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江苏省徐州市2006—2015年细菌性痢疾流行病学特征分析 被引量:9

Epidemiological characteristics of bacillary dysentery in Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province, 2006-2015
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摘要 目的探讨江苏省徐州市2006—2015年细菌性痢疾发病规律、流行特征,为制定细菌性痢疾防控策略和措施提供科学依据。方法采用描述性流行病学方法对徐州市2006—2015年细菌性痢疾疫情资料进行分析。结果徐州市2006—2015年细菌性痢疾报告发病率在10.08/10万-25.99/10万之间,年均发病率为15.03/10万。发病高峰为每年5-10月份,占10年报告发病总数的75.42%。男女年均发病率居首位的均为0岁组儿童;职业分布以散居儿童发病最多,占比为56.62%。男女性别比为1.61:1。分离的菌株型别以福氏志贺菌为主。结论徐州市2006-2015年菌痢发病率总体呈下降趋势并趋于平稳,儿童和中老年农民是防治重点人群。 Objective To explore the incidence regularity and epidemiological features of bacillary dysentery in Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province from 2006 to 2015 so as to provide a scientific basis for formulating its prevention and control strategies and measures. Methods Descriptive epidemiological method was used to analyze the epidemic data of bacillary dysentery in Xuzhou City during 2006-2015. Results The reported incidence rates of bacillary dysentery in Xuzhou City during 2006-2015 fluctuated between 10.08/100,000 and 25.99/100,000, with an average annual incidence rate of 15.03/100,000. The peak of the yearly epidemic occurred mainly between May and October, accounting for 75.42% of the total cases reported during the ten years. The peak average annual incidence rates in males and females both occurred in the age groups less than 12 months. The occuption distribution showed that most of the cases were scattered children, accounting for 56.62%, and the sex ratio was 1.6l : 1. Most of the isolated strains were identified as Shigella flexneri. Conclnsions The incidence rates of bacillary dysentery in Xuzhou City during 2006-2015 show the tendency from decrease to stabilization. Children and middle-aged and old farmers are the key groups for bacillary dysentery prevention and control.
作者 谢冰艳 孙传武 XIE Bing-yan , SUN Chuan-wu ( Donghai County Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Donghai, Jiangsu 222300, China)
出处 《实用预防医学》 CAS 2017年第4期482-485,共4页 Practical Preventive Medicine
基金 江苏省CDC现场流行病学培训项目
关键词 细菌性痢疾 描述性流行病学 疫情分析 徐州市 bacillary dysentery descriptive epidemiology epidemic analysis Xuzhou City
作者简介 谢冰艳(1982-),女,四川遂宁人,本科学历,主管医师,主要从事传染病防治工作。 通信作者:孙传武,副主任医师,E-mail:xzcdcjkk@163.com。
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