目的 分析近年阳江口岸出境人员的乙肝表面抗原（HBsAg）检出情况及流行病学特征,为乙肝的防治工作提供科学依据。方法 对2012—2016年阳江口岸出境人员HBsAg进行ELISA检测,采用描述性流行病学方法,用SPSS16.0统计软件对检测结果进行分析。结果 在3560名出境人员中共检出HBsAg阳性584人,阳性率为16.4%,以劳务人员感染为主,男性阳性率略高于女性,30~49岁年龄组阳性率较高（38.17%）。结论 应加强对中青年出境人员的健康教育,提高出境人员疫苗接种率。
Objective To analyze the situation and the epidemiological characteristics of HBsAg of exit personnel at Yangjiang port,and to provide scientific basis for the prevention and control of hepatitis B. Methods HBsAg of the exit personnel at Yangjiang port from 2012 to 2016 was test by ELISA,and descriptive epidemiological survey method was used to analyze the test results with SPSS 16.0 software. Results The total positive rate of HBsAg was 16.4% for 584 cases tested in 3 560 exit personnel. Most of the HBsAg positive cases were the abroad labors. The positive rate of males was higher than that of females,and 30-49 age group accounted for a large proportion（38.17%）. Conclusion Health education for young and middle-aged exit personnel should be strengthened,as well as improving immunization rate among exit persons.
Chinese Journal of Frontier Health and Quarantine