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事必躬亲还是权力共享?——内隐追随理论视角下领导者授权行为研究 被引量:7

To Empower or Not to Empower Your Followers: An Implicit Followership Theory Perspective on Leadership Empowerment Behavior
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摘要 本文基于内隐追随理论,探讨了领导者的积极追随原型与追随者的积极追随特质的匹配情形如何形塑领导者的授权行为。基于广东省2家食品企业的226份上下级配对数据,采用多项式回归和响应面分析技术发现:当追随者的积极追随特质与领导者的积极追随原型相匹配时,追随者能够成为领导者的“意中人”。面对“意中人”,领导者将展现更多的授权行为。在匹配情况下,高—高匹配时的领导者授权行为高于低—低匹配的情形。 As empowerment is found to enhance followers' work motivation, and to allow them to be more adaptive to the rapid changing environment, the role of leadership in empowering followers has received increasing attention in organizational research and practice. Leadership empowerment behavior refers to a set of actions in which a leader shares power with his or her followers through highlighting the meaningfulness of work, fostering participation in decision making, conveying confidence in high performance, and providing autonomy from bureaucratic constraints. While previous research on this topic extols the positive effects resulted from leadership empowerment behavior, it remains unclear what factors can predict the emergence of leadership empowerment behavior. In recent years, the implicit followership theory, which comes from the combination of social cognitive theory and followership literature, draws a new perspective to investigate the antecedents of leadership empowerment behavior. According to the implicit followership theory, individuals generate personal assumptions about the traits that characterize followers. The integral elements of the implicit followership theory are prototypes, which are abstract and composite mental representations for particular cognitive categories. Based on the valence of a prototype, followership prototypes are classified into two types: the positive followership prototype (PFP) and the negative followership prototype. PFP comprises the assumed traits characterizing good followers, such as industriousness, enthusiasm and good citizenship. To date, many scholars focused on leaders' PFP and found that leaders' PFP affected followers' job attitude and performance through the leader-member exchange. In compliance with the research approach for positive psychology, we also plan to concentrate on leaders' PFP. In organizational settings, leaders' PFP may be activated unconsciously and compared with the followers' explicit/actual followership characteristics in th
作者 彭坚 冉雅璇 康勇军 韩雪亮 Peng Jian1, Ran Yaxuan1, Kang Yongjun2, Han Xueliang3 ( 1 School of Management, Jinan University, Guangzhou, 510632 ;2 School of Entrepreneurship, Guangdong University of Finance & Economics, Guangzhou, 510320 ;3 School of Business Administration, Henan University of Economics and Law, Zhengzhou, 450000)
出处 《心理科学》 CSSCI CSCD 北大核心 2016年第5期1197-1203,共7页 Psychological Science
关键词 内隐追随理论 积极追随原型 积极追随特质 领导者授权行为 多项式回归 positive followership prototype, implicit followership theory, positive followership characteristic, leadership empowerment behavior, polynomial regression
作者简介 通讯作者:彭坚。E-mail:pengjiannut@163.com
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