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我国实施捕捞限额制度的困境与对策研究——以浙北渔场梭子蟹捕捞限额试点为例 预览

On the Predicament and Countermeasure of Implementation of Fishing Quota System in China-A Case Study of the Pilot Project of Swimming Crab Fishing Quota in Northern Zhejiang Fishing Ground
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摘要 近几十年来,海洋渔业资源由于过度捕捞、环境污染及栖息地遭破坏等原因而陷入日益枯竭的境地.农业部于2017初,首次将捕捞限额提上了日程.选择浙江和山东两省作为首批试点省份,对限额捕捞制度展开实践性的探索.本文以2017年9月浙北渔场开展梭子蟹捕捞限额管理为例,就目前我国海洋渔业在实施捕捞限额制度中所面临的问题展开探讨,并分别从技术层面、落实层面、制度和管理层面、政策保障层面及教育层面提出了相应的对策建议,以供渔业主管等相关部门决策时参考. Marine fishery resources have been immersed in the condition of unsustainable development because of overfishing, environmental pollution and habitat destruction in recent decades. The Ministry of Agriculture, for the first time, put the fishing quota on the agenda in the early 2017 by selecting Zhejiang and Shandong as the provinces for the pilot project in order to explore the limited fishing system. This paper takes as the example the fishing quota of swimming crabs in the Northern Zhejiang in September, 2017 to discuss the problems with which the implementation of the fishing quota system in marine fishery are faced, and on the basis of which, the corresponding countermeasures and suggestions are put forward from such levels as the technology,the implementation, the system and the management, the policy guarantee and the educational, hoping to provide decision-making reference for the relevant decision-making department.
作者 陈静娜 朱文斌 CHEN Jingna1 ,ZHU Wenbin2,3(1.School of Economics and Management, Zhejiang Ocean University, Zhoushan 316022, China;2.Zhejiang Provincial Marine Fisheries Research Institute , Zhoushan 316021, China;3.Institute of oceanology and fisheries, zhejiang ocean university, Zhoushan 316022, China)
出处 《浙江海洋大学学报:人文科学版》 2018年第5期8-14,共7页 Journal of Zhejiang Ocean University(Humane Science)
基金 水产浙江省一流学科开放课题“渔业油补新政对渔业发展的影响及应对策略”(编号:20160016) 浙江省教育厅一般项目“我省海洋渔业实施限额捕捞制度的路径选择研究”(编号:Y201738577) 农业部和浙江省海洋局专项资助课题“浙江省限额捕捞关键技术研究与制度探索”.
关键词 捕捞限额 困境 对策 梭子蟹 浙北渔场 fishing quota predicament countermeasure swimming crabs fishing ground in Northern Zhejiang
作者简介 陈静娜(1978-),女,浙江舟山人,副教授,研究方向:渔业经济与管理研究;;通讯作者:朱文斌(1982-),男,浙江义乌人,高级工程师,研究方向:捕捞学及渔业资源管理.
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