We report a universal approach based on the surface plasmon resonances(SPRs) attained in filamentation in water doped with gold nanoparticles for enhancing the nonlinear refractive index. The filament-induced supercontinuum spectrum in water overlaps with SPRs of gold nanospheres, which further leads to a modification on the Kerr nonlinear refractive index. In our experiment, the measured nonlinear refractive index(n2) in water doped with gold nanoparticles increases by six times, as compared with that in pure water. Such enhancement may be useful for filament-induced nonlinear applications with modest incident intensity.
Chinese Optics Letters
the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2018YFB0504400)
the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 61505106 and 11504237)
the Innovation Program of Shanghai Municipal Education Commission (No. 201701070007E00007)
the Shanghai Chenguang Project (No. 15CG51).