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美国国家针灸与东方医学资格审议委员会资格认证要求探析与思考 预览

The exploration and reflection of National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine certification requirements
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摘要 基于对美国国家针灸与东方医学资格审议委员会(NCCAOM)公共网站所发布的第一手信息的调研,本文归纳、整理了NCCAOM资格证书申请人的资质类别、各州当前注册医师数量分布及对NCCAOM考试和资格的认证情况进行分析,得出的结论有:西医内容在中医(针灸)教学和考试中仍占很大比重,西医对中医发展仍有重要的借鉴意义;美国各州中医发展很不平衡,落后州仍有很大发展空间;单纯师承教育模式前景不乐观,探索新型中医师承教育模式是中医药事业发展面临的重要课题;美国中医师行医资格要求严格,对我国中医药服务贸易形成了较高的贸易壁垒。 Based on the survey of first-hand information released on the public website of National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine(NCCAOM),qualification categories for NCCAOM qualification certificates applicants and distribution of current registered physicians in each state are summed up and sorted out.Meanwhile,NCCAOM examination and qualification authentication are analyzed.It can be concluded that Western medicine still occupies a large proportion in the teaching and examination of traditional Chinese medicine(Acupuncture)and Western medicine is of significant reference value to the development of traditional Chinese medicine.Development of traditional Chinese medicine in each US state is unbalanced and development space in the lag-behind states is immense.Prospects of the simple apprenticeship education model are not optimistic and the exploration of new apprenticeship education model for traditional Chinese medicine is an important issue faced by development of traditional Chinese medicine career.Medical qualification for traditional Chinese medicine practitioners in US is very severe,forming higher trade barrier for the service trade of traditional Chinese medicine.
作者 冷文杰 武锋 崔钰 刘薇 LENG Wenjie;WU Feng;CUI Yu;LIU Wei(School of Management,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine,Beijing 100029,China)
出处 《中国医药导报》 CAS 2019年第2期164-168,共5页 China Medical Herald
基金 北京中医药大学科研发展基金项目(2040072120016)。
关键词 美国 中医 针灸 美国国家针灸与东方医学资格审议委员会 United States Traditional Chinese medicine Acupuncture National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine
作者简介 冷文杰(1994.8-),女,北京中医药大学管理学院2016级社会医学与卫生事业管理专业在读硕士研究生;研究方向:卫生事业管理与中医药国际服务贸易;通讯作者:武锋(1972.10-),男,医学博士,副教授;研究方向:卫生事业管理与中医药国际服务贸易。
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