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陶粒内养护高性能混凝土抗裂性能研究 预览 被引量:12

Crack Resistance of Ceramsite Self-Curing High Performance Concrete
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摘要 通过平板开裂试验,研究陶粒内养护对不同强度混凝土早期抗裂性能的影响规律,并结合混凝土塑性收缩试验、绝热温升试验和内部相对湿度变化,探明陶粒内养护提高混凝土早期抗裂性能的微观机理.结果表明:在混凝土中使用饱水陶粒替代部分粗骨料,能够减少混凝土材料的早期塑性收缩,降低大体积混凝土内部的水化温升,有效提高混凝土早期的抗裂性能,达到显著的内养护效果;饱水陶粒通过减缓早龄期试件内部相对湿度的快速下降,改善了胶凝材料水化环境,有效抑制了胶凝材料水化过程引发的自干燥作用,降低了混凝土材料早期收缩,从而提高了混凝土材料的抗裂性能;C30与C60两个强度混凝土中饱水陶粒替代粗骨料的最佳比例均为20%(体积分数). Crack resistance of selfcuring concrete was investigated through plate cracking test in early age. The plastic shrinkage, adiabatic temperature rise and internal relative humidity change of selfcuring con crete were homologously analyzed. The crack resistance change of selfcuring concrete and its micro mech anisms were clarified. The results show that the early plastic shrinkage is reduced and the adiabatic tem perature rise is lowered by waterlogged ceramsite, which effectively enhances the crack resistance of self curing concrete. The hydration environment of cementitious material in concrete is improved by water logged ceramsite and its selfcuring effect. The optimal proportion of waterlogged ceramsite replacing coarse aggregate was proposed as 20%(by volume) in both C30 and C60 concrete.
作者 韩松 安明喆 郭瑞 刘高 HAN Song, AN Mingzhe, GUO Rui, LIU Gao (1. School of Civil Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China2. Highway Bridge National Engineering Research Centre, CCCC Highway Consultants Co. , Ltd. , Beijing 100088, China)
出处 《建筑材料学报》 EI CAS CSCD 北大核心 2015年第5期742-748,共7页 Journal of Building Materials
基金 国家自然科学基金资助项目(51408037,51578049) 交通运输部重大科技专项基金资助项目(2011318494160)
关键词 内养护 陶粒 抗裂性能 塑性收缩 内部相对湿度 self-curing ceramsite crack resistance plastic shrinkagel internal relative humidity
作者简介 韩松(1984-),男,河北石家庄人,北京交通大学讲师,博士.E—mail:Songhan@bjtu.edu.cn
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