information
关键词 肺外结核 描述性流行病学 extrapulmonary tuberculosis descriptive epidemiology
  • 相关文献

参考文献5

二级参考文献45

  • 1赵军,林祥通,管一晖,左传涛,华逢春,陆舜.结核病~(18)F-FDG PET图像表现的多样性[J].中华核医学杂志,2003(S1):41-43. 被引量:39
  • 2徐红卫.多层螺旋CT及其图像后处理对脊柱结核的诊断及临床应用价值[J].中国实用医药,2007(28):66-67. 被引量:8
  • 3徐松,解京明,王迎松,张颖.脊柱结核的外科治疗[J].脊柱外科杂志,2006,4(1):8-11. 被引量:19
  • 4张明科,关芬娇,梁朝霞,张娟.结核抗体与痰检结果的比较分析[J].临床肺科杂志,2007,12(5):436-437. 被引量:20
  • 5WHO. Global tuberculosis control: surveillance, planning, financing, WHO report 2009[R]. Gerieva:World Health Organization, 2009 : 1-303. 被引量:1
  • 6Ansari NA, Kombe AH, Kenyon TA, Hone NM, Tappero JW, Nyirencla ST, Binkin NJ, Lucas SB. Pathology and causes of death in a group of 128 predominantly HIV-positive patients in Botswana, 1997-1998[J]. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis, 2002, 6 (1),55-63. 被引量:1
  • 7Greenberg AE, Lucas S, Tossou O, Coulibaly IM, Coulibaly D, Kassim S, Ackah A, De Cock KM. Auto-proven causes of death in HIV-infected patients treated for tuberculosis in Abidjan,Cote d'Ivoire[J]. AIDS, 1995,9(11) : 1251-1254. 被引量:1
  • 8Rana FS, Hawken MP, Mwachari C, Bhatt SM, Abdullah F, Ng‘ang‘a LW, Power C, Githui WA, Porter JD, Lucas SB. Autopsy study of HIV-l-p.ositive and HIV-l-nagative adult medical patients in Nairobi, Kenya [ J ]. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr, 2000,24(1) :23-29. 被引量:1
  • 9WHO. Interim policy on collaborative TB-HIV activities. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2004. 被引量:1
  • 10Gunneberg C, Reid A, Williams BG, Floyd K, Nunn P. Global monitoring of collaborative TB-HIV aetivities[J]. Int J Tubere Lung Dis, 2008, 12(3) :S2-S7. 被引量:1

共引文献48

投稿分析

相关作者

内容加载中请稍等...

相关机构

内容加载中请稍等...

相关主题

内容加载中请稍等...

浏览历史

内容加载中请稍等...
;
使用帮助 返回顶部 意见反馈