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江苏省泰州市2745例住院肺炎病例流行病学特征 被引量:1

Temporal- spatial distribution and etiological characteristics of 2 745 hospitalized cases of pneumonia in Taizhou City of Jiangsu Province
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摘要 目的对泰州市2015年住院肺炎病例流行病学特征进行分析,为进一步提高该市住院肺炎的监测和诊治能力提供科学依据。方法用描述性流行病学方法分析2015年泰州市人民医院住院肺炎病例的流行病学特征;并在每月采集监测哨点住院呼吸道感染病例的咽拭子样本12份,提取核酸,进行多种病原的荧光定量PCR检测,根据检测结果描述病原谱分布特征。结果泰州市2015年共报告住院肺炎病例2 745例,占相应科室住院病例总数的17.8%;年龄构成以0-5岁组为主,占65.5%。1月和12月为全年发病高峰;核酸检测样品144份,共检出阳性样品33份,阳性病原体45次,检出率排前3位的依次为流感病毒5.6%、肺炎链球菌4.9%和人肠道病毒4.2%。结论泰州市2015年住院肺炎病例呈现季节性和多病原交替特征,需根据病原谱和病原流行的人群及时空分布特征采取针对性的防控措施。 Objective To understand the epidemiologicat characteristics and pathogens spectrum about hospitalized cases of pneumonia in Taizhou of 2015, and provide evidence for the prevention and control of disease syndromel. Methods Through de- scriptive epidemiology epidemiological characteristics about hospitalized cases of pneumonia were analysed in Taizhou City of 2015; and hospitalized cases of pneumonia sentinel sites throat swab samples collected were randomly selected 12 parts, extrac- tion of nucleic acids, fluorescence quantitative PCR detection of multiple pathogens, pathogen spectrum distribution characteris- tics described based on test results. Results Taizhou City of 2015 from January to December reported a total of 2 745 cases of hospitalized cases of pneumonia, proportion of the total number of inpatient 17. 8% ; 0 -5 years in age structure, accounting for 65.5%. According report, Janunary and December peak incidence for the whole year; nucleic acid test sample 144 were detec- ted 33 positive samples, 45 positive pathogens, the detection rate of the top three in the order of Influenza 5.6%, Streptococcus pneumoniae 4. 9% and Human enterovirus 4. 2%. Conclusion Hospitalized cases of pneumonia presented the seasonal and multi - pathogen alternately characteristics in Taizhou, 2015. Targeted prevention and control measures should be taken in ac- cordance with the pathogen spectrum and pathogenic popular crowd and spatial and temporal characteristics.
作者 杨海玉 马智龙 丁雯 查杰 YANG Haiyu, MA Zhilong, DING Wen, ZHA Jie (Taizhou City Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Jiangsu225300, China)
出处 《医学动物防制》 2017年第2期136-138,共3页 Chinese Journal of Pest Control
基金 江苏省卫计委预防医学科研项目(Y2012050,Y2015046)
关键词 住院肺炎 时空分布 病原谱 描述性流行病学 Hospitalized cases of pneumonia Temporal - spatial distribution Pathogen spectrum Descriptive epidemiology
作者简介 杨海玉(1978-),男,副主任医师,主要从事传染病病原学研究 通讯作者:丁雯,E—mail:786192893@qq.com
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