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社会公共安全的治理研究 被引量:5

The Governance of Social Public Security
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摘要 全球的社会公共安全治理普遍面临三大困境:突发难防、人为肇事、顽固频发,究其原因,是社会公共安全的特性所致,表现在:风险属性的不确定性易导致危机突发,公共属性的人为因素易导致危机异化,社会属性的环境因素易导致危机固化。因此,应制定社会公共安全的全方位治理策略,即针对风险属性,要明确目标、灾前预防、灾后处突,践行危机防治;针对公共属性,需“上游”确权定责、“中游”监管调解、“下游”秩序管理,优化危机善治;针对社会属性,应整体上构建国家战略、局部中布局区域规划、节点里落实制度环境,完善危机根治机制。 The global governance of social public security faces three common problems: the out- break of crisis which brings the difficulty of risk prevention and control, the disaster which is hu- man-made, the crisis which persistently exists and frequently occurs. It is found that these problems are caused by the attributes of social public security, which are, uncertainty of the "risk attribute" that makes crisis occur, the human factor of the "public attribute" that makes crisis hetero-normal, and the environmental factor of "social attribute" that makes crisis persistent. Therefore, a compre- hensive management strategy of social public security is proposed as follows: Firstly, the "risk at- tribute" requires a crisis prevention strategy that clarifies the target, takes precautions in advance and handles emergency when crisis occurs. Secondly, the "public attribute" requires the crisis good- governance strategy that clarifies responsibilities in the "upstream", supervises and mediates in the "midstream" and keeps order in the "downstream" ~ Thirdly, the "social attribute" requires the cri- sis permanently-control strategy that constructs national strategy on the whole, designs regional planning in the local scale and improves institutional environment at the node.
作者 唐钧 TANG Jun (Institute of Emergency Management, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872)
出处 《中国人民大学学报》 CSSCI 北大核心 2018年第1期50-58,共9页 Journal of Renmin University of China
基金 中央政法委委托课题“社会公共安全风险防控机制研究”(政法研2016-11号)
关键词 社会公共安全 风险治理 风险防控 总体国家安全 social public security~ risk governance crisis management overall national security
作者简介 唐钧:中国人民大学危机管理研究中心主任,公共管理学院副教授(北京100872)
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