Objective To analyze the relationship between deqi and effect by data mining technique with retrieving clinical literature about acupuncture deqi since the founding of the country. Methods The modern computerization and data mining technologies were adopted to set up clinical literature about acupuncture deqi database. The relevant clinical literature was collected, screened, extracted, and statistical and correlation analyses were used so as to explore the relationship between deqi and effect. Results 82.1%（46/56） of the studies considered that deqi was related to the effect; 17.9%（10/56） of the studies considered that deqi was unrelated to the effect. The support of deqi related to the effect is 100% on dysmenorrhea and facial paralysis. 72%（18/25） of the the articles of pain syndrome considered that deqi was related to the effect; 28%（7/25）of the studies considered that deqi was unrelated to the effect. In the research of the relationship between the features of deqi and effect, 60.7% of the studies suggested that the sense of conduction was positively correlated with the effect. There were 21 studies on the relationship between the intensity of deqi and effect, involving a variety of diseases, which was related to the type of the disease. 58.3%（7/12） of the articles on dysmenorrhea and 63%（34/54） on pain syndrome supported conduction positively correlated to effect, showing the highest frequencies. 50%（3/6） of the papers on facial paralysis supported weak deqi sensation positively correlated to effect, which was the highest frequency. Conclusion Most studies considered that deqi can improve clinical efficacy. The relationship between different features of deqi and effect is closely related to the disease. Further study may focus on high quality research on the relationship between deqi and the obvious effect achieved by acupuncture so as to summarize the law of deqi.
Chinese Acupuncture ＆ Moxibustion
国家重点基础研究发展（973计划）项目：2012 CB 518506