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低氧训练通过HIF-1α-miR-122-5p-SREBP-1c调节肥胖大鼠肝脏脂代谢的机制研究 预览 被引量:3

The Mechanism of Hypoxic Training Regulating Lipid Metabolism by HIF-1α-miR-122-5p-SREBP-1c in Obese Rat Liver
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摘要 目的:探讨低氧训练对肥胖大鼠肝脏中miR-122-5p及其上下游调节因子在转录水平表达的影响,并在细胞中验证miR-122-5p的表达对下游脂代谢相关基因的调节。方法:雄性SD大鼠经10周高脂饮食诱导建立肥胖大鼠模型,适应性训练后随机分为常氧安静组(N组)和低氧训练组(H组)。4周后测量体重、体脂、血清脂类含量,利用实时荧光定量PCR检测肝脏中miR-122-5p及上下游调节因子转录水平的相对表达。将大鼠正常肝细胞BRL-3A分为未转染组(C组)、过表达miR-122-5p组(Up组)、抑制表达miR-122-5p组(Down组)和空载体组(Nc组),慢病毒转染建立稳定转染细胞系,利用实时荧光定量PCR检测miR-122-5p及下游脂代谢调节因子转录水平的相对表达。结果:与N组相比,H组大鼠体重、体脂显著降低(P〈0.01),血清脂类含量显著改善(P〈0.05或P〈0.01),肝脏miR-122-5p及C/EBPα、SREBP-1c、FASN、ACC1 m RNA的相对表达水平显著降低(P〈0.05或P〈0.01),HIF-1α、CPT1A m RNA的相对表达水平显著升高(P〈0.05或P〈0.01)。在BRL-3A细胞中过表达或抑制表达miR-122-5p,导致SREBP-1c、FASN、ACC1 m RNA相对表达水平显著升高或降低(P〈0.05或P〈0.01),CPT1A m RNA的相对表达水平显著降低或升高(P〈0.05或P〈0.01)。结论:低氧训练可能通过HIF-1α-miR-122-5p-SREBP-1c途径调节肥胖大鼠肝脏脂代谢,低氧训练诱导HIF-1α的表达升高,依次下调C/EBPα和miR-122-5p的表达,进而通过升高SREBP-1c、FASN、ACC1和降低CPT1A的表达,抑制肝脏中脂肪酸的合成,促进脂肪酸的氧化,改善肝脏脂类的代谢。 Objective: To investigate the effects of hypoxic training on the expression of miR-122-5 p and the transcriptional levels of lipid metabolism regulatory factors in the liver of obese rats, and to verify the role of miR-122-5 p on the expression of lipid metabolism related genes in vitro, to investigate the mechanism of miR-122-5 p in regulating liver lipid metabolism during hypoxic training.Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley(SD) rats were induced to establish obese rat model by high-fat diet for 10 weeks. After adaptive training, obese rats were randomly divided into two groups: normoxic sedentary group(N group) and hypoxic training group(H group). 4 weeks later, body weight, body fat and serum lipid content of rats were measured, and the relative expression of miR-122-5 p and transcription level of lipid metabolism important regulatory factors in liver were detected by real-time quantitative PCR. The BRL-3 A cells were divided into four groups: untransfected group(C group),overexpression miR-122-5 p group(Up group), suppressive expression miR-122-5 p group(Down group) and empty vector group(Nc group). The cells were transfected with lentivirus to establish stable transfection cell lines. Real-time quantitative PCR was used to detect the relative expression levels of miR-122-5 p and lipid metabolism regulating factors. Results: Compared with N group, the body weight and body fat of rats in H group decreased significantly(P〈0.01), and the serum lipid concentration significantly improved(P〈0.05 or P〈0.01). The relative expression levels of miR-122-5 p andC/EBPα, SREBP-1 c, FASN, ACC1 m RNA were significantly down-regulated(P〈0.05 or P〈0.01),and the relative expression levels of HIF-1α and CPT1 A m RNA were significantly up-regulated(P〈0.05 or P〈0.01) in H group. Overexpression or inhibition of miR-122-5 p in BRL-3 A cell resulted in a significant increase or decrease in the relative expression levels of SREBP-1 c, FASN, ACC1 m RNA(P〈0.05 or P〈0.0
作者 荆文 李传芬 冯连世 路瑛丽 JING Wen1, LI Chuan-fen2, FENG Lian-shi3, LU Ying-li3(1. Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China; 2. Jinan Military General Hospital, Jinan 250031, China; 3. China Institute of Sport Science, Beijing 100061, China.)
出处 《中国体育科技》 CSSCI 北大核心 2018年第3期60-67,共8页 China Sport Science and Technology
基金 国家自然科学基金资助项目(31471139) 山东省自然科学基金青年基金资助项目(ZR2014CQ026)
关键词 低氧训练 miR-122-5p 肥胖 肝脏 脂代谢 hypoxic training miR- 122 - 5p obesity liver lipid metabolism
作者简介 荆文,男,讲师,博士,主要研究方向为低氧训练对脂代谢的调节机制,E-mail:jingwenjw@163.com.;通讯作者:冯连世,男,研究员,博士生导师,主要研究方向为高原训练与低氧训练的理论与方法、运动员控体重的理论与方法,E-mail:fengls98@126.com.
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