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替考行为入罪的正当性和限度 预览 被引量:3

The Justification and Limitation of Being Crime of the Behavior of Surrogate Exam
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摘要 《刑法修正案(九)》增设了代替考试罪,将替考行为人罪具有正当性。但应对其范围进行一定的限制,被替考者的行为适用行政法足以进行规制。《刑法修正案(九)》规定的犯罪化范围过广,应对替他人参加考试和让他人替自己参加考试进行限制解释。代替考试罪的侵害法益是考试秩序,犯罪化的重点应是组织化、集团化的替考行为;从考试范围的规定来看,以法的效力位阶为标准进行划分具有合理性。考试秩序可以具体理解为涉及国家和社会发展底线,可还原成个人的福利性利益的具有长远性、稳定性、指向公共利益的秩序类型。 The amendment to the Criminal Law of PRC (IX) expands the criminal circle to include behaviors of surrogate exam into crime, As administrative law can effectively regulate the behavior of people who let others replace them to take exam, the range of the amendment is too extensive. Hence we should restrain explanation on the meaning of people who let others replaces them to ente : exam and who replace others to enter exam. The infringement of legal interests of the crime is the order of the ex- am. The emohasis with the criminal law should be the behaviors of surrogate exam which are of systematization and collectiviza- tion. And u, ing the validity level to divide the exam type is reasonable. The exam order can be understood as the bottom line of national and social development, which can be specialized into personal welfare interests of long - term, stable nature or concerning the public interest.
作者 姜子倩 JIANG Zi - qian (Law School, Wuhan University,Wuhan, 430072, Hubei, China)
机构地区 武汉大学法学院
出处 《学术探索》 CSSCI 北大核心 2016年第3期48-53,共6页 Academic Research
关键词 替考行为 犯罪化 考试秩序 the behaviors of surrogate exam being crime exam order
作者简介 姜子倩(1989-),女(满族),辽宁丹东人,武汉大学法学院博士研究生,主要从事中国刑法学研究。
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