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大肠癌患者术前睡眠状况与心理社会因素的相关研究 预览 被引量:9

Correlational Research on the Sleep Status and Psychosocial Factors of Patients with Colorectal Cancer before Surgery
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摘要 目的 探讨大肠癌患者术前睡眠状况及其与心理社会因素的关系,为改善大肠癌患者的睡眠质量提供依据。方法 采用横断面调查法,选取中国医科大学附属第一医院肛肠外科经病理证实为大肠癌的患者 107 例,应用阿森斯失眠量表(AIS)、汉密尔顿抑郁量表(HAMD)、汉密尔顿焦虑量表(HAMA)、领悟社会支持量表(PSSS)、自尊量表(SES)、医学应对问卷(MCMQ)、纽芬兰纪念大学幸福度量表(MUNSH)、艾森克人格问卷(EPQ)、Wang-Baker 脸谱疼痛强度评分量表评估患者手术前睡眠状况及其与心理社会诸多因素的关系。结果 手术前患者失眠发生率为 22.43%(24/107),失眠在人口学特征与临床特征方面无统计学差异(P 〉 0.05)。抑郁程度、焦虑程度、社会支持、回避、屈服、幸福度及 EPQ-N 在失眠与否的分组中存在统计学差异(P〈0.05)。抑郁程度、焦虑程度与 EPQ-P 对失眠程度有显著正向影响(P〈 0.05)。结论 手术前大肠癌患者失眠程度与抑郁、焦虑、应对方式、社会支持和人格特征关系密切。 Objective To examine the sleep status and relevant psychosocial factors in patients with colorectal cancer before surgery and improve their sleep quality. Methods A cross-sectional survey method was used. Participants were 107 cases of patients with colorectal cancer from the Department of Anorectal Surgery in The First Hospital, which is affiliated with China Medical University. The Athens insomnia scale (AIS), Ham- ilton depression scale (HAMD), Hamilton anxiety scale ( HAMA ), perceived social support scale (PSSS), self-esteem scale ( SES ), medical cop- ing questionnaire (MCMQ), memorial University of Newfoundland scale of happiness (MUNSH), Eysenck personality questionnaire ( EPQ ), and Wong-Baker face scale were used to assess preoperative sleep in patients with colorectal cancer and related psychosocial factors. Results Among the 107 cases,there were 24 cases of insomnia, with an insomnia incidence of 22.43%. No statistical differences were found in demographic charac- teristics and clinical characteristics (P 〉 0.05 ). According to the degree of insomnia, there were significant differences between groups (P 〈 0.05) for depression, anxiety, social support, avoidance, yield, happiness, and EPQ-N. Before the surgery, the degree of depression, anxiety, and EPQ-P had a significant positive effect on the degree of insomnia (P 〈 0.05). Conclusion The degree of insomnia before surgery in patients with colorectal cancer is closely associated with depression, anxiety, coping styles, social supoort, and uersonahtv characteristics.
作者 孙光为 杨学彬 刘盈 于方舟 董晓梅 王寅寅 陈美旭 郭娇 邢承忠 SUN Guangwei1, YANG Xuebin2, LIU Ying3, YU Fangzhou4, DONG Xiaomei3, WANG Yinyin2, CHEN Meixu3, GUO Jiao5, XING Chengzhong1 ( 1. Depamnent of Anorectal Surety, The First Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, China; 2, Department of Science and Education, Dalian Sev- enth People' s Hospital, Dahan 116023, China; 3. Department of Psychiatry, The First Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, China; 4. Department of Psychology, The People' s Hospital of Liaoning Province, Shenyang 110016, China; 5. Deparunent of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The Afficiated Fourth Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang 110032, China)
出处 《中国医科大学学报》 CSCD 北大核心 2017年第5期413-417,共5页 Journal of China Medical University
基金 国家自然科学基金(81472853)
关键词 失眠 抑郁 焦虑 社会支持 自尊 应对方式 幸福度 人格 insomnia depression anxiety social support self-esteem coping style happiness personality
作者简介 孙光为(1986-),男,医师,硕士. 通信作者:邢承忠,E-mail:sgw198611091@163.com
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