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政府数据开放:概念辨析、价值与现状分析 预览 被引量:9

Government Data Open: Concept Discrimination,Valueand Status Analysis
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摘要 政府开放数据已在全球逐步兴起,但我国的政府数据开放还存在相关概念尚未厘清,尚未完全从政府信息公开、政府信息资源再利用等概念中完全独立出来,没有原创性思路和方法等问题.针对以上问题,重点对政府数据开放进行概念辨析和对比,并总结数据开放的价值与智慧城市建设的关系,用以突出其现实贡献和现实落脚点.对国内外政府数据开放的现状进行分析和对比,表明我国政府数据开放还处于起步阶段,需要借鉴国外数据开放持续政策及推动和加强社会应用引导的做法.还提出并论证了我国社会力量逐步参与并推动政府数据开放工作的“先放开后收敛”的创新之路,借此或可实现我国在数据开放事业上的弯道超车. Government data open has gradually been popular around the world. However,problems still exist in China’s data open. For example,some related concepts have not been clarified,government data open has not yet been separated from government information disclosure and reusing,as well as original ideas and methods have not yet been proposed. To highlight the practical contribution and realistic foothold of the government data open, its concept discrimination and comparison were studied and its significance and relationship with smart city construction were summarized aiming at dealing with the above problems. The analysis and comparison of government data open status in the world shows that government data open in China is still in the initial stage,where some strategies, such as continuing to promote policies and strengthen the guidance of social practices need to be learnt from foreign countries.An innovation way of government data open, which called " release first and constrain afterword" with social forces involved in was proposed and demonstrated.
作者 季统凯 刘甜甜 伍小强 JI Tongkai1,LIU Tiantian1 ,WU Xiaoqiang2 (1. Cloud Computing Center,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Dongguan 523808,Guangdong,China;2. Guangdong Electronic Industry Institute,Dongguan 523808,Guangdong,China)
出处 《北京工业大学学报》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2017年第3期327-334,共8页 Journal of Beijing Polytechnic University
基金 广东省引进创新科研团队计划基金资助项目(201001D0104726115) 2013年广东省中国科学院全面战略合作专项资金竞争性分配项目(2013B091500023)
关键词 政府数据开放 政府数据 政府信息 智慧城市 government data open government data government information smart city
作者简介 季统凯(1972-),男,研究员,主要从事云计算、大数据方面的研究,E-mail:jitk@casc.ac.cn
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