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上海市朱泾社区65岁及以上老年人BMI、高血压、高血糖、高脂血症流行现状及关系分析 预览

Epidemiological Status and Relationship Analysis of BMI, Hypertension, Hyperlipidemia, and Hyperglycemia Among the Elderly Aged 65 or Older in Zhujing Community of Shanghai
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摘要 目的了解上海市朱泾社区65岁及以上老年人体质指数(BMI)、高血压、高血糖、高脂血症的流行现状,探讨BMI与高血压、高血糖及高脂血症的关系,为今后更好地制定辖区老年人健康促进策略提供依据。方法2017年对该镇7,690名65岁及以上老年人进行体检,其中男性3,611名,平均年龄为(70.95±5.40)岁;女性4,079名,平均年龄(72.94±5.97)岁。体检内容包括BMI、血压、空腹血糖、血脂等。应用描述性流行病学对体检结果进行分析。结果7,690名65岁及以上老年人平均BMI为(24.03±3.49)kg/m^2,超重、肥胖、高血压、高血糖和高脂血症的检出率分别为35.70%、11.78%、45.47%、11.61%和25.85%。超重、肥胖、高血压、高血糖和高脂血症检出率均是女性高于男性、城镇高于农村。随着年龄的增长,超重和肥胖的检出率呈逐步下降的趋势,而高血压、高血糖和高脂血症的检出率呈现逐步上升的趋势。BMI在超重、肥胖范围内人群高血压、高血糖和高脂血症的检出率高于BMI在正常范围内人群。结论辖区65岁及以上老年人超重、肥胖、高血压、高血糖和高脂血症检出率仍处于较高水平。应加强辖区老年人健康生活干预,控制体重,尤其是针对城镇中的女性,应作为重点健康教育干预对象加以干预,从而达到预防慢性病的目的。 Objective To understand the prevalence of body mass index (BMI), hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia among the elderly aged 65 and over in Zhujing Community of Shanghai. and to explore the relationship between BMI and hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia, so as to provide a basis for better formulation of health promotion strategies for the elderly in Zhujing community. Methods In 2017, 7,690 the elderly aged 65 and over in this town were examined, including 3,611 males with an average (70.95±5.40) years old, and 4,079 females with an average (72.94 ±5.97) years old. Physical examination included body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, blood lipids and so on. The results of physical examination were analyzed by descriptive epidemiology. Results The average BMI of 7,690 the elderly aged 65 and over was (24.03±3.49) kg/m^2. The detection rates of overweight, obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia were 35.70%, 11.78%, 45.47%, 11.61% and 25.85%, respectively. The detection rates of overweight, obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia were higher in female than in men. The city was higher than the countryside;with the increase of age, the detection rate of overweight and obesity showed a gradual decline, while the detection rate of hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia showed a trend of gradual increase. The detection rate of hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in the overweight and obesity group were higher than those in the normal group. Conclusion The detection rates of overweight, obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia among the elderly aged 65 and over remained at a high level. the health life intervention should been strengthened for weight control, in order to enhance their physical quality, especially for the town of women, should be the focus of health education intervention, so as to achieve the pre Objective of preventing chronic diseases.
作者 李俊 许东晴 Li Jun;Xu Dongqing(Zhujing Community Health Care Center, Shanghai 201599, China)
出处 《健康教育与健康促进》 2019年第1期41-43,47共4页 Health Education and Health Promotion
关键词 体质指数 高血压 高血糖 高脂血症 关系分析 BMI Hypertension Hyperglycemia Hyperlipidemia Relationship analysis
作者简介 李俊,男,主管医师,主要从事全科医生工作,lijunjs_cdc@163.com;通信作者:许东晴,masterxken@126.com。
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