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土壤熏蒸剂及生物菌肥对日光温室番茄土壤酶活性及产量的影响 预览 被引量:2

Effects of Soil Fumigants and Biological Fertilizer on Tomato Soil Enzyme Activity and Yield in Solar Greenhouse
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摘要 以番茄圣罗兰3689为材料,通过3种土壤熏蒸剂和2种生物菌肥处理,研究了土壤熏蒸剂及生物菌肥对日光温室番茄土壤脲酶、蔗糖酶、碱性磷酸酶和过氧化氢酶活性的影响。结果表明,威百亩熏蒸抑制土壤脲酶、蔗糖酶和过氧化氢酶活性,激发土壤碱性磷酸酶活性。石灰氮熏蒸抑制土壤脲酶和碱性磷酸酶活性,激发土壤蔗糖酶活性,对土壤过氧化氢酶活性无显著影响。棉隆熏蒸抑制土壤脲酶活性,激发土壤蔗糖酶活性,对土壤碱性磷酸酶和过氧化氢酶活性无显著影响。随着2种生物菌肥的施入,土壤酶活性都趋于恢复和提升状态。威百亩熏蒸剂结合金汇生物菌肥处理番茄产量最高,为118 294 kg/hm^2;其次为棉隆熏蒸剂结合ETS生物菌肥处理,番茄产量为110 938kg/hm^2;石灰氮结合生物菌肥处理番茄产量最低。 Tomato YSL 3689 was treated by 3 kinds of soil fumigants and 2 kinds of bio-bacterial manure in order to study the activities of soil urease, sucrose enzyme, alkaline phosphatase and peroxidase enzyme of greenhouse tomato. The results showed that metham fumigation inhibited the activities of soil urease, invertase and catalase,and stimulated the activity of soil alkaline phosphatase. Lime nitrogen fumigation restrained activities of soil urease and alkaline phosphatase and stimulated the activity of soil invertase, however, it showed no significant effect on soil catalase activity. Dazomet fumigation restrained the soil urease activity, and stimulated the soil invertase activity,while showed no significant effect on activities of alkaline phosphatase and catalase. Soil enzyme activities were tending to restore and improve with the application of two bio-bacterial manure. The metham combined with Jinhui bio-bacterial manure treatment had the highest yield of tomatoes which was 118 294 kg/ha. The yield of tomatoes treated by dazomet fumigation combined with ETS bio-bacterial manure was 110 938 kg/ha. Lime nitrogen combined with bio-bacterial manure treatment had minimum production.
作者 米国全 王裔娜 史艳艳 韩娅楠 卢甜甜 李欣 MI Guoquan1 , WANG Yina1 , SHI Yanyan1 , HAN Yanan1 , LU Tiantian2, LI Xin2 ( 1. Horticultural Institute, Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Zhengzhou 450002, China; 2. College of Horticulture, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China)
出处 《河南农业科学》 CSCD 北大核心 2018年第7期100-105,共6页 Journal of Henan Agricultural Sciences
基金 河南省农业科学院自主创新专项基金项目(2015JC09,2016ZC24,2017ZC26) 河南省农业科学院科研发展专项资金项目(YCY20167803) 河南省农业科学院优秀青年科技基金项目(2018YQ11)
关键词 土壤熏蒸剂 生物菌肥 番茄 土壤酶活性 产量 Soil fumigant Bio-bacterial manure Tomato Soil enzyme activities Yield
作者简介 米国全(1973-),男,河南孟州人,副研究员,博士,主要从事番茄遗传育种研究。E—mail:miguoquan@163.com;通讯作者:韩娅楠(1984-),女,河南郾城人,助理研究员,博士,主要从事蔬菜遗传育种研究。E-mail:xxruoer@163.com
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