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考试作弊类犯罪的理解和适用分析——以《刑法修正案(九)》为主视角 预览

Interpreting Exam Cheating Crimes from the Perspective of The Act of Criminal Law Amendment (9)
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摘要 针对考试作弊行为,刑法修正案(九)增设了3个罪名予以规制.对于组织考试作弊罪的认定,必须严格解释、着重把握两个制约因素即“法律规定”含义的界定和“国家考试”内涵的明确以限制入罪范围.应当结合前置教育法、行政法等规定,明确区分考试作弊行为与一般考试违规违纪行为区别,防止不当扩大入罪范围.本罪组织行为具有多种模式,其对作为对象的被组织者的数量要求需要达到“多人”,一般3人以上为妥.非法出售、提供试题、答案罪的认定必须全面评价考试作弊中“给予接受”关系双方的行为,防止打击缺漏.代替考试罪主要涉及罪数竞合问题,应根据不同情况具体分析. In order to control cheating in organizing exams,The Act of Criminal Law Amendment (9) had three amendments.Regarding the crime of cheating in organizing exams we must strictly interpret and focus on two constraints, namely, the boundary of “legal regulations” and the connotation of “state examinations” to delimit the scope of crimes.It is necessary to distinguish illegal behaviors in organizing exams from cheating in exams against the education law and the administrative law so as not to over expand the scope of crimes. This crime has a variety of patterns in terms of organizational behaviors,where in the organized should be over a certain number of people.In general, three or more people can be regarded as the basic line. The identification of the crime of illegally selling and providing tests and answers should be based on the comprehensive assessment of the “give and take” relationship in the organizational cheating behavior in the exams so that none is missed. The crime of taking exams for others mainly involves the issue of the number of crimes, which should be analyzed according to different circumstances.
作者 闻志强 WEN Zhiqiang(Law School,Guangzhou University,Guangzhou 510006,China)
机构地区 广州大学法学院
出处 《大连理工大学学报:社会科学版》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第2期100-108,共9页 Journal of Dalian University of Technology(Social Sciences)
基金 教育部人文社会科学规划基金项目:“国家教育考试舞弊行为的处理研究”(13YJA880008).
关键词 刑法修正案(九) 法律规定 国家考试 考试作弊 组织行为 代替考试罪 The Act of Criminal Law Amendment (9) legal regulations state examination exam cheating behaviors organizational behaviors crime of taking exams for others
作者简介 闻志强(1989-),男,河南光山人,讲师,博士,主要从事刑法学研究,E-mail:wenzhiqiang128@sina.com。
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