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累并快乐着:服务型领导的收益与代价——基于工作-家庭资源模型视角 预览 被引量:1

Benefits and costs of servant leadership behavior:A work-home resource model perspective
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摘要 服务型领导被以往大量研究证实能够对下属产生积极的影响效果。然而,我们对服务型领导如何影响领导者自己还知之甚少。基于此,文章根据工作-家庭资源模型,探讨了服务型领导的收益与代价。采用经验抽样法,对广州市76名企业单位中的主管进行为期5天的日记研究,并运用多层线性模型进行数据分析。结果表明:主管每日从事服务型领导行为既可以产生更多的积极情绪,从而改善工作-家庭关系,又可能会引发资源损耗,从而恶化了工作-家庭关系。主管感知的组织支持是服务型领导行为双刃剑效应的“门阀”,当主管感知到高的组织支持时,从事服务型领导行为会带来更多的积极情绪,而当主管感知到低的组织支持时,从事服务型领导行为可能更容易增加资源损耗。以上结果能拓宽我们对服务型领导影响效果的认识,并为如何干预服务型领导行为提供一些新的启发。 Servant leadership refers to a set of behaviors that serve the needs and interests of others that enhance the long-term well-being of subordinates and the stakeholders associated.Many studies have demonstrated that servant leadership has a positive impact on its recipients such as subordinates,teams,and organizations.However,few studies have explored the impact of servant leadership behavior on actors(leaders).This study draws from the work-home resources model,and adopts the actor perspective to identify the benefits and costs of engaging in servant leadership behavior.Specifically,we infer that,on one hand,servant leadership could contribute to resource generation(i.e.,positive emotion)and then improve work-family interface;on the other hand,servant leadership may also lead to resource depletion(ego depletion)and therefore have negative effect on work-family interface.However,as a kind of situational resource,organizational support could enhance the resource generation process and buffer the resource depletion process of servant leadership.To test the proposed theoretical model,we surveyed 76 supervisors and their managers in Chinese enterprises using experience sampling surveys.Approximately one week before the start of the daily surveys,we sent a questionnaire containing the measures of our between-level constructs(e.g.,organizational support)to participants.During the daily survey,participants were sent three surveys each day while they were at work for 5 workdays.At time 1(11:00 a.m.),supervisors completed measures of servant leadership behavior,and then managers completed the measures of transformational leadership behavior and ethical leadership behavior of each of their subordinates(supervisors).At time 2(4:00 p.m.),supervisors completed the measures of negative/positive emotion and ego depletion.At time 3(7:00~9:00 p.m.),supervisors completed the measures of work-home interface(work-home conflict,work-home facilitation).The results from the multilevel linear model analysis showed that:(1)engaging in ser
作者 康勇军 彭坚 KANG Yongjun;PENG Jian(School of Entrepreneurship Education,Guangdong University of Finance and Economics,Guangzhou 510320,China;School of Management,Guangzhou University,Guangzhou 510006,China)
出处 《心理学报》 CSSCI CSCD 北大核心 2019年第2期227-237,共11页 Acta Psychologica Sinica
基金 广东省哲学社会科学“十三五”规划2017年度学科共建项目(GD17XGL18)资助。
关键词 服务型领导行为 工作-家庭冲突 工作-家庭促进 组织支持 工作-家庭资源模型 servant leadership behavior work-home conflict work-home facilitation organizational support work-home resources model
作者简介 通信作者:彭坚, E-mail:pengjiannut@163.com
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