Objective To understand the prevalence of body mass index (BMI), hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia among the elderly aged 65 and over in Zhujing Community of Shanghai. and to explore the relationship between BMI and hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia, so as to provide a basis for better formulation of health promotion strategies for the elderly in Zhujing community. Methods In 2017, 7,690 the elderly aged 65 and over in this town were examined, including 3,611 males with an average (70.95±5.40) years old, and 4,079 females with an average (72.94 ±5.97) years old. Physical examination included body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, blood lipids and so on. The results of physical examination were analyzed by descriptive epidemiology. Results The average BMI of 7,690 the elderly aged 65 and over was (24.03±3.49) kg/m^2. The detection rates of overweight, obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia were 35.70%, 11.78%, 45.47%, 11.61% and 25.85%, respectively. The detection rates of overweight, obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia were higher in female than in men. The city was higher than the countryside;with the increase of age, the detection rate of overweight and obesity showed a gradual decline, while the detection rate of hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia showed a trend of gradual increase. The detection rate of hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in the overweight and obesity group were higher than those in the normal group. Conclusion The detection rates of overweight, obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia among the elderly aged 65 and over remained at a high level. the health life intervention should been strengthened for weight control, in order to enhance their physical quality, especially for the town of women, should be the focus of health education intervention, so as to achieve the pre Objective of preventing chronic diseases.
Health Education and Health Promotion